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Statements

 
ADDRESS BY PRESIDENT JOSÉ EDUARDO DOS SANTOS
AT SWEARING IN OF NEW GOVERNMENT
Luanda , 8 February 2010
 
Vice-President, Ministers of State, Ministers, Secretaries of State and Deputy Ministers
 
The oath you took to abide by and ensure compliance with the constitution and other laws of the republic is a guarantee that we can all form a cohesive government team ready to face the country’s problems with firmness, discipline and responsibility and to provide appropriate solutions for them.
 
A few days ago we spoke about the general intentions, principles and goals of the society we want to build, in keeping with the commitments made in the 2008 elections.
 
Today we are going to start to develop the general ideas into plans, executive programmes, tasks, mechanisms and tools for action to create better living conditions for Angolans.
 
We are not going to start from zero. We have the national plan, the general state budget and the executive programmes for various sectors approved by the outgoing government, which just need to be adjusted or adapted to the new period and the new challenges we face.
 
The Council of Ministers, as an institution auxiliary to the President of the Republic and head of the executive, will meet on 12 February and will have on its agenda issues related to the organising and running of the executive, the draft law on administrative probity, the presidential legislative decree approving the instructions on the implementation of the 2010 general state budget and the contract between the Angolan government and Ernst and Young, a well known international consultancy firm, on assistance in reorganising the management of public finances, which includes the Central Bank of Angola and the Savings and Credit Bank, through which the state pays all the expenditure of the general state budget. 
 
Thus, the first steps to be taken in applying a strategy to ensure ethical service by the public administration are passing a law on administrative probity, reorganising and improving the management of public finances, with the assistance of the consultants mentioned, and also amending the law on the Audit Court.
 
Probity, in its usual sense, means honesty, honourableness and integrity and, within this context, relates to the duties, responsibilities and obligations of public servants in their day-to-day activity, in order to ensure administrative morality, impartiality and honesty.
 
This law will also establish the legal framework related to administrative morality and respect for public property, bringing together in a single legal document legislation on this that is now dispersed, and its implementation will discourage state institutions and public officials who seek to make public property a source of illicit enrichment.
 
Assistance with the reorganising and management of public finances and the training of officials will be an exercise similar to what we did years ago with the customs services when the situation was chaotic.
 
We are going to set a cut-off date, to establish a new starting point and start with new working methods, more discipline, new awareness and a public servant profile better suited to the tasks and duties with which they are entrusted. 
 
We reaffirm zero tolerance towards repetition of the mistakes and vices of the past in the public administration.
 
We are going forward to build a better future for everyone, paying more attention to education to prevent illicit activities and the violation of work discipline and, wherever possible, improving pay and working conditions.
 
Issues related to establishing accountability for the serious damage done in the past, where identified, will be dealt with by the appropriate institutions.
 
Another priority among the priorities of the executive is the urgent readjustment and re-launching of the national social housing programme throughout the country and harmonising all the executive programmes aimed at improving the lives of families in rural areas and on the outskirts of urban centres. 
 
We are going to work to rationalise means and increase efficiency in the rapid implementation of those programmes.
 
Finally, I would like to thank you for having accepted the invitation to take part in the arduous and stimulating task of building the new Angola.
 
I also thank our distinguished guests, who have helped to enhance this ceremony with their esteemed presence.
 
I now raise my glass in a toast to the health and good work of all those recently sworn in. 
 
 
SPEECH BY HIS EXCELLENCY JOSE EDUARDO DOS SANTOS, PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA, DURING THE PRESENTATION OF GREETINGS BY THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS
Luanda , January 14, 2010

Honorable Members of the Diplomatic Corps,
Distinguished Guests,
Ladies And Gentlemen,

In the last three years, the world was hit by an economic and financial crisis which had serious consequences for all countries.

I hope the signs of recovery in the developed economies in the second half of 2009 are consolidated and broadened in 2010, so that all peoples can face the future with more confidence.

An important lesson of this crisis was the sense of mutual support and collaboration, which took the form of attacking the root problems in order to regain people's confidence in the banking system in particular, and the financial system in general.

This also allowed for significant improvements in multilateral and cooperation relations at the international level.

A new era has started with the strengthening of the awareness that the world is increasingly globalized and that all countries are increasingly interconnected and interdependent, thus reducing the space for advocating unilateralism.

It is clear that today, no country can progress and develop unilaterally, isolated from the community of nations and alienated from the common problems that affect humanity as a whole.

Therefore, the implementation of commitments made with regard to the various global issues should be a priority not only because this would correspond to the general expectations, but also because this would give an important signal that cooperation is possible
among all and advantageous for all.

The recent Copenhagen Summit was, unfortunately, either a lost or postponed opportunity for a step forward in order to tackle the causes of climate change and reach a consensus on how to reconcile the need for development with the preservation of our planet for future generations.

The results of this great event were actually far short of the expectations and failed to meet the concerns expressed by the developing countries that are the least likely to pollute the environment, yet the most affected by the economic and social effects of this global phenomenon.

The question of the environment should therefore remain a priority in national and international agendas, because that would be in the interest of international balance and security.

Ambassadors,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

All these situations only showed once again the importance of dialogue and discussion of ideas as the most appropriate way to resolve disputes, whatever their nature.

Angola continues to believe in this path and although in some cases progress has been made, we have been following with concern the various conflicts that remain unresolved in many parts of the world.

In the particular case of the African continent, where we are, we see progress in solving some problems, but we are still at an impasse in Southern Sudan, Darfur, Somalia, Western Sahara, and most recently in Guinea-Conakry.

We hope that 2010 represents for the African continent not only the resumption of its economic growth, but also a new step in resolving the conflicts that still exist.

Our experience shows that only peace and the democratic rule of law can guarantee the stability necessary and essential to the sustainable development of African countries.

We also hope that the warring parties in the Middle East are not so radical in their positions and are able to find a platform for the people of Israel and Palestine to find a 'modus vivendi' that is peaceful and cooperative, respectful each other’s self-determination and the construction of their respective sovereign states.

We also believe that dialogue and negotiation are necessary means to overcome the dispute over the nuclear issue with Iran and North Korea, and to harmonize positions on combating terrorism, drug trafficking, endemic diseases and other worldwide issues.

In our country’s sub-region, we will continue to give our active contribution to SADC, ECCAS and the Committee on the Gulf of Guinea, as they are instruments of great value not only in strengthening the economy of member countries, but also for a better integration of all the continental and global economy.

The mutually beneficial cooperation and promotion of peace and friendship will remain the main vectors of the Angolan foreign policy, founded on the principles of respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity, equality and non-interference in the internal affairs of other countries.

 
It was with great pleasure that I received the compliments of Ambassadors accredited in Angola and their distinguished spouses.

I hope you will convey to your respective governments Angola’s will to strengthen existing ties and to build a better future for our peoples and for future generations together.

A HAPPY NEW YEAR TO ALL!
 
 
GOVERNMENT STATEMENT ON TERRORIST ATTACK
 
Luanda , 8 January 2010
 
 
The Government of the Republic of Angola hereby states that today, 8 January 2010, at 14.25, the bus in which the Togolese national football team was travelling from Pointe Noire (Republic of Congo) to Cabinda to take part in the 2010 African Cup of Nations tournament came under a terrorist attack by FLEC on the road between Bicongolo and Chicuca, in Cabinda Province, close to the border with the Republic of Congo, in which nine people, eight Togolese and one Angolan, were wounded.
 
According to information from the Angolan Armed Forces in the 2nd military region, the FLEC group that carried out the terrorist attack came from the Republic of Congo and returned there after the attack.  
 
The Angolan Government strongly condemns this infamous act, regrets that there were victims and reaffirms its total commitment to guaranteeing security for the holding of the 2010 African Cup of Nations, which is a great sports event and a demonstration of the friendship and solidarity between African peoples.
 
 
GOVERNMENT STATEMENT ON TERRORIST ATTACK
 
Luanda , 9 January 2010
 
 
The Government of the Republic of Angola deeply regrets to announce that, following the terrorist attack on 8 January, Amlet Haman, assistant coach of the Togolese team, and the Togolese journalist Stanislaes Ocloo have died.
 
Meanwhile, goalkeeper Kodjovi Obilali, who suffered an injury in the lumbar region,  has been evacuated to South Africa.  
 
The Government of the Republic of Angola expresses its heartfelt condolences to the families of the victims, the members of the Togolese sports delegation and the Government of the Republic of Togo. 
 
 
STATEMENT BY H.E MR. ASSUNCAO DOS ANJOS, MINISTER OF EXTERNAL RELATIONS  
 
64th GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UNITED NATIONS
 
GENERAL DEBATE
 
 
YOUR EXCELLENCY MR. ALI TREK, PRESIDENT OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UNITED NATIONS;
 
YOUR EXCELLENCY MR. BAN KI-MOON, SECRETARY-GENERAL OF THE UNITED NATIONS;
 
YOUR EXCELLENCIES, HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT, DISTINGUISHED DELEGATES, LADIES AND GENTLEMEN;
 
 
First of all, let me take this important opportunity to congratulate Mr. Ali Trek for his election to chair this 64th session and to assure you the unconditional support of the Republic of Angola in fulfilling your important mission.

The delegation of Angola is absolutely positive that under Your Excellency’s auspicious leadership, this 64th session will reaffirm the importance of the General Assembly in the search for consensual solutions to the burning issues affecting humanity, greatly contributing to create an increasingly safer, freer and fairer world.

I also want to express my delegation’s deep appreciation to Your Excellency’s predecessor, Mr. Miguel d’Escoto Brockmann, for the high efficiency and vast expertise with which he conducted the work of the Presidency.
 
 
Your Excellency, Mr. President;
 
It is guided by the most elementary sense of justice that on behalf of the Republic of Angola, I express my deepest appreciation to the Secretary General of the United Nations, Mr. Ban Ki-moon, for the excellent way he has managed to consolidate reforms and ensure the fulfillment of the decisions of the Millennium Summit and other major UN conferences, as well as for the commitment he has consistently shown to placing the needs and development of Africa at the center of the international agenda. I would also like to praise the Secretary General for his timely initiative to convene the High Level Meeting on Climate Change.
 
Mr. President;
 
The 64th session of the General Assembly is taking place in a political, social and economic context of enormous complexity.
 
Ensuring International Peace and Security, Fighting Poverty, Protecting the Environment, ensuring a better future for generations to come, ensuring the rule of law in internationalrelations among the agents of the international community, and Promoting and safeguarding Human Rights, are clearly some of the major challenges we are confronted with.

Combating Organized Crime and the implementation of the anti-terrorism strategy, are also factors of extreme importance that permanently require attention of the United Nations in calling for more effective measures to be taken and a greater engagement of the international community.

These challenges add to the list of others to which our organization must also devote great attention, especially the lack of decisions on disarmament, the persistence of armed conflicts and the consequences of these conflicts in the lives of people, and finally, the issue on the agenda for all Member States ... The Reform of the Security Council of the United Nations.        
 
 
Mr. President;
 
We live in a world increasingly characterized by globalization and substantial economic and social inequality.
 
Hunger and poverty, aggravated by the fact that they are linked to endemic diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis, cause millions of deaths annually in Africa and are devastating an entire generation, dramatically jeopardizing the development and progress of the continent.

It is thus urgent to revert this situation that consumes our people, which puts men and women at the mercy of inducements that inevitably lead to violence and crime, and which, to some extent, are the cause of some of the serious problems currently facing humanity.

Food security thus seems to be one of the main concerns of the African continent due to its importance to health, productivity, as well as social and political stability, and economic growth.

Angola believes that it is possible to substantially reduce the food security deficit in Africa if the international community congregates around the following fundamental issues:

First, maintaining reserves of food and medicines for emergency aid and people in need;
 
Second, working to adopt national and regional integrated strategies and programs in agriculture, trade, transports, water, and training that can be implemented with the support and experience of FAO, IFAD and other United Nations specialized Agencies.   
 
The action plans within the framework of regional initiatives are extremely important and may contribute to reduce food shortages and combat diseases. In this context, among other initiatives, I must highlight the NEPAD; the Ouagadougou Declaration and Plan of Action on employment and the eradication of extreme poverty, adopted in 2004; the Maputo Declaration proposing the allocation of 10% of public expenditures to agriculture and rural development; the Syrte Declaration on agriculture and water; the Abuja Resolution on Food Safety, and the Abuja and Maputo Declarations on HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria and other related diseases.    
 
Mr. President;   
 
The economic and financial crisis, though of exogenous origin, has also been seriously affecting the growth of African economies, among other reasons due to the reduction in asset values, financial assets retained abroad, and mainly due to a marked decrease in the price of raw materials that are exported by countries in the continent.

In this context, rather than finding interim solutions to overcome immediate problems, there should be a review of the entire current economic and financial system and an identification of ways to restructure it so that it serves the interests of all peoples and countries in a global perspective.
 
In this connection, my Government welcomes the initiatives that although insufficient, have been taken in the context of trade liberalization and supports the idea of reforming the regulatory institutions of the financial and economic world, and also calls for greater fluidity and transparency in the transfer of capital to less developed Countries.

