New York, 14 November 2006
Since I am speaking in this Committee for the first time, I wish to commend your leadership and the efficient manner in which you are steering the business of the Committee.
I thank the Secretary General for his progress reports (A/61/82; A/61/173, A/61/302) on the implementation of the programs of actions for the least developed countries (LDCs) as well as the landlocked developing countries (LLDCs).
My delegation notes that the suggested measures outlined in these reports are critically important for the effective implementation of the programs of action for the LDCs and the LLDCs.
I also thank the High Representative of these groups of countries for his continued efforts in advocating the special needs and concerns of these marginalized groups of countries.
I associate myself with the statement made by South Africa on behalf of the Group of 77 and China and subscribe to the statements by Benin, the Chair of the coordination bureau of LDCs, as well by Lao People's Democratic Republic, as the Chair of the LLDCs.
The seven commitments of the Brussels Programme of Action (BPOA) should be effectively implemented, if all the LDCs are to timely achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
Similarly, we must ensure effective implementation of the Almaty Programme of Action (APOA) with the view of facilitating and strengthening the trade, transit and transport links between the landlocked countries and their transit neighbors thereby reducing the burden of additional transaction costs, ensuring policy coordination, promoting efficient transport system as well as simplifying customs procedures.
The recent mid-term review of the implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action recommitted to effectively addressing the needs of the LDCs in accordance with the twin principles of “global partnership” and “national ownership” to accelerate sustained economic growth, sustainable development and poverty eradication in these countries.
It also revealed the continued precarious socio-economic situation of LDCs and recognized that additional and effective measures, as identified by the Cotonou Strategy, would be necessary for the further implementation of the Programme of Action in order to improve and accelerate current trends of the progress.
As endorsed by the first ever Summit meeting of the LLDCs held in September this year in Havana, time has also come to initiate extensive preparation for the comprehensive midterm review of the Almaty Program of Action. We cannot emphasize more on the need of the effective role of the UN system in this context. We stress that the direction of the review should be aimed at emboldening constructive partnership and at further strengthening the process of implementation of the agreed Program of Action for the LLDCs.
Nepal's current development plan, developed as the country's poverty reduction strategy paper, has emphasized on the broad-based growth and taken pro-poor policy approach. The government has placed priority on embracing social inclusion and increasing rural investment. The new democratic dispensation is committed to inclusive democracy, participatory and pro-poor development process and good governance, all of which are important element to achieve the sustained socio-economic development in the country.
Only last week, a historic settlement has been reached between the democratic government of Nepal and the CPN-Maoists putting an end the decade long conflict of the country and paving way forward for the political transformation of the State. I believe this will create better conditions for swiftly moving forward in the much-awaited acceleration of the socio-economic development activities in the country.
As a country emerging from conflict, and a landlocked as well as a least developed country, Nepal will require generous assistance of the development partners in implementing the agreed programs of action and additionally for the reconstruction and rehabilitation needs arising in the post-conflict situation.
The international community has the necessary ability of enhancing technical assistance, giving necessary concession on trade, expanding debt relief measures together with substantial increase in official development assistance to the rescue of the poor. All we need is a solid political will to translate our pledges and commitments to implementation.
The UN agencies and the Bretton Woods Institutions must integrate and mainstream their development efforts in LDCs and LLDCs through the specifically designed development partnership frameworks agreed in Brussels and in Almaty.
Equally critical is the need of good governance at the global level where the special needs and concerns of the poorest countries receive focused attention to ensure that their voice is heard and their meaningful participation is guaranteed in the functioning of global financial and trading order.
As the Secretary General has concluded in his report on the Brussels Program of Action, "more substantial success remains dependent on full delivery by all stakeholders on their commitment". Vigorous efforts should be forthcoming for the full implementation of the Brussels and the Almaty Program of Actions. Let me conclude by reiterating that Nepal is committed to striving for these goals and targets and expects the continued commitment of global partners for the accelerated implementation of the same.
I thank you, Madame Chair!