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Final communiqué of the 11th Islamic Summit (Dakar, Senegal 13-14 March 2008)

  FINAL COMMUNIQUÉ  OF THE ELEVENTH SESSION OF

THE ISLAMIC SUMMIT CONFERENCE

(SESSION OF THE MUSLIM  UMMAH IN THE 21 st CENTURY)

DAKAR — REPUBLIC OF SENEGAL

6-7 RABIUL AWWAL 1429 H

(13-14 MARCH 2008)

OIC/SUMMIT-11/2008/FC/Final

  1. In response to the kind invitation of H.E. Maitre Abdoulaye WADE,

President of the Republic of Senegal, the Eleventh Session of the Islamic

Summit Conference, Session of the Muslim Ummah in the 21st Century, was

convened in Dakar, capital of the Republic of Senegal, on 6-7 Rabiul Awwal

1429 H.(13-14 March 2008).

2. The session was preceded by the Senior Officials’ Meeting held on 8-9

March 2008, which was followed by the Preparatory Ministerial Meeting on

11-12 March 2008.

3. The President of the Senate of Malaysia delivered the message of H.E. Dato’

Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Prime Minister of Malaysia and Chairman of

the Tenth Islamic Summit Conference. The statement indicated that

Malaysia’s priority was to revitalize the OIC General Secretariat and the

OIC system, to make it more efficient and stressed the role of the OIC in

contributing more effectively to achieve international peace and security. It

highlighted the initiatives undertaken by Malaysia during its Chairmanship

of the Islamic Summit Conference, in particular, initiating the Capacity

Building Programme for OIC countries, the establishment of the World

Islamic Economic Forum (WIFE), establishing the Strategic Partnership

between the Muslim world and the west, and bridging the gap of

misunderstanding and mistrust, as well as strengthening of the role of the

OIC in international fora and combating extremism and Islamophobia.

4. The Conference unanimously elected H.E. Maitre Abdoulaye WADE,

President of the Republic of Senegal, as Chairman of the Eleventh Islamic

Summit Conference. The other members of its Bureau were unanimously

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elected as follows: The State of Palestine, the Arab Republic of Egypt, and

the Republic of Turkey, as Vice-Chairmen respectively, and Malaysia as

Rapporteur of the Conference.

5. H.E. Maitre Abdoulaye WADE, President of the Republic of Senegal and

Chairman of the Eleventh Islamic Summit Conference, delivered a speech in

which he started by welcoming their Majesties, Excellencies, and

Highnesses, the Kings and Heads of State and Government, and thanked

them for the trust they placed in His Excellency by electing him Chairman

of the Eleventh Session of the Islamic Summit Conference. He affirmed that

this Summit was not just Senegal’s Summit but also Africa’s Summit. He

emphasized that the rekindling of the Muslim Ummah in the 21st Century

will be achieved through a revitalized Organization, endowed with

institutional capacities and human and financial resources commensurate

with our ambitions. He stressed that the process of the review of the OIC

Charter satisfied this requirement and that it was only through this urgent

reform that the Organization would meet the aspirations of the Ummah.

6. In his statement, H.E. Mahmoud Abbas, President of the Palestinian

National Authority (PNA), emphasized the worsening situation in Gaza

due to the continuing Israeli aggression against Palestinian people in the

occupied territories. He expressed grave concern over the present threats to

Al-Quds because of the judaization of the city and the ongoing excavations

under Al-Aqsa Mosque. He emphasized that there will be no final peace

without resolving the issues of Al-Quds and refugees and strongly rejected

unilateral solutions and a State with provisional borders.

7. Addresses were then delivered by Their Excellencies the President of

Djibouti on behalf of the Arab Group, the Chief Adviser (Prime Minister) of

Bangladesh, on behalf of the Asian Group, and the President of Burkina

Faso, on behalf of the African Group. They expressed their congratulations

to H.E. Maitre Abdoulaye WADE, President of the Republic of Senegal, on

his election as Chairman of the Eleventh Islamic Summit Conference. They

conveyed their appreciation to His Excellency for hosting the Eleventh

Islamic Summit Conference and to the government and people of Senegal

for their warm welcome and generous hospitality. They also commended

the excellent arrangements made by the Senegalese authorities to ensure the

success of the proceedings of the Conference. They also expressed

appreciation to H.E. Dato’ Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, Prime Minister of

Malaysia and Chairman of the Tenth Session of the Islamic Summit

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Conference, for his effective and able leadership of the Organization since

2003.

8. His Royal Highness Prince Saud Al-Faisal, Foreign Minister of the Kingdom

of Saudi Arabia, Head of the Saudi delegation, said that his country

considered the Dakar Summit as an important development as it comes

after the adoption of the Ten-Year Programme of Action (POA) by the

leaders of the Muslim Ummah during the 3rd Extraordinary Session held in

Mecca Al-Mukarramah in December 2005. He emphasized the need to

implement all aspects of this programme. He highlighted Saudi Arabia’s

contribution in helping to resolve a number of conflicts in the Muslim

world.

9. In his general report on major activities of the Organization, H.E. Professor

Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu, Secretary-General of the OIC, expressed thanks and

gratitude to H.E. President Maitre Abdoulaye WADE as well as to the

Government and people of the Republic of Senegal for the tremendous

efforts deployed to ensure the smooth running of the Summit proceedings

and its successful outcome. He paid tribute to H.E. Prime Minister Abdullah

Badawi of Malaysia, Chairman of the Tenth Summit, for his wise steering of

the affairs of the Chairmanship during his tenure. He expressed high esteem

and thanks to the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah Bin

Abdul Aziz for his Government’s continued support and for granting a

spacious piece of land in Jeddah for the construction of the new OIC

Headquarters building. He highlighted the work achieved during the last

few years to implement the reforms based on the concept of a new work

ethic, and on new perspectives, goals, and vision. He emphasized that

ignorance about Islam and also premeditated and historically entrenched

animosity on the part of a minority in the West, as well as the failure to

disseminate the true values of Islam are the reasons lying behind the

increasing wave of Islamophobia.

10. Their Excellencies Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations,

Dr. Amr Moussa, Secretary-General of the League of Arab States, and Alpha

Omar Konare, outgoing Chairman of the African Union, delivered

addresses in which they commended the cooperation and coordination

between their respective organizations and the Organization of the Islamic

Conference, stressing the importance of further developing the mechanisms

of joint action within the context of the international community’s

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endeavors to reenergize the role of regional organizations in the field of

preventive diplomacy and in spreading international peace and security.

11. The Secretary-General of the World Muslim League (WML), Dr. Abdullah

Bin Abdul Mohsin Al-Turki, delivered a statement in which he highlighted

the League’s activities in various fields, including alleviating the suffering

of the Palestinian people and countering hostile campaigns against Islam

and Muslims.

12. The Conference adopted the Report, Agenda, and Work Program of the

Preparatory Ministerial Conference held on 11-12 March 2008.

13. The Conference adopted the motto “The Muslim Ummah in the 21st

Century” for its current session.

14. The Conference considered the opening statements of the Prime Minister of

Malaysia and the President of the Republic of Senegal, H.RH. Prince Saud

Al-Faisal, Foreign Minister of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the OIC

Secretary General, as official documents of the Eleventh Session of the

Islamic Summit Conference.

15. The Conference noted with appreciation the report of H.E. Abdullah

Ahmad Badawi, Prime Minister of Malaysia and Chairman of the Tenth

Islamic Summit Conference, on the activities performed during his

Chairmanship of the OIC. It also took note with satisfaction of the Reports

submitted by the Chairs of the Standing Committees, His Majesty King

Mohamed VI, Sovereign of the Kingdom of Morocco and Chairman of Al-

Quds Committee, H.E. Maitre Abdoulaye WADE, President of the Republic

of Senegal and Chairman of the Standing Committee for Information and

Cultural Affairs (COMIAC), H.E. Abdullah GÜL, President of the Republic

of Turkey and Chairman of the Standing Committee for Economic and

Commercial Cooperation (COMCEC), and H.E. Pervez Musharraf,

President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and Chairman of the Standing

Committee for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH).

16. The Conference took note, with appreciation, of the reports submitted by

the OIC Secretary-General covering all the activities and measures he had

taken in the implementation of the Organization's resolutions as well as the

latest developments on issues before the Conference.

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17. The Conference reiterated its firm commitment to the purposes, objectives,

and principles of the Charter of the Organization of the Islamic Conference

in the service of the causes of Islam and Muslims in a spirit of genuine

solidarity. It once again reaffirmed its adherence to the implementation of

the resolutions adopted by the OIC Summit and Ministerial Conferences.

Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict

18. The Conference reaffirmed the central character of the cause of Al-Quds Al-

Sharif for the whole Muslim Ummah. It affirmed the Arab and Islamic

identity of occupied East Jerusalem and the need to defend the sanctity of

Islamic and Christian holy places. The Conference also reiterated its strong

condemnation of Israel, the occupying power, for its persistent aggression

against Islamic and Christian holy places in and around Al-Quds Al-Sharif,

for its illegal excavations beneath Al-Haram Al-Sharif and Al-Aqsa Mosque,

and for all such illegal and provocative measures carried out by it with the

intention of altering the Holy City’s legal status and demographic

composition and character, in particular Israel’s illegal colonization

practices, including, inter alia, its settlement activities and its construction of

the Wall in and around the City in the Occupied Palestinian Territory.

19. The Conference renewed its appreciation of the efforts and initiatives of His

Majesty King Mohammed VI, Chairman of the Al-Quds Committee, in

support of the just Palestinian cause, and appreciated His Majesty's

intensive contacts with influential international powers, particularly the

permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, in order to

urge and compel Israel to adhere to all relevant international resolutions. It

also commended the effective role of Bayt Mal Al-Quds to preserve the

unique spiritual identity of Al-Quds, safeguard its Islamic holy sites and its

civilizational, cultural, and human heritage, and to support its concrete,

field programmes and plans in the housing, social, educational, and health

areas.

20. The Conference commended the Jordanian role in preserving the Islamic

holy sites and Hashemite architecture and in protecting them from plans

that aim at altering the status quo in East Jerusalem and safeguarding its

historical and civilizational character. It also commended the role His

Majesty King Abdullah II Ibn Al-Hussein in projecting the cause of

Jerusalem at international fora.

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21. The Conference condemned the ongoing and intensifying Israeli military

campaign against the Palestinian people through which Israel, the

occupying power, continues to commit grave human rights violations and

war crimes, including the killing and injuring of Palestinian civilians,

including children, women, and the elderly, by use of excessive,

indiscriminate and lethal force, as well as the continued practice of

extrajudicial executions, the wanton and widespread destruction of

Palestinian homes, properties, infrastructure, agricultural lands and other

sources of livelihood, and the detention and imprisonment of thousands of

Palestinians, including hundreds of women and children. It also expressed

grave concern over the most recent Israeli military incursions and assaults

in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, particularly in the Gaza Strip, which

have left in their wake hundreds of Palestinian victims and which constitute

gross human rights violations and exacerbate the already dire humanitarian

conditions there.

22. The Conference expressed grave concern about the deteriorating socioeconomic

conditions and the deteriorating humanitarian crisis in the Gaza

Strip, in particular due to Israel’s continuing illegal closure, siege, and

blockade and other illegal measures against the Palestinian people there. It

was alarmed by the rising poverty, unemployment, and hunger, as well as

by the declining health status among the Palestinian civilian population,

including widespread malnutrition and anemia among children, due to

Israel’s deliberate obstruction of access to adequate food, medical supplies,

and health care and reduction of fuel and electricity supplies. It determined

that such collective punishment of the civilian population by Israel is

tantamount to a grave breach of international humanitarian law and that

the occupying power should be held accountable for such war crimes. It

thus called upon the international community to pressure Israel, the

occupying power, to immediately cease its siege and collective punishment

of the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip by lifting the siege and opening

all of Gaza’s border crossings to allow for the movement of persons and

goods into and out of the Gaza Strip, including unfettered access for

humanitarian aid and personnel and movement of sick persons requiring

medical treatment outside of Gaza. The Conference emphasized the

significant role played by both the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the

Arab Republic of Egypt in order to ensure the provision of such assistance

through their untiring diplomatic efforts.

