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Mr. Madhuban Prasad Paudel, Minister Plenipotentiary and Deputy Permanent Representative of Nepal to the United Nations
the General Debate of the Second Committee
62nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly
New York, 10 October 2007
1. We are pleased to see you presiding over the Second Committee.
2. Congratulations to you, Madame, and other members of the Bureau, for your well-deserved election. I assure you of my delegation's full cooperation and support on your stewardship of the Committee's successful deliberation.
3. My delegation welcomes the address by Deputy-Secretary-General Ms. Asha-Rose Migiro for clearly articulating development role of the United Nations in her address the other day at the opening of the General Debate of the Committee. Our appreciation also goes to Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs Mr. Sha Zukang for succinctly outlining the issues before the Committee and updating us on the world economic and social situation.
4. Let me also associate myself with the statement made by Pakistan on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
5. Poverty eradication and sustainable development remain the central concerns of the international community. Recent progress reports have presented a mixed picture of positive trends in our collective march towards attaining the Millennium Development Goals as well as the legitimate concern towards the fruits of development not being distributed fairly.
6. Liberalization and globalization has not only opened up enormous opportunities but also offered a number of challenges. There may be no denying that trade continues to be a viable engine for development and that increased application of science and technology would stimulate sustained growth in this rapidly changing and globalized world.
7. We share the concern that the lack of progress in the Doha Development Agenda has undermined the development dimension of trade and allowed for continued marginalization of poor countries.
8. Without guaranteeing duty-free and quota-free market access to developed and developing countries, strengthening institutional capacity, broadening export product base, improving infrastructure including roads, electricity and communication, introducing efficient production technology, and stimulating innovation and creativity, the poorest and vulnerable countries would not stand to benefit from globalization. What would need are an enabling environment, predictable and sustainable funding and enhanced level of public-private partnership in strengthening trading and productive capacities.
9. In this context, the role of international organizations, including the BWIs, WTO and UNCTAD is critical. We reiterate our call for effective and broad operationalisation of aid-for-trade initiative and strengthening of efficient and wider access to Enhanced Integrated Framework for Trade-related Technical Assistance to Least Developed Countries.
10. Special needs and difficulties of the least developed and landlocked developing countries should be taken into account in all issues under our consideration. We call for concerted efforts of the international community to addressing the recurring extreme poverty and marginalization of the LDCs in the globalized world particularly by ensuring effective and timely implementation of the Brussels Programme of Action for LDCs.
11. The landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) face special difficulties in transit and transport of goods and services to and from sea. It is imperative that the Almaty Programme should be sincerely implemented with a view to undertaking renewed actions towards meaningful cooperation in transit transport and trade facilitation in the landlocked developing countries. The mid-term review process of the Almaty Programme to be held in 2008 should focus on fulfilling gaps in implementation of the agreed commitments.
12. It is critical to reinvigorate development process and foster economic diversification in countries emerging from conflict. I would like to draw the attention of the international community towards addressing the special needs of the LDCs emerging from conflict and urge the development partners to support them, financially and technically, to help them achieve sustained peace and development. It is vital that donor communities channel aid through national budgets to meet increased public investment and support national development priorities.
13. Enhanced cooperation and action-oriented measures at the international level are needed to effectively contribute to national efforts. Timely fulfillment of international financial commitments, specifically implementation of broad measures for debt relief and meeting of the official development assistance targets would be critical to enhance socio-economic development of developing and least developed countries.
14. We hope that the forthcoming high-level dialogue on financing for development and the follow-up conference to the Monterrey consensus to be held in Doha in 2008 should be used as an opportunity to effectively contribute to meeting the financing gaps and exploring innovative ways of financing for development.
15. We have before the Committee the vital issue of climate change. My delegation shares the view that climate change cannot be viewed in isolation. It should be linked to human security, social and economic development and environment protection. It should be treated as both a threat and an opportunity to advancing sustainable development and developing adaptation capacities. But it should in no way divert the scarce resources committed to development.
16. Promotion of sustainable development in mountain regions is important not only to conserve mountain environment and biodiversity but also to foster the traditional knowledge of mountain people and integrating mountain areas into national economies.
17. Specific needs and implications of climate change on mountain regions should be identified and adaptation needs must be addressed.
18. The high-level event and subsequent debate of the General Assembly unequivocally underlined that responding to climate change and eradicating poverty are interrelated issues, solutions to which demand enhanced cooperation and collective efforts in the spirit of genuine partnership and common but differentiated responsibilities.
19. Nepal hopes that the momentum generated will pave the way for achieving a global agreement on climate change with long-term binding commitments under the UN framework beyond Kyoto starting the process at Bali conference later this year.
20. Allow me to briefly mention about Nepal. Currently, Nepal is undergoing critical political and socio-economic transformation process. Taking the country’s on-going peace-building efforts to a logical conclusion in an efficient manner remains the government’s top priority.
21. Nepal is aware that promotion of good governance, social justice and inclusive economic development are vital in bringing sustained peace and prosperity to the country. The Government is committed to unleashing private sector development, promoting public-private partnership, ensuring participation of local communities including excluded groups and mainstreaming gender focus in development planning and programme implementation.
22. In that spirit, Nepal has already implemented its Tenth Five-Year Plan (2002-2007) formulated as its Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). Taking into account of the special needs of reconstruction of physical infrastructure and restructuring of the economy, the Government has recently formulated a three-year interim plan while fully incorporating poverty reduction strategies and national Sustainable Development Agenda.
23. Nepal greatly values the principles of country ownership, result-orientation, and genuine partnership in advancing development objectives.
24. Success of national initiatives would depend upon availability and effective mobilization of resources as well as continued support of our development partners. Equally important is the need to ensure coherence and consistency among national and international policies and strategies while strengthening national ownership and leadership of development plans and priorities. We attach great importance to the enhanced development role of the United Nations system and operational efficiency of its country-level presence.
25. In line with respective development mandates, and coherence and consistency of operational activities for development, equally important is to ensure greater focus on implementation of programmes related to national and local development capacity building and supporting MDG-based national development strategies. Nepal hopes that the triennial comprehensive policy review (TCPR) of operational activities of the United Nations development system during this session would provide a good opportunity for us to ensure constructive development collaboration.
26. In closing, my delegation believes that broad-based, people responsive and community driven national development initiatives can produce good results. We are committed to undertake the shared responsibility of achieving prosperity for all. We look forward to a genuine global partnership to effectively deliver on our promises.
I thank you.