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Permanent Mission of the Republic of the Philippines to the United Nations
H.E. Mr. Lauro L. Baja, Jr.
Head of the Philippine Delegation to the
Foreign Ministers’ Meeting of the 2nd South Summit and
Permanent Representative of the Philippines to the UN
“Development in the Context of a New Collective Security”
New York, 13 June 2005
The Philippines is happy to see your Excellency steer this important meeting of the Group of 77 and China on a topic of extreme importance to us. On behalf of the Philippine delegation, I wish to extend my sincere appreciation to the Government and people of the State of Qatar for their warm hospitality and excellent arrangements for our gathering here in Doha.
Next week, the President of the General Assembly will commence his consultations on the Draft Outcome Document for the High Level Plenary Meeting of the General Assembly in New York. We are thus approaching the final stage of distilling what our leaders should decide upon in their September summit based on the informal meetings we had on the various reports of experts commissioned by the Secretary-General and on his own report to the High Level Plenary Meeting.
It is indeed timely that we focus our discussion today on the Draft Outcome Document. The Document outlines for us the broad priorities and major concerns that we have to undertake in order to make a more “effective multilateral system, with a strong United Nations at its core.”
The Philippines believes that a basic and major pillar in the strengthening of the United Nations lies in putting emphasis on development. Development defines the contours of global problems that confront the world today. It is the cornerstone of the new consensus on a collective security.
Having said so, we should not lose sight of the interconnectedness between development on one hand, and peace, security, human rights including an upgraded system-wide or institutional mechanism that would put development into concrete actions, on the other. As indicated in paragraph 8 of the Document, there can neither be development without security, nor can there be security without development.
The Philippines is convinced that development is an integral aspect of the new collective security system, albeit, a very important one in the overall context of revitalizing the United Nations to better and more effectively respond to both challenges and problems at the national, regional and national levels.
This is the very reason on which the Philippine initiative on the promotion of inter-religious cooperation is founded, in order to help create an enabling environment mobilizing broad cooperation among all stakeholders in the promotion of development and security, for the benefit of mankind. We welcome similar initiatives that contribute to providing a conducive environment for development to prosper.
The Philippines welcomes the Draft Outcome Document’s focus on development. In the interest of time, allow me to address four development priorities of particular interest to my delegation.
First, global partnership for development is imperative. We are gathered here today to strengthen the bonds of cooperation among ourselves to further enhance development. We need to further strengthen global partnership anchored on our collective interests, values, and priorities through South-South cooperation.
The new geography of trade also known as the increasing exchange of goods and services among the countries in the South, provides a positive atmosphere to further intensify our cooperation in this regard. But we should do more than that. Because of limited resources available to us, we cannot do it alone. We have to explore new avenues of cooperation with our developed partners, including trilateral or triangular cooperation.
Second, financing for development is the lifeblood of development. In two weeks’ time, we will be given another opportunity to revisit this issue in New York in the context of the high level meetings on financing for development. The mobilization of domestic and international resources for development is the key to the achievement of the internationally agreed development goals we have set for ourselves to pursue, including the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals. The Monterrey Consensus is a landmark achievement and, in this regard, we should insist that the international community translate its commitments into concrete actions. It is crucial that a mechanism for monitoring the implementation of the 0.7% of GNP for ODA commitment by developed countries be established towards this end.
Third, job creation and employment generation are vital to the alleviation of poverty. Employment is not a sole function of government. The international economic environment can impact on domestic efforts to generate jobs at commensurate pace with population increase. This is an important yardstick of development, which should not only be gauged from macro-indicators but more importantly from the reduction of incidence of poverty and level of employment, especially in developing countries. This is where the nexus of development to security is pronounced. This is where we can deter and even get rid of the spawning ground for internal instability and even terrorism.
Fourth, migration is an important aspect of development. We are pleased to find out that the Outcome Document has given importance to the issue of migration, as proposed by the Philippines with the support of a number of like-minded countries from both the South and the North, highlighting its impact on countries of origin, transit and destination. Like globalization, migration has to be managed carefully at the international, regional and national levels in order to enhance its positive contributions to development. Migration is a phenomenon, which dates back to antiquity. It has gained recent prominence as a result of growing political concern, unmindful of its positive economic and even social contributions to countries of origin, transit and destination are indisputable. The Philippines thus supports the liberalization of the international labor market which translates into employment generation and serves as a tool towards the achievement of the MDGs.
The four important areas of consideration I have just spelt out all point to the need for global partnership in advancing the cause of development. Global partnership calls for a change in our attitude towards international economic relationships, not restricted by selfish and narrow national ends, as economic forces are trans-boundary in scope and scale, which our neo-economists describe as globalization. Global partnership also requires corresponding support in the form of strengthened multilateral institutions to achieve system-wide coherence and closer coordination and cooperation among the various organs of the United Nations.
In conclusion, Mr. Chairman, the Draft Outcome Document should be seen as a platform to put development at the heart of the United Nations agenda. Many of these development concerns and priorities are embodied in the Draft Political Declaration and the Plan of Action, for our leaders to reaffirm.
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