NAURU: Country Profile
GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS
ECONOMY: Phosphate Mining, Air Nauru, Game Fishing, Travel and Tourism
Nauru: Historical Presentation and Setting, People, Life In The Sea
The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) was
formed in 1989 as an informal dialogue group with limited participation. Today its
membership includes 18 major economies of the region cooperating together to sustain
regional and world growth. APEC has become the primary vehicle regional vehicle for
promoting open trade and practical economic cooperation. APEC members represent about 46
percent of the worlds total merchandise trade.
Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN)
ASEAN, the Association of South East Asian Nations, was
established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the Bangkok
Declaration by the five original member countries, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines,
Singapore and Thailand. Brunei Darussalam joined the Association on 8 January 1984 and
Vietnam became the seventh member on 28 July 1995. The ASEAN Member Countries are united
in a joint effort to promote economic cooperation and the welfare of the people in the
region. ASEANs three main objectives are to promote the economic, social and
cultural development of the region through cooperative programmes; to safeguard the
political and economic stability of the region against power rivalry; and to serve as a
forum for the resolution of intra-regional differences.
Asian Development Bank (ADB)
A development finance institution promoting the economic
and social progress of developing countries in Asia and the Pacific.
Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
The Commonwealth Secretariat
The Commonwealth Secretariat, which is based in London, was
established in 1965. It is the central executive agency of the Commonwealth and is
responsible to the Commonwealth governments. It is the main organ of consultation and
cooperation among Commonwealth governments and organises consultations among Commonwealth
governments, carries out the mandates of the Commonwealth governments through technical
and consultative programmes in social and economic development and facilitates
multilateral communication among member governments.
European Union (EU)
Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the
Created in March 1947 and located in Bangkok, ESCAP is the
largest of the five UN Regional Commissions. It comprises 51 members and 9 associate
members. ESCAP members include Japan, Australia, the Republic of Korea, Singapore,
Indonesia, Malaysia and Hong Kong. Nineteen (1) small Pacific Island developing countries
account for over one third of ESCAP's total membership. ESCAP works with governments
include such challenges as poverty eradication, education, infrastructure needs, and a
deteriorating environment and social rebuilding.
Forum Fisheries Agency (FFA)
The Forum Fisheries Agency was established in 1979 under a
Convention signed by twelve Members. The Convention reflects the common concern of member
nations on matters of conservation, optimum utilisation and coastal states sovereign
rights over the regions living marine resources. FFA has its headquarters in
Honiara, Solomon Islands. Membership of the FFA has now increased to sixteen - Australia,
Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru,
Niue, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Established in 1945 by 29 countries signing its Articles of
Agreement (its Charter), IMF did not begin commercial financial operations until 1947.
Current membership stands at 182 countries. Objectives include promoting international
monetary cooperation, facilitating the expansion of balanced growth of international
trade, promoting exchange stability, assisting in the establishment of a multilateral
system of payments, making its general resources temporarily available to its members
experiencing balance of payments difficulties under adequate safeguards, and shortening
the duration and lessening the degree of disequilibrium in the international balances of
payments of members.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
OECD is a grouping of countries which share the principles
of the market economy, pluralist democracy and respect for human rights. Member countries
of OECD include the countries of Europe and North America, Japan, Finland, Australia, New
Zealand, Mexico, Czech Republic, Hungary, Korea and Poland.
Pacific Islands Development Program
South Asian Association for
Regional Cooperation (SAARC)
The purpose of the Pacific Islands Development Program
(PIDP) of the East-West Centre is to help meet the special development needs of the
Pacific Islands region through cooperative research, education and training. PIDP conducts
specific research and training activities based on issues and problems proritised by the
Pacific Islands Conference of Leaders, which meets every three years. Actions mandated by
the Conference are carried out by PIDP which is its secretariat. The Standing Committee of
island leaders created in 1980, reviews PIDPs research and training programs and
ensures that they are relevant and responsive to the needs of Pacific Island countries.
