/as delivered /



UNGA 60th session
Plenary
Agenda item: 42
“Global Agenda for Dialogue among Civilizations”


INTRODUCTION OF RESOLUTION A/60/L.17
“800 YEARS OF MONGOLIAN STATEHOOD”
BY MS. O. ENKHTSETSEG
DIRECTOR-GENERAL
DEPARTMENT OF MULTILATERAL COOPERATION
MINISTRY OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF MONGOLIA


14 November 2005

Mr. President,

I have the distinct honor to introduce the draft resolution entitled “800 years of Mongolian Statehood” on behalf of the co-sponsors listed in document A/60/L.17, namely Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, France, Germany, Greece, Haiti, India, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Luxembourg, Malawi, Monaco, Morocco, Philippines, Qatar, Russian Federation, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkey, United States of America and my own country Mongolia. I am also pleased to announce that the following countries have joined the draft resolution as co-sponsors since its publication. They are Australia, Canada, Iceland, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Oman, Romania, Slovenia, Syrian Arab Republic, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Turkmenistan.

Mr. President,

Civilizational achievements constitute the collective heritage of mankind. Embracing this axiom, and working towards achieving an objective understanding of all civilizations is of special significance for enhancing constructive interaction and cooperative engagement among all civilizations. Yet, a rich and diverse civilization created by nomadic peoples across the globe and most notably on the vast expanses of the Eurasian steppe has so far received little attention within the overall framework of the global agenda for dialogue among civilizations.

Nomadic civilization has largely existed in peaceful symbiosis with sedentary societies and played an important role in the development of extensive trade networks and the creation of large administrative, cultural, religious and commercial centers. Studies indicate that nomadic peoples of Arabic, Finnish, Mongolic, Turkic and other origin have significantly influenced societies across the world; their mobility has been instrumental in making possible the free flow of ideas across regions, thus contributing to the shape of the modern world. All in all, nomadic civilization has in fact served for thousands of years as a bridge between world civilizations.

The culture to live in harmony with nature, which is inherent in nomadic civilization, allows the preservation of the delicate ecological balance of the natural habitat. This ability of nomads to adapt to whims of nature has a heightened validity today against the backdrop of current environmental threats and challenges.

Mr. President,

Mongolia is a nomadic state; the traditions, values, culture and the very mentality and self-identity of my nation stem from our nomadic roots. Mongolia is also an ancient country – it is about to celebrate the 800th anniversary of its statehood next year.

As my President said from the high rostrum of the September Summit “anniversaries provoke recollections over the past and projections for the future”. As such, the 800th anniversary provides us with an opportunity not only to look back at the legacies of our forefathers but also to take up more closely the study of various aspects of nomadic civilization. Accordingly, the draft resolution has two main themes that are intricately intertwined and mutually-reinforcing.

First, it aims at reinforcing the concept of a dialogue among civilizations bringing in the role and contribution of the nomadic civilization into the global agenda. It also reaffirms the importance of preserving and developing the centuries-old traditions and culture of nomadic peoples in modern societies, as it welcomes the efforts of Member States to that end. It also aims at triggering a renewed interest to study various aspects of nomadic civilization by relevant international organizations, civil society and academia with a view to contributing to mutual understanding among civilizations and cultures.

Second, the draft resolution acknowledges the centuries-old statehood of Mongolia and welcomes the efforts of my Government to celebrate its 800th anniversary, and invites the Member States, UN, its specialized agencies, civil society, NGOs and academia to actively participate in the relevant events.

In concluding, Mr. President, my delegation wishes to extend its wholehearted gratitude and appreciation to all the co-sponsors of L.17 for their valuable support and solidarity, and on their behalf expresses our confidence that the draft resolution would command the broadest possible support of this august Assembly and be adopted by consensus.

I thank you.