The United Nations was founded in 1945. The purposes of the Organization
are: to maintain international peace and security, to develop friendly
relations among nations, to achieve international cooperation in solving
international problems of an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian
character, and to promote and encourage respect for human rights and
Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945 and came
into force on 24 October 1945 - the day that is annually marked as
the United Nations Day.
was among the first nations to put its signature under the United
Nations Charter, entering thus the group of the UN founding states
of 51 nations. Today the UN membership stands at 192 nations.
of Ukraine took an active part in drawing up of the United Nations
Charter. Dmytro Manuilskyi, then People's Commissar for International
Affairs of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic and the Head of
the Ukrainian delegation at the United Nations Conference on International
Organization, held in April-June 1945 in San Francisco, was elected
Chairman of the First Committee, which elaborated the Preamble and
Chapter 1 (Purposes and Principles) of the United Nations Charter.
the declaration of its independence in August 1991, Ukraine determined
membership in the United Nations as one of its foreign policy priorities.
Ukraine firmly adheres to the purposes and principles of the UN Charter,
substantially contributing to the Organization's activity in fields
of maintenance of international peace and security, disarmament, economic
and social development, protection of human rights, strengthening
of international law etc.
have been five official visits of UN Secretaries-General to Ukraine.
In particular, U Thant visited Ukraine in 1962, Kurt Waldheim in 1981,
Javier Perez de Cuellar in 1987, Boutros Boutros-Ghali in 1993 and,
most recently, Kofi Annan in 2002.
1997 Hennadiy Udovenko, then Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine
was elected President of the 52nd UN General Assembly session - one
of the top governing offices in the UN system. Ukraine is especially
proud of the fact that it was the 52nd session of the UN General Assembly,
which entered the history as the "session of reforms", to
endorse a comprehensive Program of the Organization's reform, proposed
by the UN Secretary General Kofi Annan, and give a strong impetus
to the process of a wide-scale reshaping of the Organization.
present Ukraine is a member of several principal and subsidiary UN
organs, including the Human Rights Council, Committee on Contributions,
Commission on Social Development, Commission on Crime Prevention and
Criminal Justice, Commission on Narcotic Drugs, Statistical Commission,
Commission on Population and Development, Executive Board of the World
Food Programme (WFP), Executive Board of the United Nations Children's
Fund (UNICEF) and Executive Boards of the United Nations Development
Programme (UNDP)/United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA). Prioritizing
the implementation of the 2005 World Summit's resolutions in the sphere
of development, Ukraine served as the President of the Executive Board
of the UNDP/UNFPA in 2006.
its membership in the UN Ukraine was elected non-permanent member
of the Security Council for three times (1948-1949, 1984-1985, 2000-2001).
Ukraine was elected also to the UN Economic and Social Council for
five times. Representatives of Ukraine served as chairmen of a number
of main committees of the UN General Assembly sessions.
election as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for
the term 2000-2001 became an acknowledgment of our state's authority
and role on the international arena as well as of its consistent and
unbiased foreign policy. For the first time since Ukraine has become
an independent state, it was elected to the organ, which bears primary
responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security.
During its membership in the UN Security Council Ukraine has convincingly
proved its ability to be an active participant of the international
processes, whose position is accounted for, influence effectively
the adoption of vital decisions in the SC and practically contribute
to their implementation.
believes that multilateral diplomacy is one of the most efficient
tools in realization of its national interests. Today Ukrainian diplomacy
channels its main efforts into further consolidation of functioning
of international organizations as mechanisms of mobilization, harmonization
and coordination of international community's efforts aimed at solving
global economic and environmental problems.
has been a recipient of considerable technical, material and financial
assistance, particularly from the United Nations Development Program
(UNDP), Global Ecological Fund (GEF), International Labor Organization
(ILO), United Nations Conference On Trade And Development (UNCTAD),
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), United
Nations Population Fund (UNPFA), International Telecommunication Union
(ITU), Universal Postal Union (UPU), World Intellectual Property Organization
(WIPO) etc. The UNDP office was opened in Ukraine in 1993 to ensure
realization of projects aimed at facilitation of reforms, solving
of issues of social character, protection of environment etc. A UN
House was inaugurated in Kyiv in 2000 in the framework of the UN Reform
Program and for the purpose of streamlining coordination of activities
of UN system institutions in Ukraine.