Likewise, Angola welcomes the various multilateral initiatives, emphasizing, in this regard, the China-Africa cooperation, the Africa-South America Conference, the Tokyo International Conference on Africa’s Development, the Europe-Africa Summit, the India-Africa Forum, the South Korea-Africa Summit, and more recently, the Turkey-Africa Summit. The Angolan Government considers that all these are of fundamental importance for the development of the Least Developed Countries, which include most countries in Africa, and Angola in particular.   
 
Mr. President;
 
The Secretary General presented an important report to the High-Level Session on the Needs of Africa, and particularly on the implementation of commitments made by partners of the African continent, which took place at the margin of the 63rd session of the General Assembly.
 
Angola shares the relevant concerns raised by the Secretary General in this report, especially when referring to the importance and urgency of getting out of mere expressions of political will, and moving to concrete actions with a comprehensive and vigorous pursuit of the goals envisaged.    
 
a) The Secretary General stated conclusive examples:
       b) The reduction of aid levels and commitments;
       c) The cancellation of foreign debt for African countries, which is taking long to be fulfilled;
       d) The negative effects arising from the failure to complete the World Trade Organization round of negotiations, a fact which will result in fewer opportunities for the African continent.   
 
Angola shares all these concerns.
As we infer from all the eloquent statements made by the speakers before me, there are no magic solutions or one-size-fits-all models to enable the least developed countries to find immediate and simple answers to development overnight.
 
Mr. President;
 
As Your Excellency is certainly aware, Angola has had a very encouraging economic growth.

The invitation addressed to my country to participate in the G-8 Summit held on July 10th in L'Aquila, Italy, and which greatly honored the Angolan government and people, was undoubtedly a proof of the international community’s recognition that Angola is in the right path for the promotion of sustainable development.
 
Between 2004 and 2007, the national economy accumulated a growth of 92.4% in real terms. In a horizon of only 4 years, the economy almost doubled the value of its GDP, with an average annual real growth of approximately 17.8%.

In this same period, the country saw a sharp increase in the level of public and private investments, which allowed for the generation of a large number of jobs, particularly in the agricultural sector.

Angola is firmly committed to achieving universal education, as evidenced by the fact that we have tripled the number of students in our education system.

Regarding the GDP / human development ratio, it should be noted that in 2002, the country ranked 38 positions lower than now.

In 2005, as a result of the investments the government channeled to the social sector, Angola’s rank has improved by five positions in the United Nations human development index, and the country is committed to making efforts towards attaining the 8 Millennium Development Goals.            
         
In the chapter of sports, Angola has recently won its 10th African Basketball Championship and will hold the African Cup of Nations, also known as CAN, in January next year, having built the necessary infrastructure to accommodate this important event.

These major accomplishments, achieved in such short a time, fill all Angolans with pride and strengthen their confidence in the future. They are only possible to achieve in peace, social harmony, and when individual States themselves take on the primary responsibility for the development, progress and well-being of their populations.
 
Mr. President;
 
Despite the progress already achieved in Africa in the fields of good governance and the institutionalization of the Organs of the African Union, as well as growth and economic and social development, we must be aware of the remaining difficulties and the still long way to go.
 
I am referring to, for example, the burning issue of promoting peace and security, which are essential conditions for the development and promotion of human rights.

In this regard, it is worthwhile adding that the Security Council should continue to fund UN operations for peace and security in Africa and support the efforts of African States in combating drug trafficking, illicit arms trade, piracy and terrorism.
 
In addition to that, it seems important to emphasize that the strategy of conflict prevention and resolution, particularly the mandate of peacekeeping missions, cannot be separate from measures to combat organized and transnational crime and the relationship between the illegal exploitation of natural resources and illegal trade in small arms.

Moreover, the strategy of conflict prevention and resolution should be complemented by measures to combat financing of terrorists, another of the major challenges facing the entire international community.
 
As a country that has chaired the UN PEACEBUILDING COMMISSION, it is with particular satisfaction that I note the progress made in the peace processes in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Cote d’Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone.

The inclusion of Guinea-Bissau in the agenda of the Peacebuilding Commission is also very important.

In that regard, it is without false modesty that I stress the role played by Angola, not only in the negotiations that led to the holding of free and fair elections in that country, but also in the consolidation of peace and political, economic, and social stability in that Brother Country.

The active participation of Angola in resolving the conflicts that have plagued several countries in different regions of Africa, has explicitly raised the expectations of the international community, and especially of the UN Secretary General and the President of the African Union Commission.      
 
Allow me, Mr. President, to reaffirm my Government’s commitment to continuing to work within the African Union and the United Nations to identify lasting solutions for peace and national reconciliation processes.

In this conformity, it is fitting to refer to another aspect of utmost importance and which is a consequence of armed conflict. This aspect is the humanitarian situation, the maintenance and protection of refugee camps, and the identification of durable solutions for millions of refugees whose rights must be protected and respected.
 
Mr. President;
 
The United Nations is undoubtedly the main center of multilateralism and its credibility should be ever more enhanced by the adoption of functional, resourceful, and practical measures.

Accordingly, the Government of Angola welcomes the new format and functions of the Economic and Social Council, especially, of course, the Annual Ministerial Review and the Forum for Economic Cooperation and Development.

Within the reforms that have already occurred, a highlight should also be given to the establishment of the Peacebuilding Commission, and the Council for Human Rights.
 
The Government of Angola, despite welcoming the progress in the organic evolution and functioning of the UN system, cannot but note that the UN was created in a time long gone, more than half a century ago, and in a particular moment in the international community’s history that we all believe to be unrepeatable.

The world today is substantially different: The industrial, economic, and social development of a large number of countries did narrow the gap between the most developed countries and the Least Developed Countries; communications have evolved, technologies were modernized, transportation is much more sophisticated and Internet surfing occurs at the global scale.
 
Given this new reality, the Government of Angola believes the structure of the Organization that brings together people from around the world, cannot remain indifferent to these developments and should therefore adapt to the modern world.

Specifically, the government of Angola considers that the fact that the reform of the Security Council, particularly the part related to its composition and democratization of its decision-making mechanism, has not had any development since 2005, is a situation that must corrected with urgency.

In this context, my Government hopes that the process of ongoing negotiations under the General Assembly will be conclusive.
 
Furthermore, the Government of Angola emphasizes the effort led by the United Nations to implement the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and disarmament in general, and recognizes that it deserves the utmost attention of all its members.

Angola also believes that the UN should strengthen the supervision over the implementation of its programme on the illicit trade in small arms and develop initiatives for the universalization of the Ottawa Convention.
 
Mr. President, Your Excellencies;
 
At the end of my speech, I would like to avail myself of this golden opportunity to launch an appeal to the lifting of the economic, commercial and financial embargo to Cuba.

It is fair and imperative to abolish the embargo because it violates the principles of international law, particularly articles 1 and 2 of the United Nations Charter.

Angola trusts that the UN will not refrain from once again taking a clear and fair position regarding the embargo, which is also consistent with the principles of its Charter.

Finally, I would like to reiterate my conviction that with effort and determination, our Organization will be in a position to correct asymmetries and provide solutions to the problems that still exist in the international community in order to build a world that is fairer, more stable, more secure, and able to provide the current and future generations with a standard of living consistent with human dignity.

Thank you for your attention.
 
SPEECH BY PRESIDENT JOSÉ EDUARDO DOS SANTOS
AT THE START OF TALKS DURING THE STATE VISIT OF
PRESIDENT JACOB ZUMA OF SOUTH AFRICA
 
Luanda , 20 August 2009
 
 
Your Excellency Jacob Zuma,
President of the Republic of South Africa,
Ministers and members of the South African
and Angolan delegations,
Ladies and gentlemen,
 
 
The fact that Your Excellency chose Angola for your first state visit abroad is of very special significance to us. We therefore feel very honoured and hope that your visit will be a great success.
 
Our peoples have ties formed in a past of common struggle from the time of the so-called Frontline States, which coordinated Africa’s efforts in the fight against apartheid.
 
With the end of the apartheid system and of the armed movements that it gave rise to and fuelled, Southern Africa was transformed into a zone of peace and stability characterised by a noteworthy rate of development and by a process of economic integration with favourable prospects.
 
The historic relations between our countries needed fresh momentum to develop even more and reach new heights of excellence. 
 
Your Excellency’s presence among us provides us with an ideal opportunity to explore in a more creative manner all the possibilities of expanding cooperation between our two countries in every sphere. 
 
The Angolan government is ready to boost relations with South Africa. It considers that the political, legal and financial conditions should be created to enable operators in both countries to develop ways and means of establishing a more advantageous relationship in keeping with the expectations of our two peoples.
 
The political will, the potential and the opportunities for this exist and everything depends on the enterprising capacity to achieve it.
 
A strategic partnership between our two countries would benefit from the solidity and technical and scientific capacity of the South African economy and the many business opportunities Angola has to offer in this phase of national reconstruction. Although still at different stages of development, the economies of our two countries are already the strongest in Southern and Central Africa. 
 
We are also open to establishing a renewed dynamic between Angola and South Africa leading to progressive regional integration and enabling SADC to become a driving force in the development of our sub-region and even in the rest of Africa, for the wellbeing and happiness of the African peoples.
 
It is also important that we combine our efforts with those of other countries in the sub-region to reduce the effects of the world economic and financial crisis on SADC countries in general and our two countries in particular.
 
A notable lesson to be drawn from the current world crisis is the need to reform the institutions of the Bretton Woods system and for economic and financial international organisations to play a regulatory role in international relations in a reliable and scrupulous manner.
 
Indeed, it is important that the expansion of markets does not create the illusion of development while hiding the serious structural distortions within it, but leads, above all, to economic and socially sustainable stability. The success of any relationship, as we see it, depends on compatible interests. 
 
As in the past, our two countries can continue to make joint efforts in new processes in favour of peace, democracy and social progress in Africa.
 
We consider that we can also work together in the fight against poverty and unemployment, against big endemic and pandemic diseases like malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/Aids, and also against organised and cross-border crime.
 
We can also take more concerted action in the African Union and other international bodies, in order to make our combined voices heard in the solution of the great challenges that face humanity, like the preservation of the environment, the fight against terrorism, drug trafficking and illegal immigration, and all forms of political and religious fundamentalism.
 
I wish you and your illustrious delegation the warmest welcome to Angola and a good stay among us, hoping that you feel at home here. 
 
 
Speech by His Excellency Mr. Assunção Afonso dos Anjos
 
August 09, 2009
 
YOUR EXCELLENCY MADAM HILLARY RODHAM CLINTON, SECRETARY OF STATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
DISTINGUISHED MEMBERS OF THE GOVERNMENT,
DEAR GUESTS,
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN,
 
IT IS WITH IMMENSE PLEASURE THAT I WELCOME YOU TO THIS NEW ANGOLA, COMMITTED TO PURSUING THE PATHS OF RECONSTRUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT AND DEDICATED TO OCCUPYING ITS RIGHTFUL PLACE IN THE INTERNATIONAL ARENA.

THE RICH HISTORY OF BILATERAL RELATIONS BETWEEN OUR TWO COUNTRIES SAW A FUNDAMENTAL DEVELOPMENT WITH THE RECOGNITION OF ANGOLA BY THE UNITED STATES IN 1993, DURING THE CLINTON ADMINISTRATION. I AM CERTAIN THAT WITH YOU AT THE HEAD OF THE AMERICAN DIPLOMACY, WE WILL GIVE STEPS TOWARDS THE EXPANSION OF OUR BILATERAL RELATIONS AND ELEVATE THEM TO THE LEVEL OF A STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP.

ANGOLA HAS A HISTORY WE ARE PROUD OF AND WE WANT TO PROCEED WITH COHERENCE AND RESOLVE.

THE AVENUE WE CHOSE TO SOLVE OUR PROBLEMS AND TO ASSERT AN IDENTITY FIT TO A WORLD IN RAPID CHANGE AND WITH INCREASING GLOBALIZATION IS REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SORT OF COUNTRY WE WANT TO BUILD.
 
YOUR EXCELLENCY’S AND YOUR DELEGATION’S PRESENCE HERE IS AN EXCELLENT OPPORTUNITY TO DEEPEN THE TIES OF FRIENDSHIP AND COOPERATION BETWEEN OUR TWO COUNTRIES AND PEOPLES, WHO HAVE, WITH THE REALISM AND PRAGMATISM THAT SET THEM APART, FIND COMMONALITIES EVER SINCE THE FIRST CHILDREN OF THIS COUNTRY REACHED JAMESTOWN, VIRGINIA, WHERE THEY FOUNDED ONE OF THE FIRST AFRICAN-AMERICAN COMMUNITIES.
 
IN THIS CONTEXT, I WOULD LIKE TO WELCOME THE PARTICIPATION IN THIS EVENT OF CONGRESSMAN AND PRESIDENT OF THE SUB-COMMITTEE FOR AFRICA, MR. DONALD PAYNE, OUR GREAT AND LONG-TIME FRIEND, WHOSE PRESENCE IN OUR COUNTRY IS A GREAT HONOR.
 
ANGOLA AND THE UNITED STATES ARE IN HARMONY IN THEIR COMMON DESIRE TO TRANSFORM THE WORLD, MAKING IT FAIRER AND SAFER, A WORLD WHERE DEMOCRATIC VALUES, SECURITY, INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS, THE RIGHT TO MATERIAL AND SPIRITUAL WELL-BEING PREVAIL IN A FRAMEWORK OF GOOD GOVERNANCE, TRANSPARENCY, AND FREE ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS.
 
