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Demography of the OPT (1997 Census)

In November 1997, the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics released the official results and data of the 1997 Census of Population, Housing and Establishments . The results include a count of population by sex, place of residence and governorate, as well as a count of households, buildings and housing units. The estimate of the total population in the Palestinian territory was approximately 2.9 million (2,895,683) persons on census night. (This total has been adjusted for census net under count of 2.4%.) Of these persons, 1,873,476 are in the West Bank, including the illegally annexed Jerusalem, and 1,022,207 are in the Gaza Strip. A direct count in East Jerusalem was forcefully prevented by the occupying authorities, but through a variety of means, an estimate of about 328,601 persons living in that area was reached. The following are some basic demographic statistics reached by the 1997 census.

Population by Sex and Governorate

Governorate Male Female Both Sexes Sex Ratio
Jenin 103407 99619 203026 103.8
Tubas 18583 18026 36609 103.1
Tulkarm 67781 66329 134110 102.2
Qalqilya 37002 35005 72007 105.7
Salfit 24695 23843 48538 103.6
Nablus 132818 128522 261340 103.3
Ramallah & Al-Bireh 106988 106594 213582 100.4
Jerusalem 166001 162600 328601 102.1
Jericho 16491 16222 32713 101.7
Bethlehem 70238 67048 137286 104.8
Hebron 207689 197975 405664 104.9
West Bank Total 951693 921783 1873476 103.2
         
North Gaza 93365 90008
183373

103.7
Gaza 186970 180418 367388 103.6
Deir Al-Balah 74819 73058 147877 102.4
Khan Yunis 101607 99097 200704 102.5
Rafah 62052 60813 122865 102.0
Gaza Strip Total 518813 503394 1022207 103.1
         
Palestinian Territories 1470506 1425177 2895683 103.2

Population by Age Groups in Years, Region and Sex*

Palestinian Territory

Age Group Male Female Both Sexes Percentage
0-14 627069 596127 1223196 47.0%
15-64 654385 632562 1286947 49.5%
65+ 40085 50134 90219 3.5%
Total 1322264 1279405 2601669 100.0%

West Bank

Age Group Male Female Both Sexes Percentage
0-14 369934 350358 720292 45.0%
15-64 416187 401249 817436 51.1%
65+ 27592 33645 61237 3.8%
Total 814344 785756 1600100 100.0%

Gaza Strip

Age Group Male Female Both Sexes Percentage
0-14 257135 245769 502904 50.2%
15-64 238198 231313 469511 46.9%
65+ 12493 16489 28982 2.9%
Total 507920 493649 1001569 100.0%

Population by Refugee Status, Region and Sex*

West Bank

Refugee Status Male Female Both Sexes Percentage
Registered Refugee 204017 189358 393375 24.6
Non-Registered 13645 16127 29772 1.9
Total 217662 205485 423147 26.5

Gaza Strip

Refugee Status Male Female Both Sexes Percentage
Registered Refugee 324176 315964 640140 64.0
Non-Registered 5720 5711 11431 1.1
Total 329896 321675 651571 65.1

Palestinian Territory

Refugee Status Male Female Both Sexes Percentage
Registered Refugee 528193 505322 1033515 39.8
Non-Registered 19365 21838 41203 1.6
Total 547558 527168 1074718 41.4

Educational Attainment in Palestinian Territory*

  Male Female Both Sexes Percentage
Illiterate 57474 139569 1 97043 11.6
Literate 151029 136187 287216 16.9
Elementary 230635 212882 443517 26.1
Preparatory 201192 186151 387343 22.8
Secondary 123408 101990 225398 13.3
Associate Diploma 39074 33063 72137 4.3
Bachelor 46367 19876 66243 3.9
Higher Diploma 963 254 1217 0.1
Master 5081 788 5869 0.3
Ph.D 1769 137 1906 0.1
Not Stated 2327 5983 8310 0.5
Total 859319 836880 1696199 100.

*Includes population counted during the period of 10-24/12/1997. Does not include uncounted population estimates according to post enumeration survey and population estimates for those parts of Jerusalem annexed by Israel in 1967.