an active supporter and participant of the United Nations reform process,
Ukraine continues to apply considerable efforts to increasing UN efficiency
as well as to adjusting the Organization to the new requirements of
regard to the UN Security Council's reform, Ukraine attaches primary
importance to allocation of an additional non-permanent seat to the
Group of Eastern European States. Ukraine also believes that expediency
of preservation of the veto rule is subject to additional consideration
in view of the current international realities.
welcomes the progress made on the reform and revitalization of the
UN General Assembly during last years. We should not lose the pace
of the reform and should continue efforts to make the General Assembly
function more efficiently as the most representative body of the United
Nations. Ukraine is ready to participate in further promotion of this
has been committed to the UN peacekeeping since the first years of
its independence. We regard our participation in these activities
as an important aspect of our foreign policy, supporting them not
only politically, but, more important, in terms of practical contribution
of personnel. More than 28 thousand military and civilian personnel
of Ukraine have discharged their noble mission under the UN flag in
20 UN peacekeeping operations and missions around the globe. Ukraine
is currently contributing 558 military and civilian personnel to 7
ongoing UN peacekeeping operations and missions.
deeply convinced that the central element of any peacekeeping operation
is an adequate level of security and safety of its personnel, Ukraine
initiated elaboration of the Convention on the Safety of United Nations
and Associated Personnel, adopted by UNGA in 1994. In September 2006
Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine signed an Optional Protocol
to the Convention on the Safety of United Nations and Associated Personnel.
a tribute to all men and women who have served and continue to serve
in the UN peacekeeping operations for their high level of professionalism,
dedication, and courage and in honour of the memory of those who have
lost their lives for the noble cause of peace, Ukraine initiated the
International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers which was designated
by the UN General Assembly in 2002 to be marked annually on 29 of
attaches paramount importance to and actively participates in UN led
efforts aimed at combating HIV/AIDS epidemic. In particular, it was
on Ukraine's initiative that the twenty-sixth special session of the
General Assembly was convened, adopting a Declaration of Commitment
2003, as the UN Economic and Social Council Vice-presidency in charge
of humanitarian segment, Ukraine contributed to the holding of an
international panel called "Responding to the HIV/AIDS and other
widespread general diseases on humanitarian relief operations".
long-standing issues that have particular importance for Ukraine in
the UN, there is problem of the 1986 Chornobyl Nuclear Power Station
accident. Ukraine together with other two affected states, Belarus
and the Russian Federation, continues to pay special attention to
maintaining those issues in the close of view of the United Nations.
a most recent example of that work, Ukraine initiated a special plenary
meeting to commemorate victims of Chornobyl disaster that was held
in the framework of the 60th session of UN General Assembly in spring
2003 in the United Nations, and throughout the world Ukrainians observed
a sad anniversary of the Great Famine of 1932-33 (Holodomor), one
of the most tragic events in the history of humankind that claimed
lives of 7 to 10 million peoples - population of a mid-size European
country. For the first time in the history of the United Nations,
Holodomor was officially recognized as a national tragedy of the Ukrainian
people caused by the cruel actions and policies of the Soviet totalitarian
regime. This was reflected in the Joint Statement on the 70th anniversary
of Holodomor that was signed by 36 delegations and supported by 28
other UN Member States.
continues to keep the issue of Holodomor on UN agenda in order to
invite a wider international attention to this tragedy of Ukrainian
nation and to insure its proper international recognition so that
similar catastrophes could be avoided in future.
global issues on the current United Nations agenda, Ukraine attaches
significant importance to countering terrorism as a major threat to
international peace and security. Being a party to all counterterrorism
international instruments of universal character, Ukraine believes
that UN constitutes a unique foundation for universal collective efforts
in eradicating this cruel phenomenon and should further play its leading
role along that way.
the 59th session of the United Nations General Assembly, Delegation
of Ukraine held Presidency of the GA's 3rd Committee, which focuses
on such sensitive and vitally important issues as protection and observance
of human rights and freedoms, gender equality, problems of refugees,
rights of children, and others.
election to the newly established Human Rights Council on 9 May 2006
testified to the high international authority as well as universally
recognized contribution and potential of our nation in the field of