WE ALSO AGREE THAT THE AFRICAN CONTINENT MUST TAKE CONTROL OF ITS OWN DESTINY, THUS BECOMING MORE DYNAMIC IN THE OBSERVANCE OF THE GENERAL PRINCIPLES THAT GUIDE THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY.

IN THE PARTICULAR CASE OF MY COUNTRY, WE HAVE DONE EVERYTHING WITHIN OUR POWER TO REBUILD OUR SOCIAL AND HUMAN FABRIC, TO STRENGTHEN THE HARMONY WITHIN THE POPULATION, TO CONSOLIDATE NATIONAL RECONCILIATION, TO RESTORE EVERYTHING THE WAR DESTROYED, AND TO GEAR THE MODERNIZATION OF THE COUNTRY.
 
TODAY, WE HAVE A MORE STABLE COUNTRY, WITH DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS THAT FUNCTION NORMALLY AND AN ECONOMY IN FAST RECOVERY. OUR GREATEST CHALLENGE AT THIS STAGE REMAINS COMBATING POVERTY, HUNGER, THE MAJOR ENDEMIC DISEASES, AND IMPROVING THE CONDITIONS AND QUALITY OF LIFE OF OUR PEOPLE.
 
HOWEVER, WE ARE AWARE THAT WE ARE NOT ISOLATED, AND FOR THIS REASON WE HAVE STRIVED TO CONCILIATE OUR OWN DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF CONCERTED ACTIONS AT THE REGIONAL AND CONTINENTAL LEVELS, AS WELL AS WITH THE REST OF THE WORLD.
 
WITH REGARDS TO THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, ANGOLA IS ALREADY ONE OF ITS MAIN ECONOMIC PARTNERS IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA AND WE INTEND TO FURTHER DEEPEN THIS RELATIONSHIP IN ORDER TO CONSTITUTE AN INCREASINGLY SECURE BASE FOR OUR RELATIONS IN THE POLITICAL, DIPLOMATIC, ECONOMIC, AND CULTURAL DOMAINS.
 
THIS IS WHY WE HAVE BEEN ADVOCATING A STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP WITH THE UNITED STATES IN THE CONTEXT OF THE SECURITY OF ENERGY SUPPLY AND A FAIR AND BALANCED PRICE POLICY AS PRECONDITIONS FOR A HARMONIOUS DEVELOPMENT OF THE WORLD ECONOMY.
 
IN THIS CONTEXT, WE WELCOME THE NEW VISION OF THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION REGARDING THE DIVERSIFICATION OF ENERGY SOURCES (CLEAN, RENEWABLE AND ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY ENERGY). THIS SAME VISION COINCIDES WITH WHAT HAS BEEN ARTICULATED BY OUR PRESIDENT JOSÉ EDUARDO DOS SANTOS AND IMPLEMENTED BY THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA.
 
YOUR EXCELLENCY AND DEAR FRIEND,

I AM POSITIVE AND I REAFFIRM OUR DESIRE THAT THE UNITED STATES WILL CONTINUE TO COUNT ANGOLA IN THE BROAD ALLIANCE OF PEACE- AND DIALOGUE-LOVING NATIONS, AND RELENTLESS ENEMIES OF INTOLERANCE AND EXTREMISMS.
 
TO CONCLUDE, I ONCE AGAIN WELCOME YOUR EXCELLENCY AMONG US AND I HOPE YOU COULD FEEL THE WARMTH AND AFFECTION THAT THE ANGOLAN PEOPLE FEEL FOR YOU AND THE AMERICAN PEOPLE, AND I HOPE YOU WILL RETURN TO ANGOLA, THUS FULFILLING AN OLD POPULAR SAYING FORETELLING THAT "WHOEVER DRINKS THE WATER OF BENGO, SHALL RETURN TO ITS SOURCE".
 
YOUR EXCELLENCY, PLEASE MAKE YOURSELF AT HOME.
 
THANK YOU.
 
Statement by H.E Ambassador Ismael A. Gaspar Martins, Permanent Representative of the Republic of Angola to the United Nations at the First Committee
Thank you, Mr. President,
 
Allow me congratulate you for your election to President of the First Committee. My congratulations are extensive to your work team. I would like to assure you of the collaboration and support of my delegation for the success of the work of the First Committee.
 
Angola remains deeply concerned with the issue of the illicit traffic and proliferation of small arms and light weapons due to their negative impact on the security and stability of countries, since in Africa, and these consequences are even more harmful.
 
As in any country emerging from conflict, combating the proliferation and the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons is one of the priorities of the Angolan Government’s peace and national reconciliation policy.
 
The development of the national program of action for the reduction, prevention, and management of the problem of small arms and light weapons, is based on an international commitment to address this scourge.
 
By unanimously adopting the Program of Action in 2001, the Member States of the United Nations committed themselves to collecting and destroying illegal weapons, and that was an important decision to the control of conventional arms.
 
However, there is a pressing need for a greater commitment from the international community, culminating in the negotiation, conclusion, and entry into force of a future Arms Trade treaty.
 
 
Mr. President,
 
At the national level, the Government has taken a set of measures to address this problem. In April 2008, the Government adopted the Program of Action for the Disarmament of the Civilian Population, which defined the strategy of collecting illicit weapons, focusing on the following target groups:
 
Disarmament of civilians in possession of weapons of war;
Disarmament of delinquents;
Disarmament and military Police in illegal possession of weapons of war;
Replacement of the weapons of war used by Private security companies;             and,
Removal of weapons of war from hidden stockpiles.
 
For its implementation, the program was divided into four phases, namely organization and awareness, voluntary surrender of weapons, compulsory collection of weapons, and control and balance.
 
The organization phase included reviewing the legislation related to the trade in firearms, as well as hunting and recreation weapons, the laws on
private security companies, and regulations on the use of weapons of war by the Armed Forces and the National Police.
 
The awareness phase included the organization of seminars and ad campaigns in the media for the collection of weapons. The populations surrendered 1.939 weapons of several calibers.
 
During the phase of voluntary surrender of weapons, the populations surrendered 32,986 weapons of different calibers, including the voluntary surrender of 4,675 weapons held illegally by the military and the police.
 
During the phase of compulsory collection of weapons, 8.666 weapons of
different calibers were collected. As a consequence of the coercive action,
criminal lawsuits were started, in which 58 persons were tried for illegal possession of firearms, and offenders were given prison sentences ranging from 6 to 7 months.
 
After a year of implementing the Program of Action for the disarmament of civilians, the results are as follows:
 
Weapons surrendered and collected: 55.064;
Ammunition surrendered and collected: 200.266;
Gun chargers surrendered and collected: 35.665;
Explosives surrendered and collected: 15.781;
Gun stockpiles found: 49.
 
From the total of weapons collected, it was found that 34,015 are in good technical condition, and 21.049 in poor condition. The ones that are in good condition have been and will be forwarded to the Armed Forces and National Police, depending on their caliber, while the obsolete ones are being destroyed.
 
These results, despite being a good indication of the ongoing work, show us that we still have a long way to go.
Unfortunately, Angola does not have an accurate estimate of the number of
weapons in illegal possession of civilians. However, the Government of
Angola has spared no efforts in the struggle to disarm its populations, guiding its relevant institutions to take over this responsibility.
 
 
Mr. President,
 
Before concluding, I wish to inform you that in the above endeavor, my country counts on the valuable contribution of national and international Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs) such as Angola 2000, the Hallo Trust, the Center for Strategic Studies of Angola and religious institutions, in particular the Catholic Church.
In this ongoing process, along with the results outlined above, we
also highlight the following achievements:
 
Organization of seminars with the help of the UN in order to train instructors in the field of disarmament of the civilian population;
The exchange of experiences in this area with neighboring countries who live the same reality;
Signing of a protocol with the Center for Strategic Studies of Angola to carry out an inquiry on the impact of disarmament in the country; and,
Signing of a protocol of cooperation with the NGO The Halo Trust for the destruction of obsolete weapons.
 
Furthermore, Angola is aware of the long road that Iies ahead and would like to take this opportunity to reiterate the appeal to the international community, in particular the traditional partners in this fight, to continue to provide all the support necessary to the attainment of disarmament goals.
Thanks to the brave actions carried out by the Angolan Government in the first phase, we have registered a reduction in the proliferation of firearms and the consequent reduction of crimes committed with the use of these
means, which has been a significant contribution to a greater sense of security of our citizens.
 
Thank you.
 
DRAFT STATEMET BY H. E. GEORGE REBELO CHICOTI, SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EXTERNAL RELATIONS,
AT THE HIGH-LEVEL MEETING ON THE MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
 
 
Your Excellencies Co-Chairs,
Your Excellencies Heads of State and Government,
Ministers, Distinguished Delegates,
 
At the outset, I would like to welcome the holding of this important event, which offers us a unique opportunity to once again discuss openly the state of implementation of the Millennium Development Goals, and to launch new ideas to help materialize the commitments we assumed in a more effective manner.
 
My Delegation associates itself with the statement read by Yemen on behalf of the Group of 77 and China.
 
In its report titled: “Fulfilling the promise: a survey aimed at promoting a programme of action to achieve the Millennium Goals by 2015,” the Secretary General of the United Nations stressed that several countries have obtained very positive results in the fight against extreme poverty, have improved their levels of school attendance, children’s health, access to potable water, HIV/AIDS treatments and have made strides in the fight against malaria, tuberculosis and other tropical diseases.
 
Nevertheless, ten years after the adoption of the Millennium Declaration, the millennium development goals themselves are still far from being a reality. The fight against poverty cannot be won only with the holding of Conferences and Summits to negotiate more commitments to development.
Overcoming hunger and poverty requires primarily that we implement the international commitments we already made, for otherwise we would be locking ourselves in unproductive and repetitive cycle.
 
The international community must ensure that these commitments are translated into concrete actions. National policies should be supplemented and supported by international efforts aimed at creating an overall environment that is conducive to their implementation. Therefore, while we defend the principle of national responsibility, we urge the strengthening of regional and global partnerships for development.
 
Eradicating extreme poverty is a big challenge of our time and represents a major concern for the international community; it therefore requires that governments, the civil society and the private sector join forces as part of a closer and more effective partnership for development.
 
Eliminating hunger and poverty, improving the provision of public services such as health and education, reducing child mortality, respecting the environment, building adequate infrastructures, eliminating social exclusion in all its forms, and gender equality are ambitious but attainable goals. Accordingly, it remains important to include the millennium development goals in national strategies for poverty reduction and national development plans.
 
Excellencies,
 
We attach a great importance to this meeting because we believe that all is not lost. We must act swiftly and wisely in order to ensure that from this year on, there will be a better dynamic, and one capable of contributing to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals and other internationally agreed commitments.
 
I would like to draw your attention to some international mechanisms already agreed upon, which have been applied inconsistently or simply ignored, namely:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Excellencies,
 
All countries, collectively and individually, that are combining the efforts of their public and private sectors, should feel obliged to fight tenaciously to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, especially in African countries where the situation is particularly difficult. We are convinced that Africa has potential and once supported by the international community, it will be able to overcome challenges in order to enable the economic growth and sustainable development of the continent.
 
The right to development, along with others such as economic, social and cultural rights, is a right enshrined in the UN Charter, so we believe that the Millennium Declaration is a vehicle for the realization of this principle, for its vision and clauses are still pertinent.
 
Excellencies,
 
Shortly after the war ended in 2002, Angola started a broad National Reconstruction and Poverty Reduction Program. However, the international economic and financial crisis and the adverse effects of climate change have seriously affected the economic performance of most developing countries, and they have not spared the gigantic efforts that Angola had begun prior to that.
 
Nevertheless, Angola has seen improvements in all basic indicators of the Millennium Development Goals. More than 2 million children have been enrolled in primary education since 2002. The percentage of children attending school has risen sharply to 76%. Child survival has increased by 20%, and the percentage of children suffering from malaria has dropped to 23%
 
With regards to commitments in the health sector, we hope to reduce the infection rates of major infectious diseases like AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis by 2015 and drastically reduce the causes of death in women and children. Figures are beginning to be encouraging as a result of strong investments in infrastructures, especially in hospitals. Between 2000 and 2006, over 250 hospitals were built throughout the country, resulting in the reduction of maternal and infant mortality rates from 1400/100.000 live births in 2001 to 359/100.000 live births in 2008.

Moreover, in order to eradicate hunger and poverty, Angola has adopted the National Strategy for Food Security (2009-2014), a mechanism that will increase agricultural production in a sustainable manner
.
 
Excellencies,
 
Fighting hunger and poverty seems to my country a central pillar of harmonious and sustainable development, and it allows for ensuring respect for human rights while providing adequate living conditions for all citizens.
 
The Republic of Angola hereby expresses its strong commitment to the implementation of the Millennium Declaration through mechanisms that include the strengthening of human and institutional capacities, good governance, gender equality and the continuous improvement of the socio-economic conditions of the people.
 
Thank you. 
STATEMENT BY
 
 
HIS EXCELLENCY MR. GEORGES REBELO CHIKOTI

 SECRETARY OF STATE FOR EXTERNAL RELATIONS
 
OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA
 
 
AT THE GENERAL DEBATE

OF THE SIXTY-FIFTH SESSION
 
OF THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY


NEW YORK, 28 SEPTEMBER 2010
 
 
Mr. President,
 
Firstly, I would like to take this opportunity to congratulate you on your election as President of the 65th session of the General Assembly and to assure you that you can count on the support of Angola so that at the end of this session, we will all be better prepared to respond to the multiple and complex challenges facing the international community.