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23. The Conference called once again for urgent efforts by the Quartet and the

entire international community, including the Security Council, to address

the current political and humanitarian crisis. It also called for efforts to

support the peace process, the resumed bilateral negotiations between the

two sides and the full implementation of the Road Map towards ending the

occupation of the Palestinian Territory that was occupied in 1967, including

East Jerusalem, and thus realizing the two-State solution, based on the

relevant United Nations resolutions and the terms of reference and

principles of the Middle East peace process. It welcomed the revival of the

peace process and took note of the recent convening of two important

international conferences, held respectively in Annapolis in November 2007

and in Paris in December 2007, and called for building on the momentum of

the Annapolis Conference and its ensuing understandings, until a final

settlement is reached before the end of year 2008, and the establishment of

an independent and viable Palestinian State. The Conference further called

for serious efforts to be exerted by all parties concerned in order to achieve a

just, lasting, and comprehensive solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict as

well as to the Arab-Israeli conflict as a whole. In this regard, it also

reaffirmed the importance of the decisions of the Arab Summit in Riyadh,

Saudi Arabia, in March 2007, especially the need to reinvigorate the Arab

Peace Initiative adopted in Beirut, Lebanon, in March 2002.

24. The Conference expressed concern over the continuing differences between

the Palestinian political factions. It reiterated the demand that the situation

that exists on the ground in the Gaza Strip be restored to that which existed

prior to the events of June 2007, to allow for the restoration of the legitimate

authority’s role in the Gaza Strip and for the preservation of its territorial

integrity and safeguarding of the Palestinian people’s unity. In this

connection, it stressed the need for national dialogue among Palestinians in

order to achieve national reconciliation and restore unity in order to serve

the Palestinian people’s higher national interests. It reaffirmed its full

support for the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), the sole and

legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, and the Palestinian

Authority, under the leadership of President Mahmoud Abbas, and

reaffirmed its support for all democratically-elected Palestinian institutions.

25. The Conference reiterated its appreciation and support for the efforts of the

Arab Republic of Egypt to alleviate the Palestinian people’s suffering and to

find a way out of the current humanitarian crisis. It also expressed its

support for the call made by Egyptian President Mohammed Hosni

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Mubarak for the Palestinian factions to swiftly end their differences and

resume the national dialogue on foundations that secure Palestinian

national unity and serve the Palestinian people’s higher interests in a way

that is conducive to the reinstatement of the legitimate authority’s role in

the Gaza Strip as soon as possible.

26. The Conference commends Sudan for hosting two thousand Palestinian

refugees who had been stranded on the Iraqi-Syrian-Iraqi-Jordanian

borders, thus emphasizing the spirit of Islamic solidarity.

27. The Conference called on Israel to effect a full withdrawal from the

occupied Syrian Golan up to the June 4th 1967 borders in accordance with

UN Security Council Resolutions No. 242/1967 and No. 338/1973; the land

for peace formula; the Madrid Peace Conference terms of reference; and the

Arab Peace Initiative, which was adopted by the Arab Summit held in

Beirut on 28 March 2002 and reaffirmed by the Arab Summit held in Riyadh

in March 2007.

28. The Conference reiterated its support for the Arab Initiative to resolve the

crisis in Lebanon and called upon the Lebanese political leaders to elect the

consensual candidate in due course and to agree on bases for the formation

of a national unity government as soon as possible in order to avoid the

consequences of the failure to elect a president for Lebanon such as to

prevent divisions and put the country back on the track of unity, peace, and

stability.

29. The Conference strongly condemned the brutal Israeli aggression against

Lebanon in 2006 and the associated crimes that require legal prosecution. It

held Israel fully responsible for the human losses and physical damages that

Lebanon incurred. The Conference highly praised Lebanon’s steadfastness

and valiant resistance to the Israeli aggression in 2006 and called for a

permanent ceasefire and for exerting pressure on Israel to end its

aggressions against and violations of the Lebanese sovereignty and of

Resolution No. 1701. The Conference commended the patriotic role that the

Lebanese Army was undertaking in South Lebanon and in all of Lebanon’s

territories.

30. The Conference affirmed its support for the efforts of the Lebanese

Government and Army to combat terrorism, particularly to eradicate the

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“Fatah Al-Islam” terrorist group; and, emphasizing the need to support the

Lebanese position rejecting any kind of resettlement, the Conference called

for support for the Lebanese Government’s efforts to reconstruct Nahr Al-

Barid Camp and to ensure the return of its displaced population.

31. The Conference called for the finalization of the necessary procedures for

the establishment of the International Tribunal, after its adoption by the

United Nations Security Council, to reveal the truth on the assassination of

President Rafik Al-Hariri and his convoy, and called for providing the

necessary conditions for the early commencement of the Tribunal away

from any revenge or politicization such as to ensure justice and the

protection of the Lebanese people from aggressions, and to reinforce

security in Lebanon.

32. The Conference condemned the decisions of the US administration to

impose unilateral economic sanctions on Syria; rejected the so-called Syria

Accountability Act and considered it null and void and a flagrant breach of

the principles of international law, the resolutions and Charter of the United

Nations, and the resolutions of the Organization of the Islamic Conference

(OIC); as well as a blatant prejudice in Israel’s favor. The Conference also

affirmed its solidarity with the Syrian Arab Republic; appreciated its

position in support of favoring the language of dialogue and diplomacy in

international relations in order to resolve differences; and called on the

United States of America to reconsider this Act at the earliest opportunity

and to rescind all decisions taken in this regard.

Political Issues

33. The conference emphasized its full solidarity with the government and the

people of The Sudan, expressed its support of the efforts for national

reconciliation, peace, and lasting stability in the Republic of The Sudan, full

respect of the sovereignty, unity, and territorial integrity of The Sudan, and

called upon the international community to further support these efforts to

reconstruct, development the country, and meet the humanitarian needs of

its people, including Darfur.

34. The Conference welcomed the positive developments in relation to Darfur,

particularly the deployment of the AU-UN Hybrid Force and the start of

peace talks in Libya on 27 October 2007. The conference urged the

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participation of all the rebel groups in these decisive and final talks and

called upon the international community to take the necessary punitive

measures against individuals or groups that refuse to participate in these

talks or in any way undermine the peace process.

35. The Conference welcomed the ongoing efforts to hold an international

conference on the rehabilitation and reconstruction of Darfur under the

umbrella of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) and the

Islamic Development Bank (IDB). It called for the active participation of

Member States and the donor Community in this conference.

36. The Conference welcomed the signing of the Agreement between The

Sudan and Chad alongside the Eleventh Session of the Islamic Summit

Conference in Dakar and congratulated H.E. President Maitre Abdoulaye

WADE on accomplishing this achievement aimed at restoring peace and

harmony between these two brotherly peoples.

37. The Conference reaffirmed its respect for the sovereignty, territorial

integrity, political independence, and unity of Somalia, consistent with the

purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations. It called upon

OIC Member States to consider providing troops and other forms of

assistance for the future deployment of the UN Peacekeeping Forces in

Somalia in order to support peace and stability in the country. In the

meantime, the Conference called upon the international community to

provide logistical, financial, technical, and other forms of support to the

African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM). It expressed Support for the

reconciliation efforts of the transitional federal government through the

special representative of the Secretary-General for Somalia, Mr. Ahmadou

Ould-Abdallah and called on the Somali government and opposition as well

as the international community to support the ongoing reconciliation

process in order to bring lasting peace and security to Somalia. The

Conference strongly condemned all terrorist activities in Somalia, including

the rising trend of suicide attacks and targeted assassinations.

38. The Conference commended the peace agreement concluded between

President Laurent Gbagabo and Kikbafuri Soro in Ouagadougou, under the

patronage of the President of Burkina Faso, Mr. Blaise Compaore. It

requested the Member States, the OIC General Secretariat, and Muslim

financial institutions to provide financial, material, and logistic support for

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organizing the general elections in Cote d’Ivoire. It called on the OIC

Secretary-General to take appropriate steps to organize a donors’ conference

to assist in the reconstruction of Cote d’Ivoire.

39. The Conference renewed its full solidarity with the authorities and people

of Guinea Bissau and expressed its support for the efforts aimed at

achieving national reconciliation and lasting peace and stability. It also

called on the international community to provide more support for those

efforts to contribute to the reconstruction and development of the country

and to meet the basic needs of the people of Guinea Bissau.

40. The Conference welcomed the establishment of representative political

institutions, a free media, building of security sector institutions,

improvements in the health and education sectors, and human rights in

Afghanistan. It expressed its support of the efforts of the People and

Government of Afghanistan to combat terrorism and the drugs problem

and achieve security, stability, and comprehensive and sustainable

development.

41. The Conference appreciated the assistance of Member States to Afghanistan

and requested for more generous donations for the development of this

country through the established Assistance Fund for the Afghan People;

and appealed to the international community to rapidly provide the

assistance it pledged to Afghanistan during the Tokyo 2002, Berlin 2004,

and London 2006 Donor Conferences.

42. The Conference welcomed the proposal of the Islamic Republic of

Afghanistan to the 34th ICFM (15-17 May 2007 in Islamabad) to hold an

International Conference of the Ulema and Muslim Scholars in Kabul in

order to discuss the noble principles of Islam and its role in the fight against

Terrorism under the auspices of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.

43. The conference expressed strong support for the continuation of the Ankara

Process initiated by Turkey in April 2007 aimed at contributing to the

development of Pakistan-Afghanistan relations through mutual trust and

cooperation.

44. The Conference expressed deep appreciation to countries, in particular the

Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Islamic Republic of Iran for hosting a

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large number of Afghans and acknowledged the onerous burden they have

shouldered in this regard.

45. The Conference called on the international community and relevant UN

agencies for the provision of enhanced assistance to the Afghan refugees

and internally displaced persons to facilitate their voluntary, safe, and

honorable return and sustainable reintegration in their society of origin so

as to contribute to the stability of Afghanistan.

46. The Conference strongly condemned the terrorist and criminal activities

committed by Taliban, Al-Qaeda, and other extremist groups, including the

rising trend of suicide attacks against the Afghan people.

47. The Conference reaffirmed its strong support for the National Government

of the Union of Comoros in all its endeavors to restore national unity in

accordance with the constitution and urged the leaders of Island of Anjuan

to end their rebellion in order to pave the way for lasting peace, progress,

and development.

48. The Conference strongly reiterated that Iraq’s sovereignty, political

independence, national unity, and territorial integrity must be respected by

all; stressed the Iraqi people’s right to freely determine their political future,

as well as to full control over their natural resources; and noted that Iraq

now has a democratically elected Government, formed in accordance with

the provisions of its constitution. The Conference welcomed the Iraqi

Government’s decision to rescind the law on eradicating the Baath party,

and replace it with the accountability and justice law, as well as the general

amnesty announced on 13 February 2008, which the Conference considered

as a practical step. It further welcomed the extension of the UN mission in

Iraq as stipulated in the UN Security Council Resolution No. 1770 (2007), as

well as the start of the official implementation of the International Pact with

Iraq on 3rd May 2007 in Sharm El-Sheikh, which is part of the regional and

international continuing support for Iraq’s development.

49. The Conference stressed the principle of non-interference in Iraqi domestic

affairs and welcomed Iraq’s declaration to establish good relations with the

neighboring countries, its announcement of the steps adopted in this regard

on the basis of mutual respect, and its declared commitment to abide by

existing conventions and agreements, particularly those relating to

internationally recognized borders.

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50. The Conference strongly condemned the terrorist acts carried out in the past

or still being carried out against Iraqi citizens, Iraqi officials, and Arab and

other diplomats, or against sacred shrines or religious institutions, and

called for the provision of support in order to end the violence and

eliminate the causes of terrorism. The Conference also underlined the need

for all parties, including multinational forces, to respect the civil and

religious rights of the Iraqi people and to safeguard Iraq’s religious sites and

cultural and historical heritage.

