The world's smallest independent republic, Nauru is an island republic of approximately 12,000 people in the Western Pacific Ocean some 1,200 miles the north east of Papua New Guinea and one of the smallest states in the world. Nauru's constitution, adopted in 1968, established it as a republic with a parliamentary system of government. The president is head of state as well as head of government and is elected by the Parliament from among its members every three years or more frequently, in the event of a successful Parliamentary vote of no-confidence. The President, as Prime Minister appoints four or five members of Parliament to form the cabinet. Cabinet ministers, including the President, take charge of the various government departments and are collectively responsible to Parliament.
The unicameral Parliament consists of eighteen members, who are elected every three years by resident Nauru citizens over the age of twenty. There are no formal parties. The Parliament chooses a speaker and a deputy speaker, as well as the President, from among its members. Nauru is divided into fourteen districts, which are grouped into eight electoral constituencies. Two representatives are elected in each constituency except Ubenide, which is composed of four of the smaller districts and has four representatives in Parliament
In JUly 2002, His Excellency Rene Harris was appointed President after the former President Ludwig Scotty, MP was deposed in a vote of no-confidence by the House.
Detailed information on the Political Profile of the Republic of Nauru is available here - written by Michael R. Ogden, Ph.D. of the University of Hawaii (forthcoming in the World Encyclopedia of Political Systems, 3rd
Edition. New York: Facts on File.)
|(Photo: President Harris and Prime Minister Qarase at the August 2002 Opening Ceremony of PIF Meeting, in Suva.)
BACK TO TOP | Back to ABOUT NAURU Section | Back to ECONOMIC Section