I also take this opportunity to convey, through you, our most sincere feelings of gratitude to the outgoing President, for the selfless manner in which he conducted the 64th session.
 
Mr. President,
 
In the last decade, we have witnessed several events that have profoundly marked the world community, including natural disasters and man-made disasters, which should lead us to consider the need to work towards a more cooperative and increasingly integrated world, as no one is immune to these phenomena.

The terrorist attack of 2001 on the twin towers of New York that killed over 3,000 people, the Tsunami of December 2004 that killed more than 200,000 people, the recent earthquake in Haiti that caused more than 200.000 deaths and the series of natural disasters that have occurred on every continent, added to the global financial and economic crisis, should awaken us to the fact that we live in a different world that requires broader cooperation among nations.
 
Therefore, in this modern world, the consequences of the irresponsibility of a few can have an impact on the lives of us all. It is thus imperative that we pursue relationships with more balance and equality between large and small and rich and poor because the new reality is that we are increasingly interdependent in this global world.
 
Angola, Mr. President, was always aware of the importance and the role reserved for the UN and multilateral diplomacy in general, because no country can progress and develop unilaterally, isolated from the community of nations and alienated from the common problems affecting humanity as a whole.

Mr. President,

In your speech at the General Assembly, on the occasion of your election, among other things, you set the following topics as priorities for the period of this 65th session:
·         Climate change;
·         The Millennium Development Goals;
·         Food security;
·         Sustainable Development;
·         Rebuilding and strengthening fragile states in post-conflict; and
·         Humanitarian Aid and Disarmament.
 
Angola is of the opinion that the environment and other issues mentioned by Your Excellency must remain a priority in the national and international agenda, as they are crucial for sustainable development, for the growth of our economies, for the implementation of national strategies to combat poverty and to the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals.
 
In the FAO African Regional Conference held recently in Luanda, the participants expressed concern about the impact of climate change on the food crisis in some regions, and recommended that States make an extra effort to reduce the impact of climate change on agriculture.
 

Mr. President,
 
Angola believes in the importance of multilateralism as the best form of treatment and resolution of the multifaceted challenges that humanity is confronted with today.
 
In this context, Angola advocates a shared commitment to find solutions at all levels for the problems we face. My country gives priority to political and diplomatic coordination and to the strengthening of institutional relations with the organizations of the United Nations system, as well as regional and sub-regional organizations to which it belongs, namely the African Union, SADC, ECCAS, ICGL, and the Commission on the Gulf of Guinea, the latter with headquarters in Angola.
 
Within the Commission on the Gulf of Guinea, Member States cooperate towards managing potential conflicts linked to sea borders, overseeing the management of shared maritime resources, as well as coordinating policies for the prevention of sea trafficking and piracy, thus providing security to a region that produces more than 15% of the world’s oil.
 
It is based on this motivation, Mr. President, that Angola and its armed forces bravely participated in the liberation of Southern Africa, having contributed to the independence of Namibia and the end of apartheid in South Africa. It was with that same motivation that we contributed to the stabilization of the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where with other international partners of the United Nations, we are participating in the formation of the DRC armed forces to date.
 
Today, the Angolan Armed Forces are a factor for stability not only for Angola but also for the Southern and Central regions of Africa, where we are part of the early warning mechanisms of SADC and ECCAS. We are currently committed to finding solutions to the crisis in Guinea-Bissau in close cooperation with other partners in West Africa, namely, the ECOWAS.
 
It was therefore with great amazement, Mr. President, that we learned of the mention of the Angolan Armed Forces’ involvement in alleged acts of human rights violations in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in a report intended to be circulated as a document of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.
 
We further stress that this document was produced at the initiative of an agency of the United Nations Secretariat with no specific mandate from the Secretary-General or UN Member States.
 
It is important to underline before this Noble Assembly that Angola intervened in the DRC based on a mandate by SADC at the request of the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This intervention contributed to the staunching of the bloodshed and to saving the lives of millions of people, and laid the groundwork for the negotiations that culminated with the establishment of the transitional government, the installation of the UN peacekeeping mission, and the successful holding of the first democratic elections, contributing also for the pacification of the Great Lakes region.
 
Angola vehemently rejects this suggestion and considers abnormal the manner in which this so-called “mapping exercise” was conducted, and it questions the motivations behind this venture.
 
We would like to reiterate, Mr. President, that Angola and the Angolan Armed Forces shall continue to act responsibly, based on international standards and scrupulous respect for human rights.
 
 
 

Mr. President,
 
The report that the Secretary General of the United Nations presented to the 65th session, document A/65/69, contains various references to peace and security, considering them essential to development and to the promotion and respect for human rights.
 
Angola shares the concerns of the Secretary General. Our experience shows that only peace, the democratic rule of law and respect for human rights can guarantee the stability necessary for sustainable development and the improvement of the living conditions of our people.
 
In this context, Angola encourages the efforts undertaken by regional organizations and the United Nations in conflict resolution and peacekeeping in order to ensure global security and stability.

Mr. President,
 
A situation that is certainly a concern for all of us is the conflict in the Middle East. Angola recognizes that it has lasted a long time, with serious consequences for the population, and for this reason we support the resumption of peace talks by President Barack Obama, aimed at creating a Palestinian state that co-exists peacefully with the State of Israel.
 
 
Mr. President,

Angola is concerned with the persistence of the economic, commercial and financial blockade against Cuba, despite successive resolutions of this General Assembly demanding its immediate removal.

This unilateral measure, particularly its extraterritorial effects, is contrary to the principles and norms of international laws and contributes to the precarious humanitarian and social situation of the Cuban population. In this connection, we reiterate our vehement appeal to the lifting of a measure whose anachronism has in numerous occasions been restated by this Assembly.

Regarding the question of Western Sahara, Angola notes with concern that despite various resolutions and UN initiatives, there has not been the type of progress that will lead to meeting the aspirations of the people of that region. In this context, we urge the Secretary-General to continue his efforts to attain these objectives.
 

Mr. President,
 
Mutually beneficial cooperation and promotion of peace, friendship, and the respect for human rights, remain the major drivers of the Angolan foreign policy, grounded in the observance of the principles of respect for sovereignty and territorial integrity, equality and non-interference in internal affairs of other countries.
 
Internally, and as a result of experiences during different periods in our history, which was marked by three decades of war and political instability, Angola is now entering a new cycle of which we are very proud, characterized by the adoption of a new constitution, which marks the end of the transition period and finally establishes a Democratic State and the rule of law.
 
We are aware that we still have a long way to go, especially taking into account all the time lost and delays accumulated in several areas.
 
But on the other hand, it seems important to us to emphasize that the progress already achieved was not by chance; it followed the efforts of the Angolan Executive Organs and the pragmatism of its policies and its commitment to improving the human development indexes, which certainly are reflected in the progress and welfare of populations.
 
After eight years of peace, Angola implemented economic and social reform policies that have allowed the revitalization of its economy and the rehabilitation of key infrastructures. Such policies have allowed the country’s annual growth rates to average double digits, with a direct impact on the improvement of basic indicators of the Millennium Development Goals.

Since 2002, more than 2 million children were enrolled in primary education. The percentage of children attending school has risen sharply to 76%. The rate of infant and maternal mortality fell considerably to 1400 | 100,000 live births in 2001, to 660 | 100 000 live births in 2010.

Moreover, in order to eradicate hunger and poverty, Angola has adopted the National Food Security Strategy (2009-2014) as a mechanism that will increase agricultural production sustainably.
 
We are convinced that the international community is also aware of how much still has to be done, particularly in the areas of funding for development, and the materialization of the commitments made at major international conferences on financing for development.
 
Mr. President,

For its importance in the democratization of international relations, the reform of the Security Council must remain a topic in the agenda of our organization.

In this context, Angola reiterates its support for the African common position embodied in the Ezulwini Consensus.
 
I thank you most sincerely for your attention.


 
 
 
                                                  STATEMENT BY
 
 
                                                 HIS EXCELLENCY
                           AMBASSADOR ISMAEL A. GASPAR MARTINS
                                   PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF
                                          THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA
                                             TO THE UNITED NATIONS
 
 
                               ON AGENDA ITEM: COOPERATION BETWEEN
                                 THE UNITED NATIONS AND THE REGIONAL
                                            AND OTHER ORGANIZATIONS
 
 
                                    ON BEHALF OF THE MEMBER STATES
                          OF THE COMMUNITY OF PORTUGUESE-SPEAKING
                                                  COUNTRIES (CPLP)
 
 
 
                                        NEW YORK, 16 DECEMBER 2010
 
 
 
Mr. President,
 
On behalf of the Members States of the Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries (CPLP), namely, Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, East Timor, and Sao Tome and Principe, I have the honor to introduce draft resolution L.23, entitled Cooperation between the United Nations and the Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries”, under agenda item 124.
 
Mr. President,
 
The CPLP brings together 240 million people in 8 countries and 4 continents. Its Member States are key players in the international arena at the United Nations, the European Union, The African Union, MERCOSUR, The Organization of American States, the South African Development Community, and also in the ASEAN Group.
 
One of the major objectives of the Community is to strengthen the cooperation among its member countries through political and diplomatic concerted action, particularly within the framework of international organizations, so as to give an ever greater expression to their common interests and needs within the international community. Another important goal we actively pursue is the intensification of bilateral and multilateral cooperation among member states, especially in sectors of health, education, agriculture, public administration and technology.
 
In the diplomatic front, CPLP is deeply involved in developing actions with other international partners that can assure the security, political stability and normal working of democratic institutions as has been the case currently in the Republic of Guinea-Bissau.
 
Mr. President,
 
This year, the draft resolution before the General Assembly aims at strengthening of cooperation between the Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries and the specialized agencies and other bodies and programs of the United Nations, in particular the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Fund for Agriculture Development, the International Labour Organization, the World Organization on Intellectual Property, the World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS.
This cooperation has been extremely important for the implementation of programs and for developing partnerships in projects to fight starvation, poverty, as well as the HIV/AIDS pandemic in CPLP countries, thus contributing towards assisting the countries to reach the Millennium goals while strengthening the synergies between the Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries and the specialized agencies and other bodies and programs of the United Nations, as well as regional and sub-regional organizations that have a direct impact on Portuguese speaking countries.
Mr. President,
The draft resolution also highlights the importance of the decision of the Community of Portuguese-speaking Countries, taken in Luanda in May 2009, to create CPLP Centers of Excellence for the Training of Trainers in the area of Peacekeeping Operations, with a view to continuing, and when possible, further enhancing the contributions of CPLP Member States to UN Peacekeeping Operations.
Finally, the draft resolution asks the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly, at its sixty-seventh session, a report on the implementation of the present resolution.
On behalf of the Members Countries of the CPLP, allow me to express our profound gratitude and appreciation to those countries that joined in sponsoring the draft resolution.
All the above mentioned actions should be subordinated to the unique principle of “Solidarity in Diversity”, which is one of the beacons of this presidency.
I thank you.

                                                    REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA

MINISTRY OF EXTERNAL RELATIONS

GOVERNMENT OF ANGOLA

 

Declaration from the Government of ANGOLA CONCERNING THE CRISIS IN COTE d'IVOIRE

 

The Angolan Government continues to follow with great concern the development of the post-electoral crisis in Cote d’Ivoire, which could trigger a conflict with unpredictable consequences and threaten peace and security in western Africa, an already fragile region where there are stabilizing processes in several countries with democracies that emerged recently after long wars that have tragically marked the sub region, more specifically in Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea Conakry, Guinea-Bissau and Niger.

Our concern becomes greater in light of upcoming new electoral processes that may be affected by the situation in Cote d’Ivoire and thus create new tragedies in the continent.

The Angolan Government witnesses with great apprehension the fact that all the measures taken by the international community are irreparably pushing Cote d’Ivoire towards war.

The celerity with which this degenerative process is occurring is but an indication of the grave anomalies and of the factors that negatively affected the situation in Cote d’Ivoire before, during and after the elections, and which continue to cloud the critical situation that prevails in the country.

It is indeed strange that in only 5 days, extreme and radical measures have been taken at the international level without first tackling all the issues and concerns resulting from the voting process itself in order to unequivocally determine a winner and also dissuade any subsequent refutations, and secondly without minimally utilizing all the means for a peaceful resolution of the dispute, i.e. through dialogue and negotiation, in conformity with the norms universally accepted in such cases.

The Angolan Government has been contacted by several entities and States regarding its involvement in a possible mediation round in order to find a solution to the crisis.

The Angolan Government favors a peaceful and negotiated solution to the Ivoirian conflict. It thus vehemently denounces the smear campaign alleging the detection of Angolan mercenaries or soldiers in Cote d’Ivoire and believes that this false news are part of the usual strategy of external interference in the affairs of the continent, aimed at denigrating its leaders and institutions and once again manipulate public opinion into believing that war is inevitable.

It is regrettable that at this moment, external powers are urging other African countries in the sub region to precipitate war as the solution to a problem which the Angolan Government believes can, and must be solved peacefully.