The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
(SAARC) was established in 1985 at the first SAARC Summit held in Dhaka, Bangladesh. SAARC
members include Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. It's
main goal is to accelerate economic and social development in member states through joint
action in certain agreed areas of cooperation. SAARC annual summits provide a unique
opportunity for regional cooperation and bilateral consultations among the leaders.
South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC)
When the South Pacific Geoscience Commission (SOPAC) was
started in 1972 it was then known as the Committee for Cooperation of Joint Prospecting
for Mineral Resources in South Pacific Offshore Areas (CCOP/SOPAC). In 1984,
CCOP/SOPACs legal status was changed to a fully-fledged inter-government regional
organisation. In 1989, member countries decided to change its name to the South Pacific
Applied Geoscience Commission but retaining the acronym SOPAC. SOPAC members are
Australia, Cook Islands, Federated States of Micronesia, Fiji, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall
Islands, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.
A new constitution adopted in 1990 allows Pacific island territories to participate in
SOPAC as associate members. The fundamental objective of SOPAC is to assist Island member
countries in identifying, assessing and developing non-living marine resource potential of
the extensive marine resource jurisdictions they have declared under the United Nations
Law of the Sea Convention of 1982.
South Pacific Commission (SPC)
The oldest of the inter-government regional organisations,
the South Pacific Commission (SPC) was founded on 6 February 1947 by an agreement known as
the Canberra Agreement, by the Governments of Australia, France, the Netherlands, New
Zealand, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. The Commission is a
non-political organisation and exists purely to provide assistance to the countries of the
region within its annual work programme, with emphasis on activities conducted in rural
areas and at grassroots level. The SPCs work programme covers diverse activities
such as agriculture and plant protection, marine resources, environment management, rural
development, rural technology, community health, statistics, economics, demography,
womens programmes and activities, community education training, media conservation
Tourism Council of the South Pacific (TCSP)
Founded in the early 1980s as an informal association
of national tourism organisations in the region, the Tourism Council of the South Pacific
is now a regional inter-governmental organisation with a secretariat based in Suva, Fiji.
Since 1986, the TCSP has been assisted by the European Union to establish a secretariat
and undertake a wide-ranging work programme. Its current membership includes American
Samoa, Cook islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Kiribati, New Caledonia, Niue, Papua New
Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu. TCSP aims to strengthen its
resource capabilities to service more effectively the needs of the tourism industry, both
public and private sector. The TCSP Secretariat seeks to expand its membership,
particularly to include the private sector.
United Nations Development Programme (Fiji Field Office)
The University of the South Pacific (USP)
USP was established in 1969 in Suva, Fiji through an
initial grant from the Government of the United Kingdom for the period 1969-72. USP is a
regional university with three schools located in the main Laucala Campus in Fiji - School
of Humanities, School of Pure and Applied Sciences and School of Social and Economic
Development; the School of Agriculture on Alafua Campus in Samoa and School of Law on
Emalus Campus in Vanuatu. In support of its distance education programmes run through
University Extension, USP has established Centres on its member island countries. USP also
has a number of action-oriented institutes in Fiji and throughout the region.
The World Bank
The World Bank which consists of the International Bank for
Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA).
The World Bank Group is made up collectively of five institutions. Apart from the IBRD and
the IDA, it also includes the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Multilateral
Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) and the International Centre for Settlement of
Investment Disputes (ICSID). The World Bank's main aim is to help its borrowers reduce
poverty. It provides loans to borrower governments for projects and programmes that
promote economic and social progress by helping raise productivity so that the quality of
life for people everywhere, especially the poorest, is improved.
The World Trade Organisation (WTO)
The World Trade Organisation (WTO) located in Geneva,
Switzerland and created by the Uruguay Round Negotiations (1986-1994) was established on 1
January 1995. As of September 1997, it has a membership made up of 132 countries. It is
the only international body dealing with the rules of trade between nations. Its functions
include administering WTO trade agreements, forum for trade negotiations, handling trade
disputes, monitoring national trade policies, technical assistance and training for
developing countries and cooperation with other international organisations.
Back To Top
Central and Southwestern end of the island