51. The Conference called for expeditious steps to open the OIC Coordination

Office in Baghdad and welcomed the Iraqi government’s allocation of a

building to that effect, and the General Secretariat’s intention to send a

delegation in the near future, at a mutually agreed date, to include officials

from the General Secretariat and all subsidiary organs in order to undertake

negotiations with the Iraqi institutions concerned, examine ways to

consolidate cooperation between the two parties, and evolve a conception of

a comprehensive plan of action in this regard.

52. The Conference called upon all Member States to re-open their Embassies in

Iraq as this would help restore normalcy in this Member State.

53. The Conference strongly condemned the killing of Kuwaiti war-prisoners

and nationals of other countries at the hands of the former regime in Iraq. It

also condemned the former Iraqi regime’s cover-up of these crimes for over

ten years, which is considered a violation of international humanitarian law.

It called for the prosecution of the perpetrators of those crimes against

humanity and invited the UN High-level Coordinator and all parties

concerned to continue their cooperation with the international Red Cross

Committee in order to uncover the fate of the missing Kuwaiti citizens.

54. The Conference welcomed initiatives by OIC Member States in contributing

to national reconciliation, including the holding of the “International

Conference of Muslim leaders for Reconciliation in Iraq”, as a second-track

approach, by Indonesia in Bogor on 3-4 April 2007, which helped build

mutual understanding, respect, and tolerance among different segments of

Iraqi society.

55. The Conference welcomed the lifting of the unilateral sanctions which were

imposed on the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, and

recognized Libya’s right to compensation for the damages suffered as a

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result of those sanctions. It reaffirmed the OIC’s previous positions,

reiterating its deep deploration of the ruling against the Libyan citizen

Abdul Basit Al-Megrahi and calling for his immediate release, as his

condemnation was based on political motives and had no legal justification,

as was affirmed by United Nations Observers and a number of International

legal experts. In this connection, the Conference called on the International

community and Human Rights organizations to put pressure on the

governments concerned in order to ensure his release.

56. The Summit Conference reaffirmed its support for the people of Jammu and

Kashmir for their legitimate right to self-determination, in accordance with

the relevant UN resolutions. It called for the full implementation of the

recommendations contained in the report of the OIC Mission led by the

Secretary-General’s Special Representative on Jammu and Kashmir to

Pakistan and Azad Kashmir. It called for the respect of the human rights of

the Kashmiri people and the withdrawal of security forces from Indian

occupied Kashmir. It urged India to allow the visit of an OIC fact-finding

mission to the Indian-occupied Jammu and Kashmir as well as other

international human rights organizations in order to verify human rights

conditions in Indian-occupied Kashmir.

57. The Conference endorsed the recommendations of the OIC Contact Group

on Jammu and Kashmir. It took note of the Memorandum presented by the

True Representatives of the Kashmiri people and reaffirmed the OIC’s

commitment to promote the just and peaceful solution of the Jammu and

Kashmir dispute, in accordance with the wishes and aspirations of the

Kashmiri people.

58. The Conference appreciated Pakistan’s commitment to the ongoing

Composite Dialogue with India and the flexibility shown by Pakistan in

moving forward towards the resolution of Jammu and Kashmir dispute

through sincerity, flexibility and courage. It called on India to positively

reciprocate in order to arrive at a just and final settlement of the Jammu and

Kashmir dispute as the core issue of their conflict. The Conference

commended Pakistan for its continuing efforts to create and sustain an

enabling environment for the Composite Dialogue with India.

59. The Conference expressed deep sympathy with the people of Jammu and

Kashmir who have suffered great human, material, social, economic, and

environmental losses as a result of the disastrous earthquake of October 8,

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2005. It expressed gratitude for the contributions made by the international

community, especially the OIC Member States, for relief and rehabilitation

of the earthquake victims and encouraged them to continue to provide

necessary assistance in future. It appealed to the Member States and Muslim

institutions to grant scholarships to the Kashmiri students in different

universities and institutions in OIC countries.

60. The Conference condemned the demolition of Babri Mosque in India by the

Hindu extremists and the destruction of the Islamic Complex at Charar-e-

Sharif in the Indian Occupied Kashmir. It called on the Government of India

to ensure the safety of Muslims and their holy sites and to take immediate

steps to implement its solemn commitment to reconstruct the Babri Mosque

on its original site.

61. The Conference reiterated its condemnation of the continuing aggression by

the Republic of Armenia against the sovereignty and territorial integrity of

the Republic of Azerbaijan, which constitutes a blatant violation of the

norms and principles of the United Nations Charter and international law.

It called for total, unconditional, and immediate withdrawal of the

Armenian forces from all the occupied Azerbaijani territories. It condemned

Armenia and demanded that it stop these activities, as well as the continued

destruction of Azerbaijani cultural and historical heritage, including Islamic

monuments. The Conference urged all Member States to further strengthen

their solidarity with Azerbaijan and to extend their full support of its

endeavors to achieve soon the restoration of complete sovereignty and

territorial integrity of Azerbaijan. The OIC Member States agreed to extend

strong and unswerving support of the draft resolution introduced by

Azerbaijan in the current session of the UNGA, entitled “The Situation in

the Occupied Territories of Azerbaijan”, in line with the previous

resolutions adopted on the matter within the OIC.

62. The Conference expressed its firm support for the just cause of the Muslim

Turkish Cypriot people and, within the context of the call made by the then

UN Secretary-General in his report of 28 May 2004, as reaffirmed by the UN

Secretary-General in his reports of 4 June 2007 (S/2007/328) and 3 December

2007 (S/2007/699) and of previous OIC resolutions, reiterated its decision to

put an end to the unjust isolation of the Turkish Cypriots. It strongly called

on the international community to take, without further delay, concrete

steps to end this isolation. Recalling the UN Comprehensive Settlement Plan

aimed at establishing a new state of affairs in Cyprus in the form of a new

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bi-zonal partnership with two equal constituent states, the Conference

acknowledged that neither side may claim authority or jurisdiction over the

other and that Greek Cypriots do not represent the Turkish Cypriots. The

Conference expressed its deep disappointment about the unwillingness on

the part of the Greek Cypriot side to find a comprehensive settlement to the

Cyprus issue on the basis of the UN plan. The Conference firmly supported

the position of the Turkish Cypriot side for continuing to be committed to

the comprehensive settlement of the Cyprus problem under the auspices of

the good offices mission of the UN Secretary-General and on the basis of the

UN Comprehensive Settlement Plan. Through a unanimously adopted

resolution, the Conference once again requested the Member States to

closely associate with the Turkish Cypriots and to increase and expand their

relations in all fields; and encouraged the Member States to exchange high

level visits and business delegations and develop cultural relations and

sports contacts with the Turkish Cypriot side. The Conference also urged

the Member States to inform the Secretariat of the action taken regarding

the implementation of the OIC resolutions, in particular Resolution No. 2-

31/P.

63. The Conference noted the declaration of independence by the Assembly of

Kosovo, on February 17, 2008. Recalling the continued interest of the OIC

regarding Muslims in the Balkans, it expressed its solidarity with the

Kosovar People.

64. The Conference reaffirmed the commitment of the Member States to

preserve the unity, territorial integrity, and sovereignty of Bosnia and

Herzegovina within its internationally recognized borders as a home to

different ethnic, cultural, and religious groups living in harmony together.

65. The Conference welcomed the progress of Member States of the Conference

on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) in

finalizing the process of the CICA institutionalization; in launching the

implementation of the Confidence Building Measures in its Member States;

as well as in expanding the CICA membership. It called on the OIC Asian

Member States to energize the process of joining this Conference.

66. The Conference welcomed the development of interaction with the

Organization on Security and Cooperation (OSCE) in Europe in the context

of the upcoming Chairmanship of the OSCE by the Republic of Kazakhstan

in 2010.

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67. The Conference reaffirmed the commitment of the Member States in all

fields to the visions and mandates of the Ten-Year POA, as a blueprint

document to prepare the Muslim world to meet the challenges of the 21st

century in solidarity in action.

68. The Conference underlined the pivotal role of the OIC General Secretariat in

coordinating the implementation of the Ten-Year POA and appreciated the

progress achieved so far through the action taken by the OIC General

Secretariat, Subsidiary Organs and Specialized and Affiliated Institutions

under the coordination of the General Secretariat.

69. The Conference, by emphasizing the need for and the importance of

strengthening coordination and consultation and adopting a unified stand

by Muslim States at international fora, in relation to their common causes

and interests, appreciated the activities of the OIC Groups in New York,

Geneva, UNESCO, Washington, Vienna, and Brussels, and requested them

to continue to coordinate the positions of Muslim States regularly, prior to

and during all meetings of the UN Security Council, sessions of the General

Assembly and other agencies of the UN system, as well as other relevant

international meetings, in accordance with the pertinent OIC resolutions. It

also called upon all Member States to vote in favor of all resolutions

submitted on behalf of the OIC and abide by those on which the OIC has a

common position in international organizations and conferences, on matters

pertaining to the objectives and principles of the OIC, and on matters

affecting the interests of the OIC and its Member States. The conference

invited the OIC groups in various countries to continue their consultations

and asked the relevant experts group to develop rules for promoting and

institutionalizing the consultation and coordination of the positions of the

OIC Groups in capitals of Non-OIC States and international fora, and

submit its recommendations to the next session of the ICFM for appropriate

decision thereon.

70. The Conference welcomed with satisfaction the progress made on opening

the OIC Office in Brussels and thanked the EU and Belgium authorities for

their support in this regard. It expressed the hope that the Office will

contribute to fostering dialogue and consultations on regular basis between

the two institutions and reinforce the programme of cooperation between

the EU and OIC Member States to address issues of common interest and

promoting better understanding and rapprochement between communities

from both sides.

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71. The Conference, by emphasizing the importance of establishing,

maintaining, and strengthening close relations between the OIC and

international and regional organizations and groupings and affirming that a

policy-oriented and effective cooperation between them would contribute

positively to the realization of their respective objectives, requested the

Secretary-General to continue his efforts to further improve the OIC

cooperation with international and regional organizations and groupings

and conduct a study on the subject for submission to Member States so as to

take necessary measures, accordingly. It also urged the various organs of

the OIC System, to take effective measures in order to broaden the scope of

their cooperation with relevant international and regional organizations and

groupings.

72. The Conference expressed full support and appreciation to the Secretary-

General to continue with his ongoing efforts and laudable initiatives, to

enhance the profile of the OIC in the international arena by engaging with

all stakeholders, including national governments and international

organizations, particularly, the UN and its agencies, the African Union, the

League of Arab States, ASEAN, the EU, OAS, the OSCE, the Council of

Europe, UNESCO, WHO, WTO, and ECO, in order to promote the General

Secretariat as an effective partner in promoting international peace, security,

and development as has been highlighted in the Ten-Year POA and also to

engage with them to devise and implement specific programs and projects

within the priorities of the Ten-Year POA in line with the adopted

resolutions of the organization.

73. The Conference reaffirmed its decision that any reform proposal which

neglects the adequate representation of the Muslim Ummah in any category

of membership in an expanded UN Security Council (UNSC) will not be

acceptable to the Muslim world. The Conference requested the OIC openended

Contact Group on UN Reform and Expansion of the Security Council

at the United Nations Headquarters in New York to continue to closely

coordinate the positions of the OIC Member States in order to promote the

comprehensive reforms of the Security Council and to ensure the equitable

representation of the OIC countries in any category of the enlarged Security

Council in proportion to their membership of the United Nations. The

Conference reaffirmed that efforts at restructuring the Security Council

should not be subjected to any artificial deadline, and that a decision on this

issue should be made by consensus.

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74. The Conference, by rejecting the interventionist tendencies and unilateral

preemptive action in international relations as a real threat to the world

community, stressed that the UNSC should act in full transparency and

accountability and expressed grave concern over the policies which have

prevented this body from performing its main duty based on justice and

thus undermined its credibility. It stressed that the UNSC should be

accountable for its unlawful decisions as well as its repeated failures with

regard to issues related to the Muslim Ummah.