It is the understanding of the Angolan Government the crisis in Cote d’Ivoire is an African issue, and that it is therefore for Africans to assume the leadership in dealing with it.

Thus, the African Union must be responsible for such leadership in order to prevent the current conflict from irreversibly escalating into a human catastrophe by using all the means at its disposal.

 

THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA , DECEMBER 24, 2010.

 

REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA
 
GOVERNMENT OF ANGOLA
 
 
STATEMENT BY HIS EXCELLENCY JOSÉ EDUARDO DOS SANTOS,
PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA, AT THE CEREMONY OF PRESENTATION OF NEW YEAR’S GREETINGS
TO THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS IN ANGOLA
Luanda, January 13th, 2011
 
 
EXCELLENCY THE DEAN OF THE DIPLOMATIC CORPS,
YOUR EXCELLENCIES AMBASSADORS AND HEADS OF MISSION,
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN,
 
It is with great satisfaction that I welcome the distinguished members of the Diplomatic Corps and their spouses to our traditional meeting at the beginning of each year at the Presidential Palace.

These meetings always provide a pleasant time and allow us to exchange opinions and useful information about the relations of friendship and cooperation among our countries.

I wish you all a prosperous 2011 and I hope that it is full of accomplishments, both in the professional arena and in the fulfillment of the dreams and aspirations of each one of you .
 
In the year that just ended, we still had to face some issues resulting from the international economic and financial crisis. We also had to deal with political crises and outbreaks of tension or conflict that erupted in various parts of the world, as well as natural disasters, which have caused enormous damages and losses in human lives.

Nevertheless, we saw some progress as a result of efforts made by several countries with the aim of contributing to a healthier atmosphere in the relations among nations and to improve the living conditions of their peoples
.
 
In Angola, with the approval of the new Constitution, we adopted a new system of government that is best suited to the current stage of political, economic, social and cultural development, all in a democratic framework and with utmost respect for the rights, freedoms and guarantees of citizens.
 
In this process of physical, institutional and spiritual reconstruction on the path to a new Angola, and one that is more stable, prosperous and happy, we wish to continue to count
with the multiform and mutually beneficial cooperation of our international partners. It is our understanding that the respect and strengthening of State institutions and its authority are as important for the economic and social development of African countries as are peace and stability .
 
In this context, the prevention of political and military crises, and the search, when they arise, for peaceful and negotiated solutions in order to avoid the postponement of economic and social development and the worsening of the living conditions of populations should be considered strategic priorities.

We welcome the stabilization processes underway in some countries that
lived through war, namely Ethiopia, Mozambique, Congo-Brazzaville, and Angola, among others, because they represent hope for a better future for millions of people.

We express, however, our concern when military solutions are proposed
to resolve crises such as the one in Côte d’Ivoire, ignoring the rules of domestic and
international law, and sometimes the very evidence presented by the facts.

The facts specifically tell us the following:
The President of the Electoral Commission released the results of the second round of presidential elections when it was out of his competence to do so, since his term, for the purposes defined by law, was expired, and since the issue had been transferred to the Constitutional Council for due consideration and treatment ;
 
2° -  The UN representative in Côte d’Ivoire, in a hastened move, certified and announced those results when the relevant UN resolution states that the certification should focus on the election results validated by the Constitutional Council, which had not yet made a pronouncement ;
 
3° -   The declaration by the United Nations representative misled the whole International community, since the Constitutional Council had not validated the provisional results released by the President of the Electoral Commission as a result of having accepted objections and complaints of serious irregularities and fraud, which undermined these
results;
 
- The Constitutional Council is, in fact, the only organ with the legal competence to validate and publish the final results of the elections ;
 
5° - Under the law, the Constitutional Council should recommend the holding of new elections within 45 days, but it did not proceed in this manner and instead reported results that attributed the victory to another candidate .
 
Considering the above facts, it is difficult for Angola to accept that there is an elected President in Côte d’Ivoire.

We believe, however, that there is a constitutional president—the current
President of the Republic, who must remain in power until the new elections, as
established by the electoral law of that country.

The greatest difficulty now is that 45 days are not enough to create a
favorable climate for elections and the current crisis situation complicates the matter further.
We are, therefore, of the opinion that any military intervention in the particular case of
Côte d’Ivoire would have an adverse effect, with serious consequences beyond its
borders.

The Angolan Executive supports and encourages dialogue and negotiation to overcome the crisis in this brother country and believes that by demonstrating political will, wisdom and realism, it is possible to find a solution that focuses first and foremost on the legitimate
interests of all the people of Côte d’Ivoire.
 
Through the competent institutions of the African Union, Africa must prove its maturity, experience and ability to solve the problems of our Continent, even the most complex and delicate, in lieu of waiting for inadequate solutions imposed from outside.

AMBASSADORS,
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN,

In today’s world, solutions imposed by force, intimidation or terror are no longer acceptable, because they clash with the universal values and principles which underlie the actions of the peoples moving towards peace, progress and well being.

Together, we must all create a barrier against terrorism, drug trafficking, illegal immigration and other ills that affect our societies as a contribution to a freer and more secure world.

I appreciate the kind words spoken by the Dean of the Diplomatic Corps, especially when he praised our economic performance and expressed sympathy and solidarity with the Angolan people.
 
 
I wish everyone a happy and prosperous 2011!
I would now like to invite you to make a toast to friendship among Peoples.
 
STATEMENT OF THE CPLP
 AT THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL MEETING ON GUINEA-BISSAU

June 28, 2011
 
Mr. President,
My country addresses the Security Council on behalf of the member countries of the CPLP—Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, Sao Tome and Principe and East Timor - and in the quality of current President of the CPLP .
 
When participating in this important meeting of the Security Council, which includes Brazil and Portugal as non-permanent members, dedicated to the analysis of the situation in Guinea-Bissau with particular emphasis on issues related to the Reform of the Security Sector, Angola does it fully aware of the importance of the cooperation between multilateral and bilateral actors involved in the stabilization of Guinea-Bissau under the aegis of the United Nations, whose special representative of the Secretary-General for Guinea-Bissau has been doing a recognizably remarkable job, and one that we are pleased to praise.
 
Under the coordination of the United Nations and in close partnership with the Government of Guinea-Bissau, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the African Union, the European Union, and the CPLP are committed to the implementation of the Roadmap for Security Sector Reform with determination and a genuine will to produce the expected results, namely the effective subordination of the Guinean Armed Forces and other organs of their defense and security institutions to political power .
 
This process includes upgrading and refurbishing these organs in order to ensure the preservation of institutions and the democratic regime, as well as the reform of the Justice Sector in order to give it the appropriate means to effectively combat impunity, organized crime and drug trafficking .
 
Besides its multilateral facet, CPLP member countries have shown a great sense of solidarity and commitment in this process at the bilateral level. Tangible actions that are direct contributions to the goals of the Roadmap have been implemented at various levels, with emphasis on the important political and diplomatic role of Cape Verde, Mozambique and Sao Tome and Principe in promoting dialogue with a view to national reconciliation in Guinea- Bissau .
 
Brazil is developing a training program for the Guinea-Bissau security forces, which includes the establishment of a training center that will feature Brazilian instructors for the three security branches (Public Order Police, State Information Service, and Judiciary Police). Brazil will also establish a training center for military officers. Moreover, Brazil continues to provide training for young Guineans at Brazilian military academies.
 
Portugal is carrying out a basic police training program, including refresher courses in public security and judicial policing, as well as training judges and prison guards. Portugal is also supporting the implementation of the country’s organic laws, developed with the support of the European Union .
 
In February 2011, Angola installed the Mission to Support Security and Defense Sector Reform in Guinea-Bissau (MISSANG) to provide military and technical assistance to defense and security organs and to rebuild the military infrastructure. To this end, the Angolan Government has provided a value of $ 30 million dollars .
 
Mr. President,
 
The CPLP welcomes the current climate of truce which is now felt in Guinea-Bissau, especially the good relations among its national institutions, political forces and civil society, with an emphasis on the ongoing national dialogue involving the Guinean diaspora .
 
After discussions with the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, held last November at a meeting of the Guinea-Bissau Configuration of the Peacebuilding Commission, member countries were encouraged to support the deliberations of both financial institutions on Guinea- Bissau. In December, the IMF and the World Bank declared that Guinea-Bissau had reached the completion of the HIPC Initiative and decided to support the relief of the country's debt, worth over one billion dollars. In this context, on May 10th, the Paris Club creditors announced the forgiveness of Guinea-Bissau’s 283 million debt. The CPLP welcomes the decisions of the IMF, the World Bank and the Paris Club .
 
As well as being demonstrative of the efforts of the Guinean Government and the progress already made, along with other bilateral and multilateral initiatives, these actions also reflect the convergence of the international community with regard to the assessment of the situation in Guinea-Bissau.
 
Taking into account the negative impact of illicit drugs in Guinea-Bissau and the sub-region of West Africa, the CPLP welcomes and supports the recent commitment of the authorities of ECOWAS in mobilizing Western African Countries against transnational organized crime and stressed the need for close collaboration with the High Political Committee of the African West Coast Initiative (WACI POLCOM). Incidentally, the POLCOM adopted a set of recommendations including the holding of a conference of donors to extend financial support for international activities to materialize the WACI in order to support the implementation of the ECOWAS Plan of Action
 
WACI offers an appropriate response to the transnational nature of drug trafficking through the establishment of Transnational Crime Units (TCUs ) in countries that have joined the Initiative . Now, i t is necessary that the international community supports the operationalization of the TCU in Bissau. The Government of Guinea-Bissau has already appointed a Board of Directors and a President for the TCU , which will be installed later this month . It is very important to strengthen international cooperation in combating transnational organized crime , based on the principle of common and shared responsibility, and that countries of origin, transit and destination become increasingly involved in combating drug trafficking.

The CPLP notes with satisfaction the adoption the by National Steering Committee of the Peacebuilding Priority Plan for Guinea -Bissaufor the period 2011-2013 , on June 15th of this year . Therefore , the CPLP encourages the rapid availability of the amount of 16.8 million from the PBF to expedite the implementation of planned activities , in order to prevent uncertainty and insecurity in the country
.
 
Senhor Presidente,
 
Guinea-Bissau is still facing challenges in several areas, including in combating impunity, drug trafficking, the need to subordinate the military to civilian authorities and the demobilization and renewal of the staff of the Armed Forces .
 
The CPLP has taken note of the information provided by the Minister of Defense on the timing of the schedule of actions to be performed by the government of Guinea-Bissau . On this last point On this last point, I would like to stress the importance of quickly rendering operational the Armed Forces Pension Fund, a key step in the whole security sector reform process .
 
The international community's commitment is crucial for this step, and we thus welcome the decision of ECOWAS to contribute $45 million dollars to the Fund, out of a total of 63 million dollars attributed to the security sector reform. CPLP member countries will also contribute to it, and we call on other partners of Guinea-Bissau, especially those who have followed and supported the Security Sector Reform, to contribute in the same sense .
 
    The CPLP further calls for the understanding of international and bilateral partners of the need to mobilize additional resources to contribute to the successful implementation of national poverty reduction strategies, as well as the Joint CPLP-ECOWAS Roadmap for the Reform of the Security Sector. We believe that only then can the sustainability and irreversibility of peacebuilding and political stability in Guinea-Bissau be possible .
For the success of the process, the CPLP and the Government encourage the State of Guinea-Bissau, as well as its political forces and civil society in general to join the international community's efforts towards the full implementation of the ongoing program to ensure peace, security, stability and socio-economic development in the country. Some concerns which were duly raised by the European Union and shared by all the defenders of the democratic state of law, will now be found answers and solutions for, and therefore, it is imperative that the partners of Guinea-Bissau do not isolate or alienate it, but that they act with understanding, and that they all support and participate in this massive effort to rebuild the country and its unity and national reconciliation .
 

The CPLP also encourages the authorities of Guinea-Bissau to continue to undertake the necessary efforts to pursue a policy of good governance, respect for human rights, combating impunity and drug trafficking and organized crime, thereby transmitting positive signals to stimulate the main international and bilateral donors.
 
Thank you.
 
 
REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA
 
 
 
 
STATEMENT BY
 
HIS EXCELLENCY MR. GEORGES RIBELO CHICOTI
 
MINISTER FOR EXTERNAL AFFAIRS
 
OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA
 
 
AT THE GENERAL DEBATE
 
OF THE SIXTY-SIXTH SESSION
 
OF THE UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY
 
 
 
NEW YORK, 26 SEPTEMBER 2011
 
 
 
 
 
CHECK AGAINST DELIVERY
 


Mr. President,

Secretary-General,

Distinguished Delegates,

Ladies and Gentlemen,
 
I would like to take this opportunity to congratulate Your Excellency for your election to preside over the work of this 66th Session of UN General Assembly and to assure you of the support and cooperation of the Angolan delegation for the success of the work of this session.
I also want to express our gratitude to Your predecessor, Ambassador Joseph Deiss, for the competent and impartial manner in which he conducted the proceedings of the 65th session .
May I also congratulate the Secretary-General for his re-election and assure him of the support of my Government for the success of his much complex and demanding mission in the service of peace and cooperation among nations, a cornerstone of the mandate embodied in the Charter of our Organization .
We congratulate the Republic of South Sudan for its admission as a member of the United Nations. We wish South Sudan a future of peace and prosperity and guarantee the availability of the Government of Angola to cooperate with this new State’s effort to consolidate its independence and its socio-economic development .
We are also pleased with the creation of UN-Women, and we are certain that it will give further impetus to the promotion and empowerment of women and the achievement of their legitimate rights .
 
