3 DECEMBER 2004
OFFICIAL NOTE BY THE MINISTRY OF THE FOREIGN AFFAIRS ON THE REFORM OF THE UNITED NATIONS AND ON THE REINFORCEMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL ORDER (UNOFFICIAL TRANSLATION)
The report of the Panel of Eminent Personalities convened by the UN Secretary-General to study the threats, dangers and challenges that the International community is facing, and to consider measures to address those threats, has now become public.
The report puts forward a broad concept of International collective security encompassing, alongside inter-state conflicts and internal conflicts within States, other threats such as infectious diseases in some parts of the world, environmental degradation, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, terrorism and organized crime. This starting point seems to us the most adequate in an increasingly global world where diverse threats reinforce each other. Building upon the awareness of these dangers and challenges, it should be possible to generate a broad consensus allowing for the adoption by the International Community of efficient answers for the strengthening of the international order which, from so many quarters, has been put into question.
The several suggestions and proposals contained in this report will now be considered by the UN Secretary-General who will issue his report next March. We note, however, that the work of the Panel of Eminent Personalities constitutes a solid basis of work that will facilitate the international reflection, paving the way for the forthcoming Summit on September 2005 to produce results both on the issues addressed by the Report as well as on the implementation of the Millennium goals established by the United Nations in 2000.
The Portuguese government acknowledges with satisfaction the fact that the report recommends the establishment of an intergovernmental Commission aimed at responding to the dangers that threaten many fragile States facing post-conflict situations that prevent them from advancing towards peace and development.
has been trying, for some years, to promote this issue in the international Agenda, especially since its last participation in the Security Council as a non-permanent member. Portugal
Our thoughts on the matter led former Prime-Minister Durão Barroso to propose to the General Assembly, in September 2003, the creation of such a Commission aimed at integrating and strengthening the work done at international level on the fields of security, State institution reinforcement and development. This proposal was again supported this year by the current Prime-Minister, Pedro Santana Lopes, and was now made its own by the Panel.
The creation of this indispensable instrument, as well as the reform of the United Nations and the reinforcement of multilateralism in the international order, will continue to be a priority of the Portuguese foreign policy, pursuing a path dictated by principles and values strongly rooted in our Country.