Issues of Muslim Minorities and Communities

75. The Conference renewed its support for and endorsement of the Secretary-

General’s efforts, initiatives, and good offices in the search of just solutions

to the causes of Muslim communities and minorities in non-OIC Member

States, whether politically, culturally, or economically, in implementation of

the Islamic Conferences’ resolutions and the Ten-Year Programme of Action

adopted by the Extraordinary Islamic Summit Conference held in Mecca Al-

Mukarramah in December 2005. The Conference commended the Secretary-

General’s efforts, particularly in dealing with the issues of Muslims in

Southern Philippines, Southern Thailand, the Republic of Myanmar, and

Western Thrace in Greece, as well as the issues of Muslims in the Balkans,

the Caucasus, India, and elsewhere, all within the framework of respect for

the sovereignty of the States to which these Muslims belong. The

Conference also stressed that the current challenges call for the adoption of

the principles of dialogue and cooperation, and the duty to respect the

cultures and customs of all peoples, away from violence, coercion, and

exclusion.

76. The Conference expressed deep concern over the conditions of the Muslim

Minority in India, in particular the plight of Gujarat riots’ victims. It invited

the General Secretariat to monitor the situation of Muslims in India and to

collect further information on the challenges and difficulties they are facing

on the political, social, and economic levels.

77. The Conference expressed its firm support for the just cause of the Turkish

Muslim Minority in Western Thrace; called on Greece once again to take all

necessary measures to ensure the respect of the rights and identity of the

Turkish Muslim Minority in Western Thrace under the bilateral and

international treaties and to recognize the elected Muftis of Xanthi and

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Komotini as the official Muftis; and also called on Greece to allow elections

for the administrative councils of Islamic Waqfs by the Turkish Muslim

Minority to take place.

78. The Conference welcomed the positive outcome achieved in the first and

second rounds of the Tripartite Meeting between the Government of the

Republic of the Philippines (GRP), the Moro National Liberation Front

(MNLF), and the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC),

respectively, held in Jeddah, KSA, in November 2007, and in Istanbul,

Turkey, in February 2008; and stressed the need for them to preserve those

gains. The Conference commended all the members of the OIC Peace

Committee for Southern Philippines including Indonesia as its Chair and

Saudi Arabia as the Vice-Chair, for facilitating the process towards

achieving these agreements, and invited the Secretary-General to continue

his good offices so as to help the two parties to reach a joint formulation of

possible proposals to fully implement the Peace Agreement (PA).

79. The Conference paid tribute to the Secretary-General’s sustained efforts in

monitoring the situation of Muslims in the southern provinces of Thailand.

It expressed its full satisfaction at the positive results of the official visit he

paid to the Kingdom of Thailand in May 2007, and invited him to expand

the scope of cooperation between the OIC and the Kingdom of Thailand,

and extend assistance to Muslims in the southern provinces of Thailand, in

consultation with the Government of Thailand, in order to achieve security

and stability within the framework of full respect of Thailand’s sovereignty

and territorial integrity.

80. The Conference welcomed the signing of the Central Asian Nuclear-

Weapon-Free Zone Treaty (CAPWFZ) dated 8 September 2006 in

Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan.

81. The Conference underscored that arms control, disarmament, and nonproliferation

issues can be best addressed through multilaterally negotiated,

universal and non-discriminatory regimes. In this context, the Conference

reaffirmed the central role and primary responsibility of the United Nations

in the field of disarmament.

82. The Conference called upon all states, including those members of the

Conference on Disarmament, particularly the Nuclear Weapons States

(NWS), to work urgently toward a multilaterally negotiated legally binding

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instrument to assure unconditionally Non-Nuclear Weapons States against

the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons and to explore all additional

means to provide effective assurances to Non-Nuclear Weapons States in

the global or regional context. It urged the Conference on Disarmament to

give utmost priority, from amongst all issues on its agenda, to the early

commencement of negotiations on nuclear disarmament.

83. The Conference reaffirmed the inalienable rights of Member States to

develop nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, as enshrined in the NPT and

the Statute of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). The

Conference urged and strongly supported firmly that Iran’s nuclear issue

should be settled exclusively by peaceful means and through negotiation

without preconditions, within the framework of the IAEA, and in

accordance with the NPT and the Statute of the IAEA. The Conference

expressed its concern over the pressures being mounted on Iran and the

potential consequences thereof for peace and security in and outside the

region. The Conference also welcomed the work-plan agreed between the

Islamic Republic of Iran and the IAEA, which resulted in resolving all

remaining outstanding issues, as provided for in the latest report of the

Director-General of the Agency on the Nuclear Program of the Islamic

Republic of Iran and in this context, reaffirmed that the safeguarded

implementation in Iran should be conducted in a routine manner.

84. The Conference reaffirmed the inalienable right of all states to develop

nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. It encouraged cooperation among the

OIC Member States on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy under the

auspices of the IAEA.

85. The Conference expressed its growing concern over the tragedies provoked

by armed conflicts in Africa which cause the loss of thousands of African

lives, particularly children and women, and engender great burdens which

further undermine the African economies. The Conference called upon the

international community to effectively help curb the devastating impacts of

armed conflicts and eliminate their causes. The Conference expressed its

deep concern over the damaging repercussions of the abundance of and

illegal trafficking in light weapons in Africa in view of the human disasters

these weapons bring about, in addition to their role in fuelling armed

conflicts and terrorism. The Conference called for abidance by the relevant

international treaties, and for strengthening international and regional

cooperation in this field.

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86. Bearing in mind the need for redressing the asymmetries in the levels of

security arising from military imbalances at regional and sub-regional

levels, the Conference recognized the need for enhancing regional security

and stability by settling unresolved disputes and establishing an equitable

and verifiable balance of armaments at the lowest level.

87. The Conference recognized the right of self-defense of Member States in

accordance with Article 51 of the UN Charter. It stressed that initiatives and

proposals in the field of conventional arms, including the movement of

arms, should be addressed in conjunction with the question of maintaining

international peace and security, reducing regional and international

tensions, preventing and resolving conflicts and disputes, building and

enhancing confidence, and promoting disarmament, as well as social and

economic development. It underlined that any international initiative on

conventional arms trade should not impinge upon the right of each state to

security and the inalienable right to self-determination and independence of

people under colonial or foreign domination and obligations of states to

respect that right, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and

the Declaration on Principles of International Law Concerning Friendly

Relations and Cooperation among States.

88. Underscoring the need to evolve a new and balanced consensus in the area

of disarmament, arms control, non-proliferation, and related security

matters as a means to promoting international and regional peace and

security, the Conference proposed the convening of a Special Session of the

General Assembly as soon as possible.

89. The Conference called on Israel to accede to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation

Treaty (NPT), and place all its nuclear facilities under the comprehensive

safeguards regime of the IAEA. It reaffirmed the importance of establishing

a nuclear weapons-free zone in the Middle East as soon as possible for the

sake of preserving peace and security in the region. The Conference

reaffirmed its support for the Arab Initiative submitted to the Security

Council in 2003 in this regard.

90. The Conference expressed its support for the efforts of the Arab Group in

Vienna to place on the agenda of the 52nd General Conference of the IAEA

an agenda item entitled: “Israeli Nuclear Capabilities and Threats, and exert

efforts to adopt a resolution thereon in the General Conference of the IAEA

under the same title.

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91. The OIC Member States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention

(CWC) reaffirmed that full, universal, non-discriminatory, and effective

implementation of CWC would contribute to enhancing international peace

and security. They stressed the important role of the organization for the

Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) as the sole international,

competent body to verify compliance in accordance with the provisions of

the CWC. They paid tribute to the chemical weapons victims, and

considered the establishment of an international support network to

provide special care and assistance on a voluntary basis to them as an

urgent humanitarian need. They also emphasized that the intransigent

policy of the Zionist regime, with its clandestine chemical weapons

program and capability, is the main challenge for the universality of the

Convention and the most dangerous threat to regional and international

peace and security.

Counter-Terrorism

92. The Conference took note of those OIC Member States who joined the

global initiative for combating nuclear terrorism, which is aimed at

establishing close international cooperation in the area of combating

international terrorism, held in Rabat, on 30-31 October 2006.

93. The Conference emphasized that terrorism completely contradicts the

peaceful nature of the teachings of Islam, which urged tolerance, mercy, and

non-violence. It also condemned any connection between terrorism and any

race, religion, and culture. It renewed the call for an international

conference under the auspices of the Untied Nations to define terrorism and

to distinguish it from the legitimate struggle of people under colonial or

alien domination and foreign occupation for self-determination in

accordance with the United Nations Charter and international law. It also

called for a high-level meeting of the Untied Nations General Assembly on

terrorism.

94. The Conference emphasized that terrorism continues to pose a threat to

international peace, security, and stability. It does not have any justification

and should be condemned unreservedly. Terrorism has no particular

religion, race, ethnic origin, nationality, or geographic region. In this regard,

any attempt to associate terrorism with any religion, especially with Islam,

would serve the interests of terrorists. It is not possible to combat terrorism

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effectively without international solidarity and cooperation. The

international community should therefore agree to a common and

consistent approach in identifying, defining, condemning, isolating, and

punishing all terrorists and their supports. Due to the transnational nature

of terrorism, the efforts to combat it should be carried out on a global scale.

The United Nations is the main forum to promote international counterterrorism

cooperation. Full compliance with the provisions of the UN

Security Council resolutions and international conventions on combating

terrorism is vitally important. Moreover, the conference rejected politically

motivated attempts to unjustly associate Islam or any Muslim country with

terrorism.

95. The Conference took note of the adoption of the United Nations Global

Counter-Terrorism Strategy and called for a review mechanism to provide a

comprehensive strategy which duly takes into account the root causes of

terrorism and draws a distinction between terrorism and the struggle for

the right of self-determination by people under foreign occupation and

colonial or alien domination. The Conference recognized that foreign

occupation, state terrorism, political, and economic injustice, and denial of

the right of self-determination to people are the main root causes of

terrorism. The Conference recognized that a time-structured approach,

envisaging short-, medium-, and long-term objectives, to the

implementation of the strategy could best accommodate the contentious

issues related to the strategy.

96. The Conference also reaffirmed its determination to make every effort to

reach an agreement and conclude a comprehensive convention on

international terrorism, including by resolving the outstanding issues

related to the legal definition of terrorism and scope of acts covered by the

convention, so that it can serve as an effected instrument to counter

terrorism.

97. The Conference reiterated its support and endorsement of the proposal of

the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah Ibn Abdulaziz, to

set up an International Counter-Terrorism Center (Riyadh, February 2005),

stating that the eradication of terrorism will only ever be possible through a

coordinated international effort and cooperation. It invited the United

Nations to create the Center in order to facilitate the exchange of

information and expertise and coordination between States to closely

monitor and control the movement of terrorist organizations and elements.

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98. The Conference expressed its thanks and appreciation to H.E. Zine El-

Abidine Ben Ali, President of the Republic of Tunisia, for having graciously

adopted under his eminent patronage the “International Conference on

Terrorism: Dimensions, Threats, and Counter-Measures”, which was held in

Tunis on 15-17 November 2007 and was organized in conjunction with the

United Nations, the OIC, and ISESCO. The Conference also welcomed with

appreciation the initiative of H.E. Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali, President of the

Republic of Tunisia, which called for the convening of an international

conference under UN auspices in order to evolve an international strategy

for combating terrorism, remedy its causes, and elaborate a Code of Ethics

in this connection drawing on the Final Declaration adopted by the Tunis

Conference.

99. The Conference, while reaffirming the resolve of Member States to

contribute actively towards a world order based on peace, justice, and

equality, stressing the inherent right of Member States to self-defense, in

accordance with Article (51) of the UN Charter as well as their right,

individually and collectively, to maintain their national security,

sovereignty, and territorial integrity, and reaffirming the importance of

promoting confidence, cooperation, and solidarity among the Member

States, expressed its deep concern at the continued threats to the security of

Member States, and reaffirmed their determination to vigorously oppose

foreign domination, threat, aggression, alien occupation, coercion,

intimidation, and pressure against all Member States. It approved the

Principles and Guidelines for the Promotion of Dialogue, Cooperation, and

Confidence among the OIC Member States and called on all Member States

to observe the provisions of this document in their international relations.