Mr. President,
This session of the General Assembly takes place at a particularly complex moment in the international arena, characterized by so many crises that I believe it not be an exaggeration to say that they challenge the very foundations of our international organization.
Thus, if I list them, though not exhaustively, I can cite the current economic and financial crisis, which triggered the most serious social crisis witnessed by our generation; a dangerous environmental crisis of unpredictable consequences for the future of humanity and that will be irreversible unless the international community as a whole applies immediate and courageous measures; a general escalation of violence and the outbreak of conflict, which combined with the environmental crisis, has caused the most serious humanitarian crisis that humanity has witnessed since the end the 2nd World War. In conclusion, we live in a dangerous situation where a combination of factors endangers the stability, peace and security in the world .
The diagnosis of the present international situation made by the majority of the speakers who preceded me and that we share, constitutes a call to our collective responsibility .
A particularly disturbing factor is the current economic and financial crisis that has affected virtually every country in the world and spilled more heavily in developing countries, with serious consequences for political stability and social cohesion in these countries .
Therefore, it is urgent to find solutions to these problems, which will require the strengthening of international cooperation on a basis of greater justice and equality. Moreover, it is urgent to take measures aimed at deepening economic reforms within States that promote economic growth and social development.
Heavily affected by this international economic and financial crisis, Angola has adopted a set of measures to mitigate its most adverse effects, and without prejudice to the maintenance of macroeconomic balances, has focused considerable resources in the fight against poverty and social development.
 
Mr. President,
The Theme of this General Assembly session – “The role of mediation in peaceful conflict resolution” - reveals the deep concern of the international community with the need for an integrated approach in resolving conflicts that affect international society.
That is what makes it necessary to implement mediation efforts after conflicts have started. Conflict prevention should be the key element in the management of any areas of tension .
Respect for fundamental rights and freedoms, the rule of law, and good governance bodies are basic needs for any human society to live in peace and harmony, and are the main guarantee of effective conflict prevention .
There are other elements I would like to mention that are an important cause of the spread of conflicts: I am referring to external interference, done in gross violation of international law, and which most of the time obstructs efforts at mediation and peaceful resolution, and prevents solutions to these conflicts .
Angola paid a very high price as a result of such interference, that for too long a time fed a fratricidal conflict that Angolans finally settled and wisely overcame with magnanimity, fairness and inclusion under of the auspices of the leadership of H.E. José Eduardo dos Santos . The role of Angola and its contribution to internal and regional peace should be seen in the broader context of conflict resolution by allowing the implementation of Security Council emblematic resolution 435 of 1978, which led to the independence of Namibia and created the conditions for a peaceful coexistence in a region that endured extreme hostility and constituted a permanent threat to world peace .
Instilled with a spirit of fraternity, the government of Angola has spared no efforts to pursue its policy of effective reconciliation, which has allowed the inclusion of all its children previously in conflict. That was a true investment in peace, a decisive factor in the process of post-conflict reconstruction .
Angola has served as a reference point for the resolution of some conflicts on the African continent, and has spared no effort in sharing its experience with other peoples and countries .  
Also in the context of conflict resolution, it is important to strengthen the role of multilateralism following the logic of a new thought of responsibility and shared benefits, based on the recognition of the legitimate interests of all parties, on consultation and dialogue and in the search for workable solutions to issues of international peace and security.
It is thus inevitable to refer to the instruments of cooperation between the Security Council and the African Union, and to the role of the United Nations and the regional institutions in preventing and resolving conflicts, and it is of crucial importance to strengthen the action of regional organizations in the management of stressful situations that may constitute threats to peace and security .
In this connection, the Security Council has the primary role in the prevention and resolution of conflicts, and in the maintenance of peace in accordance with the powers conferred upon it by the Charter of the United Nations .
The central theme of our debate also calls for the need to reform the Security Council, and to the imperative of a fair representation of all regions and the expansion of its permanent members, thus adapting the Security Council to the contemporary reality .  
Mr. President,
At the regional level and in the implementation of a policy of peaceful cooperation, Angola is a member of SADC, ECCAS (Economic Community of Central African Countries), the Commission of the Gulf of Guinea and the CPLP (Community of Portuguese Language Countries), which with several partners, has acted on the basis of preventive diplomacy and the search for peaceful solutions to the different crises that have arisen .
Regarding the constitutional crisis in Madagascar, SADC (Southern Africa Development Community) has mediated the recent signing by all parties involved of the roadmap for the implementation of the reconciliation process, which should lead to elections and the restoration of constitutional normality, and has constituted an important breakthrough in the process—one which Angola welcomes .
The Brotherly country of Guinea-Bissau, our partner in the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries, has been the subject of special attention from Angola. As part of the CPLP, Angola and other member states have strived to establish a strategic partnership with ECOWAS, under the coordination of the United Nations, aiming to bring political stability to the country so that it can carry out major structural reforms, in particular the reform of the defense and security sector. We welcome the positive developments that the country now lives, and encourage the authorities of Guinea-Bissau to pursue vigorously the process of stabilizing the country .
The drought in the Horn of Africa is a reason of deep concern to my country and the entire international community. In Somalia, the consequences of drought are felt even more due to the prevalence of armed conflict, which worsens its humanitarian crisis, shocks the universal conscience and calls for a redoubled effort by the international community. Angola joins the international humanitarian assistance efforts and the search for political solutions to end the armed conflict, and to open new prospects for a better future for the Somali people .
Concerning the situation in Libya, the Angolan government hopes that the Libyan people can find stability in the very short term, which can only be achieved through the free exercise of their democratic rights; in this context, Angola urges the National Transitional Council to promote genuine national reconciliation and to form an inclusive government, as those are prerequisites for Libya to regain its rightful place in the African and International arena.  
However , we should make use of lessons learned with a view to a more effective cooperation between external partners and the African Union in seeking joint solutions based on international law and mutual respect.
Angola remains concerned by the weak progress in addressing the problem of Western Sahara, which remains an important issue on the international agenda. We call on the warring parties to resume negotiations under the auspices of the United Nations and the African Union, so that the people of Western Sahara can exercise their right to self-determination .
The situation in the Middle East, particularly in the Palestinian territories, is one of the most serious problems facing the international community. Angola sees with great concern the escalation of the conflict and the lack of progress towards a solution of the Palestinian question, and, in line with the general position of the international community regarding the conflict, advocates the creation of an independent Palestinian State, living side by side with the State of Israel, in peace and security, within secure internationally recognized borders .    
 
Mr. President,
This 66th session of UN General Assembly, in similarity to what happened in previous sessions, will address the embargo imposed on Cuba, which violates the rules of free trade. In spite of the timid steps taken to normalize the situation, Angola reiterates its position of principle by reaffirming the need to end the economic, financial and commercial embargo against Cuba.
Mr. President,
Angola has been giving its contribution in finding solutions to the most pressing problems, and within the broader international community, we have sought to cooperate with all countries based on mutual interest, and on upholding the highest ideals of peace and cooperation for development .
 
We will continue this path, convinced that the defense and promotion of these principles contribute to the development and advancement of all peoples.
 
Thank you
STATEMENT BY
 
HIS EXCELLENCY
AMBASSADOR ISMAEL A. GASPAR MARTINS
PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE
OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA
TO THE UNITED NATIONS
 
AT THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
 
ON THE EMBARGO AGAINST CUBA
 
 
NEW YORK , 25 OCTOBER 2011
 
Mr. President,
 
The Delegation of Angola has voted in favor of the Resolution A/66/L4 we have just adopted and let me gladly welcome this decision.
 
Mr. President,

After many years of the economic, financial, and commercial embargo imposed by the United States of America against Cuba, the Republic of Angola joins the international community to call for an end to this measure that has lasted more than half a century and is a flagrant violation of human rights and of the rights of the people of Cuba.
 
For many 17th consecutive years that the UN General Assembly has adopted a resolution urging all countries, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, to withdraw all laws and regulations with extraterritorial measures that undermine the sovereignty of states, undermine the legitimate rights and interests of entities and persons under the jurisdiction of these States, and affect their freedom of trade and navigation.

Yet we remain perplexed that the United States embargo against Cuba remains in place. The extraterritorial policies arising from the embargo constitute a violation to the sovereignty of States and an encroachment upon the right of persons, entities, institutions and companies under the jurisdiction of such States to establish or propose economic, commercial, financial or scientific/technical relations with the Republic of Cuba, thus affecting the country’s social and economic development. We appeal to the international community to continue the efforts to support a deeper engagement of both countries in a constructive dialogue in order to identify a definitive solution to this problem.   This, Mr. President, is a man-made problem, only dependent on good will for a solution. We reiterate our appeal for such good political will.
 
Mr. President,
 
According to the report of the Secretary-General A/63/93, there were no improvements towards ending the embargo, even with the timid measures announced by the U.S. administration, which, instead, extended the embargo for an additional year and worsened the impact of measures.
 
The embargo goes beyond the financial and commercial relations between the U.S. and Cuba and its implications in this globalized world severely penalize the Cuban people, as the embargo prevents the implementation of economic programs aimed at the socio-economic stability of the island.
 
While adhering to the principles embodied in the UN Charter and respecting all relevant resolutions adopted by the General Assembly, the Republic of Angola reaffirms its commitment to the norms of international law which support the need to eliminate all forms of coercive economic measures as a means of political persuasion.
 
In this context, the Government of Angola has voted in favour of the resolution, since the embargo is in flagrant violation with the right of sovereignty and equality among States, and it also violates the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other States.
 
Thank you, Mr. President.
 
STATEMENT BY
 
HIS EXCELLENCY
AMBASSADOR ISMAEL A. GASPAR MARTINS
PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE
OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA
TO THE UNITED NATIONS
 
AT THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
 
ON THE EMBARGO AGAINST CUBA
 
 
NEW YORK , 25 OCTOBER 2011
 
Mr. President,
 
The Delegation of Angola has voted in favor of the Resolution A/66/L4 we have just adopted and let me gladly welcome this decision.
 
Mr. President,

After many years of the economic, financial, and commercial embargo imposed by the United States of America against Cuba, the Republic of Angola joins the international community to call for an end to this measure that has lasted more than half a century and is a flagrant violation of human rights and of the rights of the people of Cuba.
 
For many 17th consecutive years that the UN General Assembly has adopted a resolution urging all countries, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, to withdraw all laws and regulations with extraterritorial measures that undermine the sovereignty of states, undermine the legitimate rights and interests of entities and persons under the jurisdiction of these States, and affect their freedom of trade and navigation.

Yet we remain perplexed that the United States embargo against Cuba remains in place. The extraterritorial policies arising from the embargo constitute a violation to the sovereignty of States and an encroachment upon the right of persons, entities, institutions and companies under the jurisdiction of such States to establish or propose economic, commercial, financial or scientific/technical relations with the Republic of Cuba, thus affecting the country’s social and economic development. We appeal to the international community to continue the efforts to support a deeper engagement of both countries in a constructive dialogue in order to identify a definitive solution to this problem.   This, Mr. President, is a man-made problem, only dependent on good will for a solution. We reiterate our appeal for such good political will.
 
Mr. President,
 
According to the report of the Secretary-General A/63/93, there were no improvements towards ending the embargo, even with the timid measures announced by the U.S. administration, which, instead, extended the embargo for an additional year and worsened the impact of measures.
 
The embargo goes beyond the financial and commercial relations between the U.S. and Cuba and its implications in this globalized world severely penalize the Cuban people, as the embargo prevents the implementation of economic programs aimed at the socio-economic stability of the island.
 
While adhering to the principles embodied in the UN Charter and respecting all relevant resolutions adopted by the General Assembly, the Republic of Angola reaffirms its commitment to the norms of international law which support the need to eliminate all forms of coercive economic measures as a means of political persuasion.
 
In this context, the Government of Angola has voted in favour of the resolution, since the embargo is in flagrant violation with the right of sovereignty and equality among States, and it also violates the principle of non-interference in the internal affairs of other States.
 
Thank you, Mr. President.
 
Statement by
His Excellency Ambassador Ismael A. Gaspar Martins
Permanent Representantive
of the Republic of Angola to The United Nations
 
On behalf of The
Community Of Portuguese
Speaking Countries (CPLP)
At the Security Council
on East Timor
New York , 22 November 2011
 
Your Excellency Minister of State for Foreign Affairs of Portugal and President of the Security Council,
 
I address You on behalf of the Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries, CPLP, namely Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, Sao Tome and Principe, East Timor and Angola, my own country, which is the current President of the Community.

At the outset, please allow me to welcome the participation in this session of H. E. the Minister of Foreign Affairs of East Timor, and Her Excellency the Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs of Brazil
.
 
We are pleased to participate in this important meeting of the Security Council, which includes Brazil and Portugal as non-permanent members, dedicated to the analysis of the situation in East Timor.

We would also like to take this opportunity to thank the Secretary General for the submission of his report on the UN Integrated Mission in East Timor (UNMIT).

