UNGA 56th session, Third Committee, Agenda items: 27, 108 and 109

 

 

STATEMENT BY MS. O.ENKHTSETSEG

DIRECTOR

DEPARTMENT OF MULTILATERAL COOPERATION

MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF MONGOLIA

                                                                       

                                                                                                                10 October 2001

Mr. Chairman,

             At the outset I wish to join the preceding speakers in congratulating you and the other members of the Bureau on your well-deserved election and wish every success in your endeavours. You may rest assured of  my delegation’s full support and cooperation as we all strive to fulfill the task ahead of this important Committee during the current session of the General Assembly.

             Allow me also to thank Mr. John Langmore, Director of the Division for Social Policy and Development of DESA, for his informative introduction of the agenda items under consideration.

             My delegation also wishes to associate itself with the statement made earlier by the distinguished Ambassador of Iran on behalf of the G-77.

 Mr. Chairman,

It has become more evident that along with greater opportunities globalization has created situations of heightened vulnerability and insecurity and all the more so for the weak and poor nations. Persistent exclusion, marginalization and inequality among countries  are being further exacerbated by both existing and evolving transboundary threats. After several decades of development effort the number of the world’s poor remains at an embarrassingly unacceptable level.

Looking back one could describe the decade of 90s as a decade of commitments for development with a series of international conferences and summits resulting in important declarations and plans of action. Yet, as seen from the 2001 Report on the World Social Situation the world finds itself, in many respects in no better shape. The logical question is due - why is it so? The underlying reasons could be manifold as the changes undergone and challenges faced by the world during the last decade are complex both in scope and nature. Yet, we cannot but agree with the Secretary-General that “the widening gap between goals and achievements implies that the international community has failed to deliver on crucial commitments it made during the 1990s”. The world cannot afford this to happen in this first decade of new century. Therefore, it has become vitally imperative for all the stakeholders to redouble their concerted efforts with a view to fulfilling the international development commitments, including that of halving the current level of abject poverty by 2015.

            While it is recognized that the primary responsibility for social development rests with national governments, the international cooperation and support are equally important in implementing the agreed goals and targets. In this context, my delegation welcomes an integrated and comprehensive approach outlined by the Secretary-General in his report on the Road Map towards the implementation of the Millennium Declaration.

 Mr. Chairman,

             The Government of Mongolia stands committed to the implementation of the social development goals. To ensure economic recovery and growth, to effectively reduce poverty and unemployment, to promote rural and regional development, to enforce rule of law and promote sustainable development the Government has developed and adopted the national programme on Good Governance for Human Security. It aims at achieving human security for all through coherent and holistic policy encompassing ecological, economic, social, political and legal spheres. The overall programme is chaired by the Prime Minister and envisaged to ensure active participation of all the key stakeholders such as Government ministries, local authorities, the media, academic and research institutes, NGOs, citizen based organizations and voluntary associations and citizens themselves throughout the country.

 Mr. Chairman,

             The central importance of education to development has been universally recognized. Yet as indicated in the Education For All 200 Assessment at present over 113 million children have no access to primary education, 880 million adults are illiterate and gender discrimination continues to permeate education system. As could be seen provision of universal primary education remains a great challenge for the international community. The Dakar Framework for Action adopted by the World Education Forum Forum put forward the goal to ensure that by 2015 all children, particularly girls, children in difficult circumstances and those belonging to ethnic minorities, have access to and complete free and compulsory primary education of good quality. Success in attaining these goals will give millions more the skills to rise out of poverty, whereas failure will fuel an educational and indeed social crisis in the decades ahead. Hence, the need to marshal political will and commitment at the highest level toward attaining the Education for All goals and making quality education accessible to everyone. Proceeding from this premise, my country together with many other like-minded fellow members deem it important and timely to launch a United Nations Literacy Decade.

 Mr. Chairman,

             Turning to another report of the Secretary-General submitted under the agenda item 108, namely Cooperatives in social development, I wish to underline the emphasis placed on the potential and contribution of cooperatives for the attainment of social development goals both in the Copenhagen and Geneva final documents. The report clearly indicates that in many countries cooperatives, in their various forms, continue to play an important role in poverty alleviation, employment promotion and in ensuring the fullest possible participation of women, youth, older persons and people with disabilities in the development process.

             My delegation wishes to express its appreciation to the Secretariat for providing a revised United Nations guidelines for creating a supportive environment for the development of cooperatives incorporating the views and comments offered by Member States as was requested by General Assembly resolution 54/123. We believe that adoption by the General Assembly of these guidelines at this session will enable Member States use them as a set of general principles in developing or revising their national policies on cooperatives.

 Mr. Chairman,

             As seen from the Report on the World Social Situation 2001 ageing has become a global phenomenon as the population aged 80 years or older reached 70 million worldwide. Mongolia looks forward to the Second World Assembly on Aging and stands ready to cooperate with other members in bringing the Vienna Action Programme in line with the emerging realities so that to adequately address the multifaceted challenges faced by the older people in the early years of the new millennium.

             In conclusion, Mr. Chairman, I wish to reiterate Mongolia's firm commitment to the course of eradicating poverty, promoting full and productive employment, ensuring literacy and quality education for all, fostering social integration to achieve stable, safe and just society for all.