Une pour tous : les fondamentaux de la police internationale de maintien de la paix
Thursday, 21 November 2013, Global | DPKO/DFS/OROLSI
Over the last couple of years, between 80 and 100 countries provided police officers to the United Nations for its operations and missions around the globe. This unique wealth of representation from so many cultures, such diverse educational backgrounds and so many traditions of policing is one of the greatest assets of UN policing.
At the same time, this asset is also a liability when it comes to training, planning and implementing the broad spectrum of mandates that the UN police receive. Community policing in Nigeria is not the same as community policing in New Zealand. Public order management or crowd control in Argentina or Australia, Senegal or Serbia are completely different concepts, with different training and different equipment.
To agree on the core concept, principles and functions of how UN Police operate, the Police Division undertook a global two-year process of consultations to agree on a Strategic Guidance Framework for UN policing, a “constitution” setting out the parameters of international police peacekeeping. Led by the Police Division, and generously funded by the Norwegian Government, the process has been sweeping and inclusive.
It began with consultations with the General Assembly and its Special Committee on Peacekeeping. It advanced to include five regional consultative meetings, held in Argentina, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Jordan and Ukraine, where the principles of the guidance were discussed and debated. In each of these meetings, scores of police authorities, often including Inspector Generals or Directors and some Ministers, participated in the discussions. All UN police partners, including the African Union, the European Union, INTERPOL, UNODC, UNDP, to name but a few, were involved in its development.
As a final step in the consultative process the SGF was presented to the Working Group of the Security Council, chaired by Pakistan, on 15 November.
The SGF clarifies the primary functions of a generic UN Police peacekeeping operation. It lays down approaches to capacity-building and identifies core principles upon which the UN police operate. It puts an emphasis on recording and sharing good practices and ensuring consistency of approach between missions while representing the diversity of mandates. Not least, the document unequivocally puts human rights and accountability at the centre of what UN Police officers do in any corner of the world.
A final, high-level meeting on the guidance was held with the Global Police Policy Community in mid-October at the Cumberland Lodge in the UK. Among others the DPKO Assistant-Secretary General for Rule of Law and Security Institutions, the UN Police Adviser and former UN Under-Secretary-General Dame Margaret Joan Anstee, participated. This body endorsed the framework and the guidance is now going through its final consolidation at UNHQ.
The Framework will be published in December of this year and then the second phase of the process will begin with the filling out of this overarching, umbrella framework with thematic guidance in 2014.