It is with great pleasure that I take the floor, particularly because this debate will discuss the situation in the most recent member of our community, East Timor. East Timor is one of the scenarios where cooperation within the CPLP has proved important for all Member States concerned, and we sincerely hope that the result of our joint efforts will benefit the country
.
 
With the support of Member States, East Timor and the Executive Secretariat of the CPLP have been working towards the establishment of a Permanent Representative of the CPLP in Dili. We welcome the commitment of the Timorese authorities in this process, demonstrated by the recent allocation of a space for the representative, as well as the allocation of funds necessary to the construction of the Foreign Ministry, which we hope will very soon allow the implementation of the CPLP Strategic Plan for the country, especially regarding the promotion and dissemination of the Portuguese language as a vehicle of communication and everyday language of work and business, as well as institutional capacity building in the areas of justice and public administration.

It is with particular satisfaction that I recall the importance of the Eight Summit of Heads of State and Government of the CPLP, held in Luanda in July 23, 2010, where it was decided to reshape the future mandate of the Permanent Representation in Dili, so as to contain, as an equally central element, a strong cultural component to support the use of Portuguese in East Timor beyond the political component under its original mandate
.
 
East Timor ’s commitment to forging a strong relationship with the CPLP has also been demonstrated in its performance as the current President of the CPLP Parliamentary Assembly, and in the good results achieved at its Third Session, held in Dili in late September .
 
Mr. President,
 
The Member States of the CPLP will remain committed to continuing the excellent cooperation with East Timor to strengthen its stability, the consolidation of its institutions and the growth of its economy, a process that also contributes to a growing affirmation of the country at the regional level, with benefits that will aid the projection of the CPLP in Southeast Asia and the Pacific. Possibly as early as 2014, the Presidency of the CPLP will be another interesting challenge for East Timor, which will for the first time be in the leadership of the work of our Community.

In this context, ASEAN’s recent acceptance of East Timor’s application for membership to that regional space, and its appointment of a working group to analyze the process of accession itself, is a further demonstration East Timor’s progress in recent years
.
 
I am also pleased to see that East Timor is taking its first steps as a country that contributes to peace and security in the world, as shown by the integration of the F-FDTL soldiers into the UNIFIL in Lebanon, as well as into the UNIOGBIS, in Guinea-Bissau, and the placement of a military observer in South Sudan.

In another aspect, East Timor will also certainly contribute with its example to a more peaceful and secure world; I am referring to the lessons learned and shared by East Timor with regard to the peaceful conduct of demobilization of veterans of the liberation struggle, of new military recruits, as well as the new legislative framework for the integration of the F-FDTL, in a process of professionalization of the Defense Forces of East Timor that should make proud all those that serve the people and democracy in East Timor.

East Timor has been consistently improving its position in the human development index, as shown by the latest report of the UNDP, and the recently adopted National Strategic Development Plan will certainly further boost the country’s strong economic growth despite the international crisis, as well as help to modernize the country and to combat poverty
.
 
Mr. President,
 
The next year of 2012 will be of great importance for the consolidation of the Timorese democracy, and the Community I represent today has complete trust in the maturity of the people and leaders of East Timor to carry out the next political steps and we are certain that the next presidential and legislative elections will take place in an environment of peace and security, reflecting the positive developments the country has experienced in recent years. The Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries maintains its solidarity with East Timor and has confidence in the people of East Timor’s capacity to maintain peace and stability, which are imperative conditions for an economic and social development that will make East Timor a contributor of increased stability and security in the region .
 
Thank You.
 

                                                                                           STATEMENT BY

 

                                                                      MR. ANTONIO COELHO RAMOS DA CRUZ

                                                                                     MINISTER COUNSELLOR

                                                                                   CHARGE D’AFFAIRES, A.I.

                                                                        OF THE PERMANENT MISSION OF THE

                                                                                 THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA

                                                                                  TO THE UNITED NATIONS

  

                                                                                       ON BEHALF OF THE

                                                          COMMUNITY OF PORTUGUESE SPEAKING COUNTRIES

                                                                                                   (CPLP)

  

                                                                                   AT THE SECURITY COUNCIL

                                                                           ON THE SITUATION IN TIMOR-LESTE

 

 

                                                                                   NEW YORK, 22 FEBRUARY 2012

 

 

 

 

Mr. President,

 

Members of the Security Council,

 

Your Excellency the Special Representative of the Secretary-General,

 

I am addressing Your Excellencies on behalf of the Community of Portuguese-Speaking Countries (CPLP), namely Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, São Tome and Príncipe, Timor-Leste, and my own country, Angola, which is the current Chair of the Community.

 

At the outset, I would like to welcome the participation in this session of His Excellency Dr. José Ramos-Horta , President of Timor-Leste.

 

We would also like to take this opportunity to welcome the report by the Secretary-General on the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT) .

 

It is with great pleasure that we note the progress made by Timor-Leste in recent times and how the report of the Secretary-General does justice to it. Timor-Leste is one of the scenarios where cooperation within the CPLP has proved very important for all Member States, and we sincerely hope that the result of our joint efforts is a benefit to the Timorese nation .

 

The installation of the Permanent Representation of the CPLP in Dili, Timor-Leste, is making progresses thanks to the invaluable support of the Timorese authorities. Moreover, the CPLP Strategic Plan for Timor should be in place soon, especially in the areas of promotion and dissemination of the Portuguese language. Thus, the reformulation of the mandate of the Permanent Representation that was agreed at the summit in Luanda, with a strong cultural component and support for the use of Portuguese in Timor-Leste, in addition to the political component, assumes a new importance .

 

Timor-Leste’s commitment to forging a strong relationship with the CPLP has also been demonstrated in its performance as the current President of the CPLP Parliamentary Assembly and the good results achieved in its third session, held in Dili in September 2011 . The CPLP has confidence in the country's political stability, which has been reflected in the preparation of political parties for electoral disputes, with the holding of each party’s congress in a peaceful environment. The CPLP also supports the initiatives of the Government concerning stabilization and reconciliation through institutional dialogue .

 

Mr. President ,

 

The Member States of the CPLP will remain committed to continuing the excellent cooperation so far developed with Timor-Leste to strengthen its stability, the consolidation of its institutions and the growth of its economy—a process that also contributes to the growing assertion of the country in its region, which is beneficial to the CPLP’s projection in Southeast Asia and the Pacific .

 

Timor Leste’s successful application for membership in ASEAN and the appointment of a working group to examine the accession process is in itself a demonstration of how the country has made progress in recent years.

We are furthermore pleased to see that Timor-Leste is taking its first steps as a country that contributes to peace and security in the world, with the integration of F-FDTL soldiers in UNIFIL in Lebanon, UNIOGBIS in Guinea-Bissau, as well as a military observer in South Sudan
.

 

In other aspects, Timor-Leste will certainly be an example to follow for a more peaceful and more secure world—I am referring to the lessons learned and shared by Timor-Leste with regard to the peaceful demobilization of the veterans of the fight for liberation, the new military recruits, as well as the legislation concerning F-FDTL, a process of professionalization of the defense forces of Timor-Leste, which should take pride in themselves for serving the people and democracy in Timor.

Mr. President
,

 

The year of 2012 is of great importance for the consolidation of the Timorese democracy and the Community I represent reaffirms its confidence in the maturity of the Timorese people and leaders for the political steps that lie ahead. We are certain that the next presidential and legislative elections will take place in an environment of tranquility and security, reflecting the positive developments that have been registered in the country in recent years.

The Community of Portuguese Speaking Countries maintains its solidarity towards Timor-Leste and has confidence in the capacity of the Timorese leaders and people to maintain peace and stability, as these are essential conditions for the economic and social development that can make Timor-Leste a factor of increased stability and security in the region.

Thank you.

 

 

 

STATEMENT BY HIS EXCELLENCY JOS É EDUARDO DOS SANTOS, PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA, AT THE CENTRAL 'PEACE DAY' COMMEMORATION CEREMONY
Luena, April 4th, 2012

  
  
DISTINGUISHED GUESTS,
ANGOLAN PEOPLE,
PEOPLE OF MOXICO,
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN
,

 

  

The 4th of April is a special day for Angola. It is a day of celebration and joy.

 

On this date, the war that had lasted decades, had led to huge losses in human lives and destroyed the country came to a definitive end.

 

It was here in the beautiful city of Luena, province of Moxico, that Angolans reached an understanding and concluded the Peace and National Reconciliation Agreements which were solemnly signed in Luanda on April 4th, 2002 .

 

I would like to ask for a round of applause in honor of all who have made sacrifices and contributed to the advent of peace and political stability in Angola .

 

Their achievements are unforgettable and therefore will be recorded forever in the country’s collective memory, and will be symbolized by this beautiful Monument To Peace we have just inaugurated and which is a place to visit and learn important facts of our history and to promote the education of new generations .

 

It was with great satisfaction that I received the invitation to visit Moxico. The province has a strong a tradition of resistance to colonialism. In Moxico, the Liberation Movements developed an armed struggle against the Portuguese colonial army, and the MPLA liberated large areas over a period of time where it established new models of social and political organization .

 

With the support of the people, a large guerrilla movement created immense difficulties for the colonial power, which had to resort to aerial bombings with ‘napalm’ to prevent its progression. It is no coincidence that the late Dr. Agostinho Neto agreed to sign, on behalf of the MPLA, a cease-fire agreement with the Portuguese army that ended the colonial war in the town of Luameje, here in Moxico .

 

This agreement paved the way for the completion and signing of the 1974 Alvor Agreement on the National Independence of Angola, which would happen on November 11, 1975.

I would like to remind all those in attendance that before the Bicesse Agreement in 1991 and the Luena Understanding of 2002, there were the Chicala truce agreements with UNITA, which allowed for the relief of the situation created by the 45-day war in the city of Luena, where the inhabitants resisted heroically!

 

I congratulate the authorities, the people of Moxico and Angolans in general, from Cabinda to Cunene, on this Day of Peace and National Reconciliation.

 

May nature, which gave us almost everything, remain generous to us and give us the strength to continue working to improve our lives while taking advantage of that potential. It was also here in Luena city that we first expressed the ideas that guided the development of our National Reconstruction Program .

 

Our administrative and management structures were overly concentrated around the Central Government in Luanda .

 

It was here that we promised the implementation of Provincial Programs with a decentralized budget, the strengthening of the administrative system, as well as of the management of local technical and human resources, and the reconstruction of main roads and railways .

 

All this has either happened or is about to happen.

Ten years later, we are proud to see that much has changed in Moxico and throughout the country, and that the trend is to continue to change for the better.
The National Reconstruction Program, which was to end in 2015/2016, will be completed in early 2013.

All main roads and railways are virtually rehabilitated .

 

The Benguela Railway, for example, is already at the gates of Luena and I hope to return here next August to inaugurate the Railway Station and open the movement of trains between this city and Lobito .

 

I also hope that the rebuilding of the Dundo-Saurimo-Luena tracks will be concluding by then in order to improve the transit of vehicles .

 

The reconstruction and opening of all roads and railways led to an increased movement of persons and goods and to the revitalization of the economic and social activity throughout the country.

 

In 2002, ten years ago, dozens of municipal and communal administrators had no facilities and were working in shacks and tents, because the administrative infrastructures had been destroyed. Thousands of children were studying under trees, sitting on cans and stones. Today, there are very few situations like these. The number of schools and students has grown immensely. The average number of higher education institutes and the number of students also grew significantly throughout the country. The number of medical centers, hospitals, doctors and nurses has increased as well. We have more high school and university graduates, as well as post-college graduates. For this reason, the country is growing in all areas .

The Government, entrepreneurs, workers, peasants and intellectuals, i.e. all Angolans who love their homeland are working with dedication and a sense of responsibility.  

 

Our economy is also growing fast, following the application of the measures we adopted since 2000 to improve macroeconomic management and public financing .

 

All this growth is achieved through a great effort by the public sector and now we want to see an increased involvement of the private sector in this effort .

 

We must continue to work together towards development. We want to see the national economy on a continuous upward and sustainable growth path and we want to increase wealth so as to have more of it to distribute and improve the lives of everyone .

 

The Executive Branch has already begun implementing its Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises Support Programme, and in this regard, it will facilitate the access of economic agents to generous loans through commercial banks .

 

We intend to foster small and medium businesses, which usually generate many jobs. In this context, we will direct some of our focus to Angolans that have small businesses in the diamond field. Diamonds from artisanal production leave illegally across our borders, taken by foreigners who sell them in the two Congos, where taxes are lower. We have to work with the National Assembly to change our fiscal policy in this area and promote the control of small businesses owned by Angolans who are active in this area .

 

DEAR COUNTRYMEN ,

 

In 2008, we pledged to work to change the country for the better and I think we are all achieving this goal !

 

We decided to open a new stage in the process of democratizing the country. That is, we direct our efforts and dedication towards improving what is right, correcting what is wrong and doing new necessary things to help enhance the nation and the welfare of our People .

 

Furthermore, we carried out an awareness-raising campaign to discourage practices that hinder development and disrupt national harmony and cohesion .

 

We seek to ensure that all citizens without exceptions enjoy, within the framework of the Law, freedom of thought and action, equal opportunities and security for themselves and their properties .

 

Democracy requires, first and foremost, that all citizens participate in the national dialogue and life. We exercise power with moderation and impartiality on behalf of the people and within the limits established in the Constitution. Whether with a larger or smaller number of seats in the National Assembly, by voting, all legal and legitimate political parties continue to constitute political forces representing the sectors of Angolan society .

