28 APRIL 2003of Support in Timor-Leste)
BY HE Mr. GONÇALO DE SANTA CLARA GOMES, AMBASSADOR AND PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF PORTUGAL TO THE UNITED NATIONS, TO THE UNITED NATIONS SECURITY COUNCIL (Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations
Thank you for convening this Open Meeting of the Security Council to examine the Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Mission of Support in Timor-Leste, covering its activities since the last report dated
6 November 2002.
First of all Portugal would like to extend its support to the important efforts of the United Nations in Timor-Leste under the already well tested leadership of its Special Representative Kamalesh Sharma. This is particularly noteworthy as political developments in Timor-Leste, during this reporting period, have been more complex than what was initially foreseen.
It was just last month that this Council had to consider a Special Report of the Secretary-General relating a change of environment in Timor-Leste as a result of a disturbing series of security-related incidents, some of them of a terrorist nature, which had taken place in the last months of 2002 and the early months of 2003. At the time, the Secretary-General asked this Council to reconsider the proposed downsizing plan for UNMISET, while keeping the envisioned hand-over date of May 2004. Consequently, this Council approved resolution 1473 (2003) where it endorsed proposals for adjustment of the downsizing of UNMISET’s police component, supported a revised schedule for the downsizing of the Mission’s military component and requested a detailed military strategy for this revised schedule.
welcomes the present report of the Secretary-General and it is pleased to note that, in spite of the problems addressed above, much has been achieved in the year that elapsed since the establishment of UNMISET, namely, the Timorese public administration and police force are assuming increasing levels of responsibility. Portugal
Another issue also to be highly commended is the steady and significant positive developments in the relationship of Timor-Leste and its neighbour
, particularly regarding determination of their joint border, and the progress on agreements concerning petroleum resources between Indonesia and Timor-Leste. One can not understate the importance that both a stable relationship with its neighbour States and prompt access to these natural resources have in paving the way for a solid and sustainable economic development of this new born country. Australia
would also like to note UNMISET’s efforts and progress achieved in the indictments and investigation of those responsible for crimes that took place in 1999. However, it is with concern that we note that the report expects that the judicial process dealing with serious crimes will remain incomplete by June 2004 and that a strong political commitment is essential as the majority of those accused remain outside of Timor-Leste, including nearly 90 per cent of those accused of “crimes against humanity”. We would like to support the Secretary-General as he urges the Government of countries where those accused maybe located to make every effort to ensure that such persons are brought to justice. Portugal
Finally, Mr. President, much remains to be done, and continued assistance by the international community will be crucial to enable Timor-Leste to face with success the serious political, practical and security challenges that lie ahead. As in the past,
will remain committed to the consolidation and development of Timor-Leste and to the United Nations efforts to this effect. Portugal
I am confident, Mr. President, that the Security Council will not hesitate, to extend the mandate of UNMISET for a further year, until
20 May 2004.