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Country Facts

Zimbabwe is landlocked; the Zambezi forms a natural riverine boundary with Zambia; in full flood (February-April) the massive Victoria Falls on the river forms the world's largest curtain of falling water.


Geographic Information

Location: Borders Zambia, Mozambique,Botswana, South Africa and Namibia. 

Climate: Tropical; moderated by altitude; rainy season (November to March)
Area: 390,580 sq km
   Water: 3,910 sq km
    Land: 386,670 sq km
Terrain: Mostly high plateau with higher central plateau (high veld), mountains in east.
Natural resources: Coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals.


Economic Information

Gross Domestic Product: Purchasing power parity - $26.07 billion (2002 est.)
Gross Domestic Product by Sector: 
Agriculture: 18%
Industry: 24%
Services: 58%
(2001 data)
Labor Force: 5.8 million (2000, estimated)
Labor Force by Sector:  
Agriculture 66%
Services 24%
Industry 10%
(1996 data)

Political Structure and Government
Government Type: Parliamentary democracy
Independence: 18 April 1980 (from UK)
Capital: Harare
People and Culture
Population: 12,576,742 inhabitants.