The Conference reiterated that the security of each Muslim country is the

concern of all Muslim countries and expressed its firm determination to

strengthen the security of Member States through cooperation and

solidarity among them, in accordance with the OIC and UN Charters. It

further rejected categorically any attempt to misinterpret the provisions of

the UN Charter, in contradiction to the principles of international law,

concerning the sovereignty, political independence, and territorial integrity

of States, non-use of force or threat of use of force in international relations,

peaceful settlement of disputes, non-intervention, and non-interference in

the internal affairs of States and reaffirmed that respect for these principles

is an essential prerequisite for the security of all, including Muslim States.

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Humanitarian Issues

100. The Conference recalled the need to pursue the process of the convening, in

cooperation with the UNHCR, of the OIC Ministerial Conference on the

situation of Refugees in the Muslim Countries.

101. The Conference invited the OIC General Secretariat to pursue its

humanitarian activities in Member States upon their request and to give

increasing attention to protecting the most vulnerable social groups; and

expressed satisfaction with the humanitarian activities undertaken so far.

102. The Conference called upon all Member States to channel some of their

humanitarian assistance under the OIC umbrella in order to demonstrate

the spirit of solidarity and enhance joint Islamic action; and endorsed the

convening of a special pledging session for OIC humanitarian initiatives

during Heads of State Summits or Ministerial Conferences.

103. The Conference, being aware of the importance of emergency humanitarian

assistance in times of natural disasters and other crises and conscious of the

fact that effective humanitarian response may be better achieved, including

through a working cooperation of states and humanitarian nongovernmental

organizations, urged the international community to act in

solidarity and partnership in the field of humanitarian assistance, through a

sustainable and collective strategy aimed at building a safer world, saving

human lives, and protecting the environment.

104. The Conference welcomed H.E. President Abdoulaye WADE’s initiative to

hold the first conference of humanitarian and charity organizations in Saly

Portudal from 7 to 9 March 2008. It commended the measures taken and the

proposals contained in the Final Communiqué on boosting humanitarian

action and institutionalizing partnership relations between the Organization

of the Islamic Conference (OIC) and humanitarian and charity

organizations. It also called for sustained efforts to organize humanitarian

and charity action under the umbrella of the OIC and mandated the

Secretary-General to enhance the OIC’s humanitarian role and achieve the

objectives defined under the Ten-Year Programme of Action.

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Human Rights and Legal Affairs

105. The Conference emphasized that it was important to follow up and

coordinate work in the area of human rights in Islam among Member States,

and affirmed that these rights, by nature, are universal. It stressed that it

was important for the international community to treat questions of human

rights objectively and as indivisible. It called for drafting the “Islamic

Covenant on Human Rights” and the “Covenant on Women’s Right in

Islam”, and for finalizing the drafting of the “Islamic Covenant on the

Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination”. It emphasized that the

possibility of establishing an independent body to promote human rights in

Member States should continue to be considered so that, upon

establishment, the body can supervise the drafting of the covenants. The

Conference welcomed the proposal to establish the post of the OIC High

Commissioner on Human Rights and instructed the General Secretariat to

prepare the draft terms of reference and financial implications and present

them to the next ICFM.

106. The Conference stressed its support of the Human Rights Council as a

subsidiary body of the UN General Assembly that seeks to promote and

consolidate human rights and defend fundamental freedoms. It called upon

all Muslim States to seize the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration

on Human Rights in order to present and highlight the concept of human

rights from a Muslim perspective. It urged Member States to take initiatives

within the UN system, following the example of the Moroccan initiative

relating to the UN Declaration on Human Rights Education and Training

adopted by the Human Rights Council in 2007.

107. The Conference commended the efforts of the Secretary-General through his

visit to Geneva, Switzerland, in the period from 12 to 15 March 2007, his

address to the meeting of the Human Rights Council, and his intense

consultations with the officials and representatives of various countries and

international organizations on human rights issues. It commended the

valuable efforts of the OIC Open-ended Working Group on human rights

and humanitarian matters at the United Nations Office in Geneva to protect

the interests of the Muslim countries. It called on Member States to pursue

coordination positively and cooperation among themselves in the area of

human rights, particularly at international forums, and to unite their

positions at the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva on issues

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of concern to the Muslim world as a whole, while taking into account the

specificities of each Member State.

108. The Conference recognized the need for an institutionalized cooperation

among the judiciaries of the Member States, including inter alia, their

constant consultations at the regional and international levels and fora, with

a view to coordinating their common positions and achieving common

interests, particularly in the process of progressive development and

codification of international law. By welcoming the convening of the First

Conference of the Heads of the Judiciary of Muslim Countries, in Tehran, on

4-6 December, 2007, the Conference took note of its recommendations to

establish the Cooperative of Cooperation of the Judiciaries of the Muslim

Countries in Tehran and entrusting an Open-Ended Intergovernmental

Group of Legal Experts with formulating and finalizing its Statute for

submission to the next Conference of the Heads of the Judiciary of the

Muslim Countries, for consideration and adoption; and invited all Member

States to actively participate in this process.

109. The Conference endorsed the Report and Declaration of the First

Conference of Muslim Countries’ Police Chiefs held in Isfahan, Islamic

Republic of Iran, from 15 to 17 May 2006. The Conference took note of the

convening of the meeting of experts on 22-23 October 2007 in Baku,

Azerbaijan, in preparation for the next OIC Conference of the Heads of

Law-Enforcement Agencies, and expressed its support for the initiative of

the Republic of Azerbaijan to hold this conference in the first half of 2009 in

Baku.

110. The Conference expressed its appreciation of the efforts exerted by the

Secretary-General in the process of amending the Charter, in

implementation of the decision contained in the OIC Ten-Year Programme

of Action adopted by the Third Extraordinary Session of the Islamic Summit

Conference held in Mecca Al-Mukarramah on 7-8 December 2005.

111. The Conference exhorted Member States, as a matter of urgency, to sign and

ratify the conventions concluded within the framework of the Organization

of the Islamic Conference; commended the efforts of the Secretary-General

in the area of cooperation between the OIC and other regional and

international organizations; and encouraged him to sign more cooperation

agreements and Memoranda of Understanding with them, with the

approval of the ICFM.

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112. The Conference, by recalling the prominent place of Man in Islam as Allah’s

vicegerent on earth and hence the paramount importance attached by

Muslim thought to the promotion of human rights, and expressing its deep

concern over attempts to exploit the issue of Human Rights to discredit the

principles and provisions of Islamic Sharia and to interfere in the affairs of

Muslim States, emphasized that human rights should be addressed on an

objective and indivisible basis, without selectivity or discrimination. It

further reaffirmed the right of States to adhere to their religious, social, and

cultural specificities, and called for abstaining from using the universality of

human rights as a pretext to interfere in the internal affairs of States and

undermining their national sovereignty. It also endorsed the right of every

State to express reservations on international instruments on Human Rights,

as part of their sovereign rights; and called upon Member States to continue

their active coordination and cooperation in the field of human rights

particularly in the relevant international fora to face any attempt to use

human rights as a means of political pressure on any Member State. It called

for adopting a unified position among Member States vis-à-vis campaigns

and draft resolutions that target OIC Member States in those fields.

113. The Conference further expressed its deep concern over the recurrent and

misguided association of Islam with violations of human rights, and

expressed deep concern over any activities that use them to attack OIC

Member States for political purposes. It emphasized the need to face the

growing attempts to create a new form of hegemony of the one culture,

through which the industrialized countries seek to impose their values,

opinions, and lifestyles on developing countries, to the detriment, and at the

expanse of effacing cultural identities, and in this regard, it welcomed the

establishment of "the NAM Center for Human Rights and Cultural

Diversity" in Tehran.

114. The Conference also appreciated the activities of the Intergovernmental

Group of Experts (IGGE) on the follow-up of the Cairo Declaration on

Human Rights in Islam and its sub-committee and called upon them to

continue their activities in developing "the Islamic Charter on Human

Rights" and the Islamic Covenants on human rights issues in accordance

with Resolution No. 60/27-P; and requested the Member States to ratify the

Covenant on the Rights of the Child in Islam as soon as possible.

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Economic Issues

115. The Conference emphasized the need to make optimal use of the Muslim

world’s economic, human, and natural resources to promote trade and

economic cooperation among Member States.

116. The Conference highlighted the significance of increasing the share of the

global trade between Member States as well as with other nations. The

Conference, therefore, recognized the importance of developing

infrastructure, establishment of trade linkages, and networking in financial

services, shipping, and aviation among Member States, as well as creating

an enabling environment for this purpose.

117. The Conference welcomed the decision to form a special committee of the

States concerned, the OIC Member States, the IDB, and the OIC with the

aim of launching the executive steps of an important developmental project,

namely the railway line project to link Dakar and Port Sudan.

118. The Conference, taking into consideration the growing interdependence of

national economies and significance of energy flow, reiterated the

importance of cooperation for the diversification of energy sources and

transport routes, and called for better dialogue between consumer and

exporter countries.

119. The Conference stressed the role of the private sector in providing impetus

to intra-OIC economic, commercial, and trade relations, and to that effect

invited Member States to encourage representatives of their respective

private sector to assume a pro-active and inter-active role.

120. The Conference expressed its conviction that the achievement of a higher

level of economic and commercial cooperation among Member States

would provide the necessary basis for a gradual progression towards

greater economic integration leading to the ultimate objective of an Islamic

Common Market.

121. The Conference called upon the developed countries to implement further

liberalization of trade through increased access to their markets for the

products and services of developing and Least Developed Countries

(LDCs). The Conference encouraged Member States to ensure enhanced

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market accessibility for the products of the Least Developed Countries

(LDCs) of the OIC.

122. The Conference noted the lack of progress in the Doha Development

Rounds of the WTO and reiterated its appeal to the WTO to make the

development dimension central and integral to all WTO process and

conclude the Development Rounds at the earliest.

123. The Conference expressed its concern over widespread poverty in the

developing countries, particularly the LDCs, leading to their further

marginalization in the global economy. It further reaffirmed the common

objective of Member States of eradicating poverty by the end of the next

decade as well as the need to incorporate micro-credit programme in the

strategy of poverty eradication.

124. The Conference, being aware of the fact that it is the collective responsibility

of the international community to commit itself to the goals of eradicating

poverty, providing food security, and preventing hunger; achieving

economic growth; and promoting sustainable development, and noting

with concern that the Least Developed Countries (LDCs) face special

difficulties in responding to the major challenges of globalization to ensure

that it becomes a positive force for all, commended the governments of the

LDCs in their efforts to strengthen their policies for developing their

productive capacities, to improve governance, together with their macroeconomic

performances, and for their achievements through structural

reforms, trade liberalization, and privatization.

125. The Conference reiterated the need for open, equitable, rule-based,

predictable, and non-discriminatory multilateral trading and financial

systems that benefit all countries in the pursuit of sustainable development,

particularly the LDCs. It strongly urged the international community to

assist and support the LDCs in order to promote economic growth and

sustainable development, to build and enhance human and institutional

capacities, and eradicate poverty.

126. The Conference reiterated its support and encouragement of national and

regional initiatives in the field of human development, such as the

Moroccan Initiative for Human Development, aimed at combating poverty

and vulnerability and enhancing the social and living standards of most

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disadvantaged groups within the context of achieving the Millennium

Development Goals.

127. The Conference welcomed the successful conclusion of the first and second

rounds of the Trade Preferential System among the OIC Member States

(TPSOIC), trade negotiations which produced the Protocol on Preferential

Tariffs Scheme (PRETAS) and the TPSOIC Rules of Origin to be

operationalized by 1st January 2009 and expressed its appreciation to the

Republic of Turkey for hosting this round. It also encouraged the Member

States that have not yet done so to sign and/or ratify the TPSOIC

Framework Agreement, PRETAS, and the TPSOIC Rules of Origin at their

earliest convenience in 2008.

128. The Conference welcomed the signing of the Protocol on the Preferential

Tariffs Scheme (PRETAS) by eleven Trade Negotiating Committee (TNC)

Member States, namely Bangladesh, Cameroon, Egypt, Guinea, Jordan,

Malaysia, Pakistan, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates,

and welcomed its ratification by Jordan, Malaysia, and Pakistan.

129. The Conference recognized the need for special efforts to tackle poverty in

many OIC Least Developed Member Countries, particularly in Africa, and

to address issues related to food security, water and sanitation, basic health,

and education, as well as infrastructure and clean environment.