 

Thus, they have a mission to accomplish and major responsibilities to the nation .

 

The rights of each and every one must always be respected and taken into account. All political parties and all civil society organizations formed legally have, in this new stage, an important role to play. They must not act outside the law nor relinquish their role as opposition parties, as supervisory elements or auxiliaries to Public Authorities. It is essential that they conduct their activities in accordance with the Law, thus contributing to the country’s development and social harmony .

 

We must not introduce the principle of ‘anything goes’ in our democratic political game.

 

Politics does not allow everything, and all acts and statements are not admitted, especially when they damage the reputation, the good name and the moral and physical integrity of others. Defamation, libel and death threats are crimes and should not in any way be used as a means of dispute or political battle .

 

I therefore urge all citizens, political parties and organizations, as well as state institutions and the civil society to adopt a responsible and constructive attitude in the exercise of diversity and freedom of opinion, which are the basic tenets of democracy .

 

On the other hand, it will not be worthwhile to use the scarecrow of suspicion and fraud to disrupt the preparations for the election .

 

It is best to organize ourselves to improve the supervision of the whole process and ensure transparency, compliance with the Law and honesty .

 

We belong to a party with several million members, the only one this size and therefore the most interested in holding free, fair and transparent elections.
It is said that a strong player does not need to cheat!

 

Let us all work together towards development.

We are all needed to build a new, modern, prosperous and democratic Angola .

 

 

LONG LIVE PEACE!
LONG LIVE DEMOCRACY!
LONG LIVE ANGOLA
!

STATEMENT BY THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA ON ITS COOPERATION WITH THE REPUBLIC OF GUINEA BISSAU

 

 

The Republic of Angola maintains friendly relations of solidarity and cooperation with the Republic of Guinea-Bissau on the basis of mutual respect, sovereign equality, non interference in the internal affairs of each State and mutual benefit—all principles which are embodied in Agreements in various fields.

 

In this context, among the Agreements established are the Protocol for Implementing a Technical Military Cooperation and Security Program, which resulted in the establishment of a Technical Military Cooperation and Security Mission known as MISSANG in the territory of Guinea-Bissau, aimed at the organization, preparation and implementation of tasks and projects outlined in the Angola/Guinea-Bissau Cooperation Programme for 2010-2012, thus supporting and building the capacity of Guinea-Bissau to ensure levels of security and stability in order to contribute to its reconstruction and development in a stable political and democratic context and with the Rule of Law.

 

Due to the emergence in recent weeks of entities in the upper echelons of the
Defense and Security Sector who doubt the necessity and the objectives of the Cooperation Program, the Government of the Republic of Angola regrets to inform the national and international public of its decision to terminate the Special Cooperation Programme with the Government of the Republic of Guinea Bissau, and consequently its Protocol for the Implementation of a Military-Technical Cooperation and Security Program, and carry out a unilateral and complete withdrawal of MISSANG from the territory of Guinea-Bissau to Angola.

 

The Republic of Angola has never desired to be involved in, nor see allusions to, its involvement in matters which relate only to the sovereign organs and institutions of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau and the Guinean People. The Republic of Angola will continue to maintain the same level of excellent relations of friendship and cooperation with the Republic of Guinea-Bissau, which are grounded in the two countries’ close historical and cultural past and common struggle for the national liberation of the Peoples of Angola and Guinea, in full compliance with Agreements in other fields.

 

Thus, the Angolan State remains available to contribute bilaterally and multilaterally,
duly mandated by the International Community, to the security, stability, consolidation of the democratic state and also to the economic and social development of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau.

 

 

Government of the Republic of Angola, in Luanda, on April 11th, 2012.

 

 

 

                  Statement by His Excellency Mr. Georges Rebelo Chikoti

                                                                   Minister of External Relations

                                                                        Of the Republic of Angola

 

           On behalf of the Community of Portuguese-speaking countries (CPLP)

 

                           At the Security Council on the situation in Guinea-Bissau

 

Mr. President,


I have the honor to address this Council on behalf of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP) and its Member States, namely Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Portugal, Sao Tome and Principe, and East Timor, while fully endorsing the statements made by the representatives of Guinea-Bissau and Portugal in this important and timely debate on the situation in Guinea-Bissau.


Allow me to thank you, Madam President, for scheduling this emergency meeting, as well as to thank all Members of the Security Council for your willingness to deepen the debate on the serious situation that afflicts a member of the Community—the Republic of Guinea Bissau, a country bound to the CPLP by linguistic ties and with which we share a historical and cultural legacy, supported by a multifaceted cooperation between our Countries.

 

The reasons that brought us to the Security Council to participate in this debate are extremely serious for Guinea-Bissau and its people, as well as for the African continent, and for the international community as a whole. In effect, the military coup of the past 12th of April has interrupted the most virtuous period in the country's recent history of relative political stability, good governance and significant economic growth, which augured a promising a future for the country, and the pursuit of which was being encouraged and rewarded by the international community, as evidenced by the relief of the country’s debt and by the positive evaluations made by international organizations.

 

The military coup d’état, which has already been categorically condemned by this Council, by the Secretary-General of the UN, the Peacebuilding Commission, the CPLP, ECOWAS, the African Union, the European Union, the International Organization of Francophonie and by other national and international organizations, is of exceptional seriousness because it took place in the middle of the electoral process, which reflects a total disregard for the democratic will and sovereignty of the people of Guinea-Bissau.

 

Thus, the military coup has violated all the principles of democratic life and constitutes the most basic violation of Article 25 of the African Union Charter on elections and good governance, and its cast its authors and accomplices under political condemnation, sanctions and prosecutions.

 

Mr. President,

 

The history of Guinea-Bissau has been very tragic, marked by several coups d’états in recent years in which died a President, a presidential candidate, three Chiefs of Staff and several other military and civilian authorities.

 

Given this situation, it was with extreme concern that the CPLP Member States, meeting at the Summit of Heads of State in Luanda on July 22, 2010, and after extensive consultations with the partners from ECOWAS, agreed on a roadmap for the implementation of the defense and security sector reform program.

 

The CPLP’s solidarity with Guinea-Bissau has been ongoing and active: Portugal and Brazil, through various development programs, have supported the country in maintaining social services and economic recovery.

 

It was also in the context of this assistance that in 2010, the Governments of Angola and Guinea-Bissau signed a bilateral cooperation agreement which included a program of financial aid to Guinea-Bissau’s budget and a military-technical cooperation agreement to support the country’s reform of its defense and security sector.

 

Mr. President,

Angola, like all members of the CPLP and the international community, wants to see Guinea-Bissau consolidate peace, stability and development. That is why we joined the combined efforts of all, because we think that only through concerted actions and ideas can we help the brotherly people and country of Guinea-Bissau to overcome the current crisis.

 

In this connection, Angola, in its capacity as President of the CPLP, has been holding open consultations with various international partners, such as the United Nations, the African Union, and ECOWAS with a view to finding a lasting solution for Guinea-Bissau.

 

Guinea-Bissau has deep-rooted problems affecting a large part of its political and military class. The increase in drug trafficking in the country can affect not only the neighboring nations but also the entire region, with consequences for regional stability and security.

 

The permanent instability that Guinea-Bissau faces, marked by successive military uprisings which affect not only the institutions but
the entire political class in the country is the result of:

 

-- Impunity as well as an absence of functioning institutions, particularly the judicial system, due to the intervention of military authorities in public life, which makes the country hostage to military power.

 

-- The increase in drug trafficking, with the risk of turning the country into a platform for international drug trafficking.

 

Thus, Guinea-Bissau needs adequate therapy with the aid of the Council and the Peacebuilding Commission, the African Union, ECOWAS, the CPLP and other actors in order to find a lasting solution for the country.

 

Therefore, we call on the Security Council to consider adopting appropriate measures with a view to restoring constitutional order, ensuring the unconditional release of arrested leaders, creating a peacekeeping force for Guinea-Bissau, concluding the electoral process, as well as providing a system of penalties for breaches of the measures adopted.

 

The challenge to the international community is serious enough that if we fail to find appropriate solutions, with the efforts of all, a people that has already suffered tremendously over the past 30 years may be further sacrificed.

 

If Guinea-Bissau becomes a failed State, we will all be responsible. Therefore, Guinea-Bissau requires a strong therapy coming from the United Nations, in particular from this Council and the Peacebuilding Commission, the CPLP, ECOWAS, the Peace and Security Council of the African Union, the European Union, and the Organization Internationale de la Francophonie.

 

In this conformity, the CPLP reaffirms the decisions contained in its Resolution resulting from the Eighth Meeting of its Council of Ministers, held in Lisbon on April 14, 2012.

 

Consequently, this coup d'etat should continue to be strongly condemned, as this Council did in its statement of April 13, 2012, which called for restoration of the constitutional legality.

 

Thank you.

STATEMENT BY H. E. MR. ISMAEL A. GASPAR MARTINS

PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE REPUBLIC OF ANGOLA

TO THE UNITED NATIONS

CHAIRMAN OF THE AFRICAN GROUP

ON THE OCCASION OF THE CELEBRATION OF AFRICA DAY

1 JUNE 2012, UNITED NATIONS  

 

 

Excellency, Madam Deputy Secretary General,

Members of the Diplomatic Corps,

Members of the African Diaspora Community,

Distinguished Guests,

Ladies and Gentlemen,

 

            It is an honour for me to welcome you, on behalf of the African Group at this historic celebration of Africa Day 2012.  This year’s celebration acquires particular historical significance – on the heels of the 50th Anniversary Celebration of the Founding of our continental organization next year.  The celebration also comes in the wake of another milestone event - the organization of the first ever Global Diaspora Summit on May 25, 2012 in South Africa coinciding with Africa Day.   

            As recalled by the Current Chairman of the African Union, H. E. Mr. Boni YAYI, President of the Republic of Benin, in his statement on the occasion of Africa Day, and I quote:  “The duty of memory which is the celebration each year of Africa Day offers an opportunity to arouse Africa and Africans in order to respond positively and effectively to the growing and multifaceted challenges strewn along the paths of development, peace, equality as well as democratic and economic governance of the continent” unquote.  The Current Chairman also touched on some of the fundamental challenges confronting the African continent which have found expression in the management of democratic changes and the unfortunate resurgence of coups d’états.

 

            For his part, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, H. E. Jean Ping called for renewed commitment and intensified efforts to accelerate economic    growth in a more sustainable and inclusive manner with particular attention to the reduction of political crises, the promotion of attractive investment codes and practices, the development of human capital and infrastructure within the dynamics of regional integration and boosting of intra-African trade.

 

Excellencies,

Distinguished Guests,

 

            Africa’s collective quest for stability and development has therefore witnessed an ever-changing political, security and socio economic landscape unleashing both challenges and opportunities.  The African continent is determined to overcome the challenges it faces – this optimistic picture is based on recent positive developments and the wind of change blowing through the continent since the beginning of this century.  The sustenance of this African Renaissance will certainly crystallize our vision of a united, strong and prosperous Africa, the large and increasing population of Africa coupled with the continent’s enormous natural resources endowment as well as the intensity of institution building at the continental and sub-regional levels is also a source for our optimism about the future.

 

            For this purpose, Africa’s leadership and vision to meet today’s challenges and tomorrow’s uncertainties as well as opportunities remains indispensable as we endow ourselves with the requisite capacity in order to take the bold steps that the changing international landscape demands.  Moreover, we are conscious of the need to remain steadfast and guard against the deceptive comfort of status quo offers, as it erodes our capacity to explore innovative solutions and better anticipate the future.

 

            These efforts require the contribution of all the Daughters and sons of Africa both in the continent and the Diaspora including enhancing innovative partnerships based on shared values at bilateral and multilateral levels.

 

            The African continent is very appreciative of the partnership developed between the United Nations and regional bodies such as the Africa Union and sub-regional organizations particularly on issues of peace and security based on the increasing recognition within the international community that support by the United Nations to regional organizations in matters relating to the maintenance of international peace and security is an integral part of collective security as provided for in the UN Charter.

 

            At this juncture, I wish to express our most sincere gratitude to the United Nations Secretary General, Mr. Ban Ki-moon, represented here by H. E. Aisha Rose Migiro, Deputy Secretary General, a dignified daughter of Africa, for his tireless efforts and unflinching commitment to Africa.

 

 Excellencies,

Distinguished Guests,       

 

            This event is a brilliant case of how important is to have at home a solid backing provided by our spouses.  This Africa Day is especially their day, when our African spouses demonstrate to the world here at the United Nations, their abundant talent, the richness, variety and good taste of our African cuisines but particularly also for the expression of the African mother love for the continent.  We are all extremely    thankful for this.

 

            I would be remiss to conclude without paying tribute to the departed illustrious Sons and Daughters of Africa who selflessly fought a good fight laying down their lives for the hard won wave of independence that swept across the continent in the past 49 years.

 

            It is this same spirit and legacies of our Founding fathers that we as a People, imbued with a shared responsibility shall push towards the mark of a higher call for Africa – Africa free from fear and want, a united and prosperous Africa at peace with itself and with the rest of the world.  Africa Day is a day of rededication to our common destiny of dignity and prosperity.

 

            I thank you for joining us in celebrating Africa Day 2012. 

 

            God Bless Africa.