Republic of Guyana
Motto: One People, One Nation, One Destiny
Location: On the northern coast of the South American continent bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the north, Brazil to the southwest, Suriname to the east and Venezuela to the northwest.
Map of Guyana
History: Guyana was originally inhabited by Amerindians. It was settled by the Dutch in the 16th century and changed hands between the Dutch, British and French from the late 16th to 19th century and was finally ceded to Britain in 1814. Independence was achieved in 1966 and the Cooperative Republic of Guyana declared in 1970. Elections: Last elections 2001. Next elections due 2006 Ruling Coalition: People's Progressive Party/Civic Major Political Parties: People's Progressive Party/Civic (PPP/Civic),. People's National Congress (PNC), Working People's Alliance (WPA), The United Force (TUF) Economic Summary: Over 1994-1997 agriculture, forestry and fishing sectors grew by an average of 8% per year; mining and quarrying grew by 6.4%; manufacturing by 5.9% and construction by 14.2%. Agriculture is the main sector with a share of 34.7% of GDP in 1998, slightly lower than the average of 38.1% in 1994-1997. Sugar and rice, the two main crops, have been seriously affected by adverse weather conditions. In 1998 sugar accounted for 10.4% of GDP from an output of 255,655 tonnes (notwithstanding adverse weather conditions).
Forestry has become more significant, and is a potential growth sector.
The mining sector accounted for 16% of GDP in 1998 and is estimated to employ about 4% of the workforce. The sector grew by an impressive 9.5% between 1990-96, but slowed between 1997-98 due to soft world prices. The two main sub-sectors, gold and bauxite, have experienced growth in output during the 1990s but at differing rates influenced mainly by world prices.
Manufacturing contributed about 11% to GDP over the 1994-1998 period. The main activities are processing and refining of agricultural products such as sugar and rice
Airport: Cheddi Jagan International
Status: Cooperative Republic.
Independence Day - 26 May 1966
Republic Day - 23 February 1970
Head of Government: H.E. Bharrat Jagdeo
President, Cooperative Republic of Guyana
Area: 214,970 km2 (83,000 sq miles)
Population: 749,190 (2002)
Currency: Guyana Dollar
GDP Per Capita (at current market prices): EC$2,373.1 (1999)
Total Exports: EC$1,450.1m (1998)
Total Imports: EC$1,501.3m (1998)
Intra-Regional Exports: EC$72.8m (1994)
Intra-Regional Imports: EC$178.9m (1994)
Business Hours: Commercial: 08:00-16:00 hrs Monday to Friday; 08:00-12:30 hrs Saturday
Government: 08:00-16:00 hrs Monday to Thursday; 08:00-08:15:30 hrs Friday
New Year's Day (01 January)
Republic Day (23 February)
Good Friday (as decreed)
Easter Monday (as decreed)
Labour Day (01 May)
Phagwah (as decreed)
Eid-ul-Azah (as decreed)
Youman Nabi (as decreed)
CARICOM Day (first Monday in July)
Freedom Day (01 August)
Diwali (as decreed)
Christmas Day (25 December)
Boxing Day (26 December)
Date of CARICOM Membership: 1 August 1973
Dear Land of Guyana
Dear land of Guyana, of rivers and plains
Made rich by the sunshine, and lush by the rains,
Set gem-like and fair between mountains and sea -
Your children salute you, dear land of the free.
Green land of Guyana, our heroes of yore
Both bondsmen and free, laid their bones on your shore;
This soil so they hallowed, and from them are we,
All sons of one mother, Guyana the free.
Great land of Guyana, diverse though our strains,
We are born of their sacrifice, heirs of their pains,
And ours is the glory their eyes did not see -
One land of six peoples, united and free.
Dear land of Guyana, to you will we give
Our homage, our service, each day that we live;
God guard you, great Mother, and make us to be
More worthy our heritage - land of the free.
(Words by A.L. Luker, music by R.C.G. Potter)
Highest National Award: Order of Excellence
Popular Cuisine includes but is not limited to: Pepperpot; Cook-up; Curry and roti etc.
Geographic 001 - Location Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela (link:None) 002 - Longitude & Latitude Between 1 degree and 9 degrees North Latitude and 57 degrees and 61 degrees West Longitude 003 - Area total: 214,970 sq km water: 18,120 sq km land: 196,850 sq km Economic 004 - GDP by sector agriculture: 35% industry: 21% services: 44% (2002 est.) People & Culture 005 - Ethnic Groups Africans, Amerindians, Chinese, Europeans, East Indians, Portuguese, Mixed.