130. The Conference paid tribute to donor OIC Member States for their

contribution to the development efforts of the less developed Member

States and exhorted them, within the spirit of the Ten-Year Programme of

Action, to take the necessary measures for the debt relief of African

countries, in order to help them tackle the serious problems relating to

economic development, competitiveness, and sustainable development.

131. The Conference lauded Malaysia’s initiative to establish a Capacity-

Building Programme aimed at poverty alleviation in less-developed and

low-income countries and welcomed the launching of the Programme on 29

March 2005 in Kuala Lumpur, by the Prime Minister of Malaysia, Dato’ Seri

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, with four pilot projects being implemented in the

first phase, each in Bangladesh, Mauritania, Sierra Leone, and Indonesia.

132. The Conference took note of the report submitted by H.E. President

Abdullah GÜL, President of the Republic of Turkey and Chairman of the

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Standing Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation of the OIC

(COMCEC), commended COMCEC for its key role in strengthening

economic and commercial cooperation among the Member States, especially

its role in enhancing intra-OIC trade, which showed a significant increase in

recent years; appreciated the commendable stewardship of H.E. Abdullah

GÜL, the President of the Republic of Turkey and Chairman of the

COMCEC; and, in this regard, approved the COMCEC initiatives and

activities contained in its progress reports on enhancing its activities and

modes of operation, including establishing cooperation with relevant

international organizations.

133. The Conference welcomed capacity enhancement programme developed by

various OIC member countries and OIC Cotton Plan of Action adopted by

COMCEC and also the holding of the First OIC Forum on Enhancement and

Promotion of Trade and Investment in Cotton Sector, which was held in

Istanbul, Turkey, on 12-13 November 2007, and called upon the member

countries to support the OIC Cotton Plan of Action and deepen cooperation

in this important sub-sector.

134. The Conference welcomed the annual convening of the World Islamic

Economic Forum (WIEF), which evolved from the OIC Business Forum,

with the aim to strengthen business collaboration among Muslim

Businessmen throughout the world where ideas and business opportunities

could be exchanged. The Conference expressed satisfaction with the

outcome of the 3rd annual WIEF held from 27 to 29 May 2007 in Kuala

Lumpur and urged Member States to participate in the forthcoming Fourth

WIEF which will be held in Kuwait from 29 April to 1 May 2008.

135. The Conference commended the major role undertaken by the Islamic

Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ICCI) to reinforce Economic and

Trade Cooperation among Member Sates. Furthermore, it welcomed the

plans of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry and supported it as the

principal representative of the private sector in OIC Member States with

regard to values, Halal, and quality control. The Conference, likewise,

expressed its appreciation for the pioneering leadership of the Chamber’s

Chairman. Furthermore, the Conference underlined the urgent need for the

speedy implementation of the Chamber’s Plan of Action to consolidate

economic and trade cooperation among Member States. It urged all Muslim

governments to facilitate the procedures for activating its mechanisms.

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136. The Conference commended Malaysia for hosting, in collaboration with

ICCI and IDB, the International Zakat Conference in Kuala Lumpur on 28

November 2006 and welcomed its outcomes.

137. The Conference extended thanks to the Member States which have

announced contributions to the resources of the Islamic Solidarity Fund for

Development (ISFD), with special appreciation to the Custodian of the Two

Holy Mosques, King Abdullah Ibn Abdulaziz Al Saud of Saudi Arabia, for

his generous pledge of USD 1 billion, to the State of Kuwait for its pledge of

USD 300 million, to the Government of Islamic Republic of Iran for its

pledge of USD 100 million, the State of Qatar for its pledge of USD 50

million, to Algeria for its pledge of USD 50 million, and to the other

countries that have pledged respective contributions, and urged all the

Member States which have not yet contributed to the Fund to do so, in

order to meet the target of USD 10 billion by the end of 2009 and at least

USD 6.0 billion by the end of 2008 so that the Fund can implement its

programmes.

138. The Conference welcomed the setting up of a Special Program for the

Development of Africa (SPDA) as yet another fundamental step in

implementing the mandates of the Ten-Year POA; expressed its

appreciation for the laudable efforts and crucial role of the Islamic

Development Bank (IDB) in this regard; and thanked the Government of the

Republic of Senegal for hosting the Ministerial Meeting on the SPDA, held

in Dakar, on 22-23 January 2008.

139. The Conference applauded the IDB pivotal role in financing development

projects in Africa and invited the Chairman of the 11th Session of the OIC

Summit, in collaboration with the OIC General Secretariat, the IDB, and

representatives of African OIC Member States, in order to ensure

coordination with a view to achieving effective implementation of the IDB

Special Programme for the Development of Africa, in accordance with the

relevant resolutions of the Third Extraordinary Islamic Summit Conference

held in Mecca Al-Mukarramah in December 2005, and adopt appropriate

measures to drum up maximum support and mobilize more funds for the

Islamic Solidarity Fund for Development.

140. The Conference welcomed the initiative of the Governments of Cameroon

and Burkina Faso to organize sub-regional fora for Central and West Africa

on the implementation of the Special Programme for the Development of

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Africa (SPDA) and invited the OIC, and its institutions and Member States

to extend their support for the success of the meeting.

141. The Conference welcomed the outcome of the First OIC Anti-Corruption

and Enhancing Integrity Forum held on 28-30 August 2006 in Kuala

Lumpur and the follow-up Meeting of the Ad-Hoc Task Force held from 9

to 11 January 2007 also in Kuala Lumpur, which, inter alia, examined

adequate mechanisms to increase cooperation among Member States in

order to combat elements of corruption, promote good governance, and

increase transparency and accountability among Member States.

142. The Conference, by recalling the provisions of international law, according

to which no State may use or encourage the use of economic, political, or

any other type of measures in order to coerce another State to surrender the

exercise of its sovereign rights and bearing in mind the relevant OIC, UN,

and WTO resolutions, which reject unilateral extraterritorial coercive

economic measures as they are unjust and oppressive and constitute a

blatant violation of international law, and call for their immediate

revocation, expressed its deep concern over the imposition of unilateral

economic measures on some OIC Member States. By condemning and

rejecting all types of unilateral coercive measures, the Conference

considered them as null and void and declared its strong solidarity with the

targeted Member States. It called on the States imposing unilateral economic

sanctions to repeal all existing measures immediately and called upon all

Member States to consider the adoption of administrative or legislative

measures, as appropriate, to counter the extraterritorial application of

unilateral coercive measures. The Conference further invited the

Intergovernmental Group of Experts (IGGE) on Unilateral Economic

Sanctions to hold a meeting in 2008 in order to elaborate adequate means to

counter them and to formulate a Model Law for submission to the next

session of the ICFM for consideration and appropriate decision thereon.

143. The Conference expressed its concern over the negative impact of economic

sanctions in the field of human rights, development, trade, and investment,

as they are major obstacles to the implementation of the Declaration on the

Right to Development, and by recalling common Article (1) of the

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International

Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, which stipulates, inter

alia, that in no case may a people be deprived of its own means of

subsistence, urged all States to refrain from adopting or implementing

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economic and financial sanctions, since they are in contradiction with the

full realization of the rights set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human

Rights and other international human rights instruments, in particular the

right of individuals and peoples to development. It also reaffirmed that

economic and financial measures should not be used as tools for political

coercion.

144. The Conference underscored the special needs of the LDC Member States

towards implementing the OIC Ten-Year Programme of Action with respect

to the poverty alleviation programme and called on the General Secretariat

to coordinate its efforts with the relevant OIC and international institutions

with a view to achieving the objectives of the Programme in this domain,

with particular reference to the need to ensure additional support for

development and poverty alleviation in the LDC Member States.

145. The Conference welcomed the launching of the Islamic Solidarity Fund for

Development (ISFD) in Dakar, Senegal, on 29-30 May 2007, as a major step

of high importance within the implementation of the mandate and vision of

the Ten-Year POA in alleviating poverty in the Member States in conformity

with the mechanism adopted by the IDB Board of Governors.

146. The Conference welcomed the granting to the IDB of observer status at the

United Nations in recognition of its support of developing countries.

147. The Conference expressed deep concern over the socio-economic crisis

brought about by the fifteen-year long suspension of cooperation by the

Republic of Togo’s traditional partners and by the natural disasters that

struck the northern and south-eastern parts of the country. The Conference

invited the Member States and the IDB through the Islamic Solidarity Fund

for Development to extend economic and financial assistance to this

country.

148. The Conference, while emphasizing the need to strengthen economic and

commercial cooperation among the Member States, considered the

establishment of the Trade Preferential System among the OIC Member

States and the creation of economic regional groupings among them, as a

positive step towards the realization of an Islamic Common Market and

requested COMCEC to coordinate the relevant efforts of OIC institutions

and centers.

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Science and Technology

149. The Conference urged the international community to address issues

pertaining to the ecology, which is of vital importance to the survival of

mankind, and stressed the need for cooperation and adoption of effective

measures to protect the environment, which is essential for the sustainable

development of Member States.

150. The Conference welcomed the adoption of the Bali Plan of Action at the UN

Climate Change Conference held in Bali, Indonesia, in December 2007, and

the decision to launch a comprehensive process to enable the full, effective,

and sustained implementation of the United Nations Framework

Convention on Climate Change up to and beyond 2012, provided that this

process shall be conducted by an Ad-Hoc Working Group (AWG) on Longterm

Cooperative Action under the Convention, that shall complete its work

in 2009. The conference also hoped that the Ad-Hoc Working Group under

the Kyoto Protocol also would complete its work on time based on its

mandate.

151. The Conference expressed optimism that the AWG, in the course of the next

two years, will, as appropriate, consider, among others, deeper and

comprehensive cuts in emissions of greenhouse gases by the advanced

industrialized countries and reach an agreement, before the Conference of

Parties, COP 15, meeting in Copenhagen in 2009, upholding the principle of

“common and differentiated responsibility”.

152. The Conference recognized the critical importance of technology transfers

and financing to support the adaptation efforts of the most vulnerable

group of countries, including that of the Least Developed Countries (LDCs),

the Small Island Developing States (SIDS), and the low-lying coastal

countries.

153. The Conference encouraged the Member States to consider working

together, to the maximum extent possible, in future negotiations on climate

change issues, taking into account the special needs of the most vulnerable

group of countries.

154. Following the adoption of Vision 1441 during the 10th Islamic Summit

Conference, the Conference welcomed the establishment of the OIC Task

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Force on Vision 1441 consisting of the OIC General Secretariat, the Islamic

Development Bank (IDB), the Standing Committee on Scientific and

Technological Cooperation (COMSTECH), the Islamic Scientific,

Educational, and Cultural Organization (ISESCO), the Islamic Academy of

Sciences (IAS), Islamic Chamber of Commerce and Industry (ICCI), and the

Representative of the OIC Summit Chairman. In this regard, the Conference

commended the report of the Fourth Meeting of the OIC Working Group on

Vision 1441 in Science and Technology, which is chaired by Malaysia, and

called upon the OIC Member States and all OIC institutions to give full

support for the implementation of the Strategic Plan of Action to implement

Vision 1441 as well as support towards the full implementation of the Early

Harvest Programme.

155. The Conference urged all OIC Member States and the relevant OIC

institutions, to cooperate and collaborate on expediting the implementation

of Mega and Early Harvest Projects for common interests, joint design, joint

manufacturing and common marketing of specific commercialized

products.

156. The Conference welcomed the initiative to undertake the project on

preparing an Atlas of Muslim World Innovation in collaboration with

DEMOS and Nature, in order to look into the relationships between science,

innovation, faith, culture, and politics; identify new opportunities for

collaboration between scientists, policymakers, and companies in the

Muslim world and the West; and create new networks for the exchange of

ideas, policies, and good practices, both within the Muslim world, and

between the Muslim world and the West; and requested the IDB to consider

providing financial support for this project.

157. The Conference applauded the activities of the Islamic University of

Technology (IUT) in Gazipur, Dhaka, and urged it to continue its efforts to

mobilize the human resources required by the Member States in the field of

science and technology. The Conference further urged Member States and

other financial institutions to extend voluntarily financial assistance to the

students and to the University.

158. The Conference commended the measures taken by the Board of Trustees of

the Islamic University of Niger (IUN) for the development of the university;

extended its thanks to the Islamic Solidarity Fund (ISF) for its continued

support of the University; and urged the Member States to donate and

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support the University and its projects, in particular, the Girl Students

Colleges Compound and the University Waqf Project in Niamey.

159. The Conference extended its thanks to H.R.H. Prince Sultan Ibn Abdul Aziz

for his donation of USD 1 million for the University Waqf in Niamey and

also extended its thanks to His Highness Sheikh Doctor Sultan Ibn

Mohammed Al-Qassimi, Member of the Supreme Council of the United

Arab Emirates and Governor of Sharjah, for dedicating all the proceeds of

one building in Sharjah as a Waqf for the benefit of the Islamic University in

Niger (IUN).

160. The Conference commended the measures taken by the Board of Trustees of

the Islamic University of Uganda (IUU) for its sustained efforts for the

development of quality education and registered its thanks to the

Government of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for its generosity in donating

USD 8.5 million for the establishment of King Fahd Plaza in Kampala as a

Waqf. The Conference also thanked H.E. the President of Uganda for

allocation of a plot of prime land on which the Plaza was built and for the

additional 10 acres recently granted to the University as a second Waqf.

161. The Conference thanked the Islamic Solidarity Fund (ISF) for granting USD

4.0 million in order to acquire new premises in Kampala dedicated for Girls’

Campus and urged Member States and OIC affiliated institutions, in

particular the IDB, to extend funding for the second Waqf project.

162. The Conference supported the strengthening of the COMSTECH Secretariat

to implement the decisions and resolutions adopted by the Islamic Summit

Conferences, Islamic Conference of Ministers of Foreign Affairs, and Islamic

Conferences of Ministers of Science, Technology, and Higher Education on

matters related to Science and Technology, as well as the decisions and

recommendations adopted by COMSTECH. The Conference appealed to the

Member States of COMSTECH Secretariat and institutions concerned to

provide financial support for COMSTECH’s programmes and activities by

prompt and generous voluntary contributions.

163. The Conference recalled the Vision for the Muslim world to rededicate itself

to mastering science and technology in order to face the challenges of the

new global economy and stressed the need for cooperation and

coordination among all OIC Member States, the OIC institutions, and the

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OIC General Secretariat so as to fully implement the OIC Vision 1441 on

Science and Technology and the OIC Ten-Year Programme of Action.

164. The Conference welcomed the initiative of the Government of the Republic

of Senegal to host science and technology events on the sidelines of the 11th

OIC Summit Conference, particularly in organizing the Forum of Science,

Technology, and Innovation in Africa in preparation for the Panel on

Knowledge Sharing in the Muslim Ummah and took cognizance of the

recommendations adopted by the Forum.

165. The Conference urged the Joint Committee of the OIC General Secretariat

and the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) to continue its coordination in

consultation with the Member States to make the necessary contacts so as to

draw maximum benefits from the World Health Organization and other

relevant institutions and to draw up a draft programme for combating

diseases and epidemics, to be financed through the special fund to be

created within the IDB.

166. The Conference called upon the OIC Member States and the international

community to further take note of ecological problems of the Aral Sea and

Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Range and to extend technological, financial,

and other voluntary support in order to resolve these ecological disasters.

167. The Conference welcomed the Tunis Declaration on International Solidarity

and the Fight against Climate Change, adopted by the Conference on

International Solidarity to develop strategies for combating climate change

in Africa and the Mediterranean region held in Tunis from 18 to 20

November 2007. The Conference demanded that combating climate change

and adaptation thereto be placed high on the list of priorities of the

international community, national authorities, and civil society, and

stressed the need to strengthen south-south and north-south cooperation,

while facilitating the transfer of information, expertise, and exchanges, and

to develop and strengthen mechanisms for more effective cooperation with

a view to enhancing the integration of African States and their adaptation to

climate changes and to mobilize all the necessary financial resources in

order to develop an alleviation and adaptation strategy in parallel with the

appropriate working plans.

168. The Conference, in recalling the resolutions of the Organization,

emphasized the importance of cooperation among Member States in

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controlling sexually-transmitted diseases and in particular HIV/AIDS. It

affirmed the importance of observing noble Islamic teachings and values, in

particular the central character of the family in Islam as the building block

of society and as a decisive and crucial factor in preventing and combating

of these diseases. In this context, the Conference called upon the Member

States to explore ways and means of identifying possible joint strategies and

modalities thereof towards combating such diseases.

169. The Conference expressed its appreciation to Malaysia for hosting the

Islamic Conference of Health Ministers in Kuala Lumpur from 12 to 15 June

2007, which focused on issues relating to vaccines for preventable diseases

and production in OIC Member Countries in line with the Ten-Year POA.

Information and the Media

170. The Conference took note of the progress achieved on the restructuring

process of the International Islamic News Agency (IINA) and the Islamic

Broadcasting Organization (ISBO), whose name has been changed into the

Islamic Broadcasting Union (ISBU). The Conference also took note of the

appointment of a new Director-General of IINA in order to manage the

agency and supervise its restructuring process in coordination with the

General Secretariat. It also expressed its gratitude to the IDB for consenting

to fund the restructuring studies of IINA and ISBU.

171. The Conference commended the decision by H.E. President Maitre

Abdoulaye WADE, President of the Republic of Senegal and Chairman of

the Standing Committee for Information and Cultural Affairs (COMIAC), to

set up a National Permanent Secretariat for COMIAC in Dakar, which will

contribute to fostering the role of the media in Member States in order to

present the true image, diversity, and pluralism of the Muslim world,

safeguard the values and interests of the Ummah, and interact effectively

with the international mass media. It called on OIC Member States,

subsidiary, specialized, and affiliated institutions to render moral and

financial support to COMIAC's National Permanent Secretariat in order to

enable it to carry out its programmes and activities properly.

172. The Conference welcomed the vision and t efforts of H.E Maitre Abdoulaye

WADE, President of the Republic of Senegal, which led to the establishment

of the Digital Solidarity Fund (DSF) on 14 March 2005 and urged OIC

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Member States, which have yet to join the global Digital Solidarity Fund

(DSF) to do so, contribute to its financing, and to apply the "1% digital

solidarity principle”. It requested each OIC Member State to establish a

national board for digital solidarity so as to monitor implementation of the

Tunis Declaration on the Information Society.

173. The Conference, in commending the active participation of the Member

States in the World Summit on the Information Society and taking note of

the follow-up activities of the Summit at international, regional, and

national levels, reaffirmed that in order to transform the digital divide to

digital opportunities, these activities should secure the prerequisite

imperative of universal, inclusive, and non-discriminatory access to

Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), information, and

knowledge, and should result in supporting national efforts to develop

countries in the area of building, enhancing and strengthening capacities to

facilitate their genuine involvement in all aspects of the information society

and knowledge economy. It encouraged the Member States to contribute

actively to ensuring that the Information Society is founded on, and

stimulates respect for cultural identity, cultural and linguistic diversity,

traditions and religions, and ethical values; underlined the conclusion of the

World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) that governance of the

Internet constitutes a core issue of the Information Society agenda and that

all governments should have an equal role and responsibility for

international Internet governance; and invited the Member States to

maximize their participation in decisions regarding Internet governance to

reflect their interests in related processes.

Dawa Affairs

174. The Conference paid tribute to the role played by the Committee for the

Coordination of Joint Islamic Action in the Field of Dawa (CCJIA) in

coordinating the activities of governmental and non-governmental Muslim

organizations and institutions. It welcomed the recommendation adopted

by the 15th Session of CCJIA, which was held in Cairo from 30 January to 1

February 2008, to entrust a task force to be formed from Muslim

organizations and institutions operating under the banner of CCJIA with

developing adequate modalities to streamline their participation in the

implementation of the OIC Ten-Year Programme of Action (POA).

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175. The Conference stressed the importance of incorporating the Islamic Joint

Action Strategy in the Field of Dawa within the national policies adopted by

the Member States in education, upbringing, information, Islamic Dawa,

and other fields, as a source of inspiration to guide them in the area of joint

Islamic action.

Cultural and Social Affairs

176. The Conference expressed its deep concern at the systematically negative

stereotyping of Muslims, Islam, and other divine religions and, by

denouncing categorically the overall surge in intolerance and discrimination

against Muslim minorities in non-Muslim countries, in particular in the

West, affirmed the firm determination of Member States to combat

Islamophobia, which constitutes an affront to human dignity and runs

counter to international human rights instruments. It strongly condemned

the publication of offensive caricatures of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH), as

well as all the inappropriate remarks made about Islam and Prophet

Mohamed (PBUH), under the pretext of freedom of expression and the

press, and stressed the need to prevent the abuse of freedom of expression

and the press for insulting Islam and other divine religions, calling upon

Member States, to take all appropriate measures to consider all acts,

whatever they may be, which defame Islam as heinous acts that require

punishment. In this regard, the Conference called for enhanced dialogue

activities to combat Islamophobia as already conducted by a number of OIC

Member States, such as the initiatives implemented by Indonesia in the

annual Inter-media Dialogue, since 2006 in conjunction with the

Government of Norway, and the Regional Interfaith Youth Camp for the

Asia-Pacific Region in 2008.

177. The Conference strongly condemned the publication of offensive,

provocative, irresponsible, and blasphemous caricatures of the Prophet

Mohamed (Peace Be Upon Him) in the media of some western countries.

The Conference authorized the Secretary-General to constitute a Group of

Experts to develop the draft of a legally-binding international instrument to

promote respect for all religions and cultural values and prevent

discrimination and instigation of hatred vis-à-vis the followers of any

religion.

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178. The Conference emphasized its strong support of the initiative of His

Majesty King Mohammed VI of the Kingdom of Morocco calling for

developing an international charter that defines appropriate standards and

rules for exercising the right of freedom of expression and opinion, and the

obligation to respect religions symbols and sanctities as well as spiritual

values and beliefs.

179. The Conference congratulated Malaysia’s initiative to host two events in

2006 and 2007 in Kuala Lumpur with the objective of promoting religion

and tolerance between Muslims and non-Muslims, namely the Conference

on “Who Speaks for Islam/Who Speaks for the West”, 10-11 February 2006,

and the Forum on “Islam and the West: Bridging the Gap”, on 15 June 2007,

in line with the Putrajaya Declaration of the 10th OIC Summit as well as the

OIC Ten-Year Programme of Action, which stressed the need for the OIC

and other international organizations to engage in high-level dialogue in

order to promote cooperation and understanding among different cultures

and religions and ethnic groups from all over the world. The Conference

also paid special tribute to the Prime Minister of Malaysia, Dato’ Seri

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi, for the timely and important initiative on “Islam

Hadhari” (Civilizational Islam). It also encouraged Member States to

organize similar events in their respective countries. The Conference

welcomed the convening of the OIC Conference on the Role of Media in the

Development of Tolerance and Mutual Understanding held on 26-28 April

2007, in Baku, Azerbaijan, and expressed its support for follow-up action to

that end.

180. The Conference, by recognizing the need to further institutionalize

cooperation among Member States to effectively combat Islamophobia,

requested for the preparation of a draft comprehensive strategy to combat

Islamophobia for submission to the ICFM for consideration and adoption. It

welcomed and endorsed in this regard the elements prepared by the OIC

Group in New York for a strategy to combat Islamophobia, envisaging a

series of specific actions by the OIC at the international and national levels.

It further emphasized the need to develop legally-binding international

instrument to prevent intolerance, discrimination, prejudice, and hatred on

the grounds of religion and defamation of religions and to promote and

ensure the respect of all religions; and, in this regard, encouraged the OIC

Group in Geneva, in order to pave the way for developing such an

instrument, to develop principles and ideas for inclusion in a draft universal

declaration to promote understanding and tolerance between different

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religions, prevent defamation of all religions, and ensure their respect, to be

formulated and submitted in future to the UN Human Rights Council for

consideration and adoption.

181. The Conference commended the OIC Ambassadorial Groups in New York

and Geneva for providing the OIC Strategy to combat Islamophobia and

urged the Observatory to incorporate the same in the recommendations of

its report.

182. The Conference invited the urgent attention of the Secretary-General of the

United Nations to the OIC Statement on Islamophobia adopted in New

York on 29 February 2008 forwarded to him by the Chair of the OIC Group

in New York on the grave concerns of the Muslim Ummah at the growing

intolerance and discrimination against Muslims, insults of Islam, and cases

of Islamophobia. It also requested the Secretary-General of the United

Nations to take immediate action as called for in the concluding paragraph

of the said OIC statement.

183. The Conference expressed its grave concern and anxiety at the threat to

Muslim cultural values and principles and discrimination and stereotyping

of Muslims caused by the growing wave of Islamophobia. It noted that as a

result, Muslims have become victims of manifestations of prejudice and

hatred. The Summit strongly condemned the continuing publication of

insulting caricatures and cartoons of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

and expressed grave concern over the initiatives undertaken by certain

radical politicians of European countries against building minarets in

mosques and making documentary film defiling the Holy Quran. It also

encouraged the OIC Member States to be pro-active in discouraging future

activities tarnishing the image of Islam. The Conference commended, with

appreciation, the initiative of State of the United Arab Emirates launched by

His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoom, Vice-President

and Prime Minister of the UAE, to build a museum of the Prophet

Mohammed (PBUH) in order to educate the world about his life and lasting

achievements, and to disseminate Islam’s message of peace, compassion,

and tolerance to all peoples of the world. The Conference commends the

Muslim World League (WML) for the establishment of an International

Centre for Advocacy and Awareness of the Noble Prophet Muhammad

(PBUH) and the creation of a global fund to this effect. It called upon

Muslim States and organizations to cooperate with the League in this

endeavor.

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184. The Conference strongly condemned the republication of the blasphemous

cartoons of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) by several Danish newspapers,

which it considered an outright abuse of the sanctity of freedom of

expression by insulting and making a mockery of the most sacred symbols

to more than 1.3 billion Muslims of the world and called on the Danish

Government to condemn the republication of the cartoons and to take

appropriate action against those involved in accordance with national laws

and international instruments that prohibit the defamation of religious

beliefs of others and provocative publications that can incite violence and

unrest in society. The Conference expressed its satisfaction at the timely

actions undertaken by the Observatory at the General Secretariat and the

Secretary-General personally through diplomatic contacts and demarches

and requested him to continue with his efforts to seek the cooperation of the

international community to counter Islamophobia. The Conference

congratulated the OIC Observatory under the leadership of the Secretary-

General on producing its report on Islamophobia. It considered the report

well-documented and that it has effectively highlighted and increased

awareness on the dangerous implications of Islamophobia and encouraged

the Observatory to continue with its dedicated action in countering the

phenomenon. The Conference welcomed the proposal to establish the post

of Special Representative of the OIC Secretary-General on Dialogue among

Civilizations and instructed the General Secretariat to prepare necessary

draft documents and present them to the next session of the ICFM.

185. The Conference commended the OIC Secretary-General for his on-going

efforts in interacting with the media to highlight the deep concerns of the

OIC and the Member States over the media campaigns against the religion

of Islam and Muslims and urged him to seize all opportunities and to use all

possible means to correct the misconceptions created by some foreign

media.

186. The Conference welcomed the initiative of Azerbaijan to organize in

cooperation with ISESCO and UNESCO the International Forum on

“Expanding the role of women in cross-cultural dialogue” to be held in

Baku, on 10-11 June 2008. The Conference also invited Member States to

actively participate in this Forum.

187. The Conference expressed its deep appreciation to the Great Jamahiriya for

hosting the Fifth Conference of Ministers of Culture under the motto

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“Renewing the Cultural policies of the Muslim world”, which was held in

Tripoli, in the Great Jamahiriya, on 23/11/2007; and expressed its satisfaction

with the provisions of the Final Communiqué of the Conference and with

the resolutions adopted by it within the context of Tripoli’s commitments to

renew the cultural policies of the Muslim world in implementation of the

provisions of the OIC Ten-Year Programme of Action.

188. The Conference welcomed the initiative of the Islamic Republic of Iran in

collaboration with ISESCO, on the convening of the International

Conference on the Role of Education, Science, Culture, and Communication

in consolidation of Islamic solidarity, held in Tehran, Islamic Republic of

Iran from 20 to 21 February 2008, which decided on the need to develop the

OIC strategy in this regard, with the active involvement of experts and

scholars from Member States.

189. The Conference welcomed the proposal of the Arab Republic of Egypt to

host the Second OIC Ministerial Conference on Women to be held during

the last ten days of November 2008.

190. The Conference highly praised the Secretary-General and the General

Secretariat for pursuing the Social and Cultural agenda of the OIC. It

expressed great satisfaction on the successful outcome of the First Islamic

Ministerial Conference on “Women’s Role in the Development of OIC

Member States”, held in Istanbul on 20-21 November 2006 and commended

the Republic of Turkey for the convening of this important Conference as a

way forward to increase the status of women among OIC Member States. It

also expressed its satisfaction at the various programmes undertaken for the

development of youth and children, including health, education, health

care, and youth and cultural exchanges, and congratulated the OIC

Subsidiary, Specialized, and Affiliated bodies, in particular ISESCO,

IRCICA, ICYF-DC, ISF, and the Islamic Sports Solidarity Federation (ISSF),

for the remarkable work and contribution in helping the pace of

implementation of the Ten-Year Programme of Action.

191. As mandated by the First Ministerial Conference on Women’s Role in the

Development of OIC Member States held in Istanbul, Turkey, on 20-21

November 2006, the Conference commended Malaysia for hosting the

Intergovernmental Group of Experts (IGGE) on the participation of Women

at the Decision-Making Level in the OIC Member States, which was

convened in Kuala Lumpur on 21-22 January 2008. To address the issues

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and challenges facing OIC Member States in enhancing the status of

women, particularly at the decision-making level, the IGGE adopted the

Kuala Lumpur Recommendations for the Enhancement of Women’s

Participation at the Decision-Making Level in OIC Member States.

192. The Conference welcomed the convening of the third OIC Conference on

“Women’s Role in Development” in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

193. The Conference noted that women and children are the most vulnerable

members of the societies during conflicts and wars as well as occupation

period and decided to proclaim October the 1st (the Anniversary of the

martyrdom of Mohammed Al-Durrah in Palestine) as the day of Islamic

solidarity with women and children victims of wars and occupation in the

Muslim world.

194. The Conference, being conscious of the need to build bridges between

societies, to promote dialogue and understanding, and to forge the

collective political will to combat intolerance and extremism, welcomed the

Alliance of Civilizations initiative launched by the Secretary-General of the

United Nations in 2005 under the co-sponsorship of the Prime Minister of

Spain and Turkey. It called on all countries and international organizations

to support the initiative by participating in its implementation process in

order to encourage greater cross-cultural understanding and to foster a

climate of mutual respect. The Conference further reiterated the wish of OIC

countries to contribute to understanding and dialogue among different

cultures of the world.

195. The Conference welcomed Kazakhstan’s initiative to host the Forum of the

Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Muslim and Western Countries under the

motto “Common World: Progress Through Diversity” as part of

Kazakhstan’s National Strategy within the framework of the Alliances of

Civilizations and of Kazakhstan’s contribution to this global movement and

urged the OIC Member States to actively participate in the said process.

196. The Conference appreciated the UN General Assembly resolution regarding

the announcement of year 2010 as the Year of the International

Rapprochement of Cultures, which seeks to promote religious and cultural

concord, harmony, and cooperation, reinforcing respect for each individual

culture or religion, and the need to protect holy places in pursuance of

international treaties.

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197. The Conference also took cognizance of the role of religious institutions, in

particular the International Islamic Fiqh Academy (IIFA) and those active in

the field of Proximity between the Muslim Schools of Thought, as well as

religious schools, universities, and research centers, in consolidating Islamic

unity; and emphasized the need for all Muslims to be awake, alert, and

vigilant enough to understand that any dispute among the followers of

different Islamic Schools of Thought harms the whole of the Muslim

Ummah and jeopardizes its unity. It condemned the sectarian violence

between followers of Islamic Schools of Thought in any part of the Muslim

world and affirmed that the lives, property, honor, and reputation of

Muslims are sacrosanct and that the inviolability of all Muslim houses of

worship has to be respected.

Administrative and Financial Affairs

198. The Conference urged Member States to pay their contributions regularly in

order to enable the Organization to fulfil the mandate and responsibilities

entrusted to it by the Conference of Foreign Ministers and the Islamic

Summit Conference.

199. The Conference, in recalling the resolutions on the budget of the General

Secretariat for the year 2008 adopted by the 36th Session of the Permanent

Finance Committee of the OIC (PFC), reaffirmed that in order to increase

efficiency and effectiveness of the OIC, ensuring timely payment of the

mandatory contributions by Member States, and avoiding arrears in

contributions, possible increases in the budget level shall be proposed in a

predictable, gradual, logical, and well-justified manner, within five-year

intervals.

200. The Conference requested the next Permanent Finance Committee (PFC)

meeting, to include in its agenda an item on “Examining the Existing Rules

of Procedure of the PFC” on the basis of the latter’s report.

Organic and Statutory Matters

201. The Conference unanimously decided to adopt the Amended OIC Charter

and commended the working groups which worked on the Review of the

Charter as well as the Secretary-General’s major contributions and

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sustained efforts in this process. It also exhorted the Member States to

urgently ratify the Charter as soon as possible within a maximum period of

six months of its adoption.

202. The Conference unanimously decided to renew the mandate of the

Secretary-General in accordance with Article XVI of the Amended OIC

Charter.

203. The Conference unanimously welcomed the offer made by the Arab

Republic of Egypt to host the 12th Session of the Islamic Summit Conference

in 2011 at a date to be determined in coordination with the OIC General

Secretariat.

204. The Conference took note and welcomed the offers of the Islamic Republic

of Iran, the Republic of Indonesia and the Republic of Turkey to host the 13th

Session of the Islamic Summit Conference in 2014.

205. The Conference and all OIC Member States expressed their appreciation to

the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah Ibn Abdul Aziz—

may Allah protect him—for the kind and generous donation of a large piece

of land located in the best and most beautiful corniche area of the city of

Jeddah for the building of the new Headquarters of the OIC, as well as for

his promise that the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia would assume all the

financial expenses pertaining to the construction of the new Headquarters

as a new civilizational façade of the Organization in the Kingdom of Saudi

Arabia, land of divine revelation and the Qiblah of all Muslims.

206. At the close of the pledging session, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

announced its donation of USD 30 million in favor of the OIC and its

Subsidiary Organs; the State of Kuwait its donation of USD 3 million; the

State of Qatar its donation of USD 1 million to be shared equally between

the Islamic Solidarity Fund (ISF) and the OIC General Secretariat; Pakistan

its donation of USD 100,000 in favor of the ISF; Gabon its donation of USD

100,000 in favor of the ISF; Cameroon its donation of USD 2 million in favor

of the ISF; Benin its donation of USD 2.3 million in favor of the ISF; and

Senegal its donation of USD 500,000 in support of the activities of the OIC

General Secretariat and Subsidiary Organs.

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207. The Conference decided to rationalize its resolutions and final

communiqué.

208. The Head of Delegation of Algeria delivered a speech on behalf of all

participants in the Eleventh Session of the Islamic Summit Conference in

which he expressed thanks to H.E. Maitre Abdoulaye WADE, President of

the Republic of Senegal, for the warm welcome and generous hospitality

extended by His Excellency and the Government and people of the Republic

of Senegal to all participants in the Conference and for the sagacity and

open-mindedness with which His Excellency steered the proceedings of the

meeting, which led to the unanimous adoption of the Conference's decisions

and addressing the urgent causes of the Muslim Ummah with all due

wisdom, determination, and effectiveness.

209. H.E. Maitre Abdoulaye WADE, President of the Republic of Senegal, and

Chairman of the Eleventh Session of the Islamic Summit Conference

delivered the closing speech in which he thanked all participants who

accepted the invitation to attend the Conference and commended the spirit

of cooperation and brotherhood that characterized the proceedings of the

Conference.

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