Nations General Assembly
Agenda items: 115
STATEMENT BY MR. P.GANSUKH
DEPUTY PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE
OF MONGOLIA TO THE UNITED NATIONS
24 October 2001
First of all I wish to join the other members of the Committee in extending our thanks to the representatives of the UN Secretariat, UNICEF and Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights for their introductory statements on the agenda item under consideration.
We all are aware that in recent months enormous efforts have been made by Member States, international community, governmental and non-governmental groups in preparing for the special session of the General Assembly on Children. However, the tragic events of September 11, 2001, have led to the postponement of this important session.
As we can see from the introductory statements and our deliberations on this agenda item, much progress has already been made in finalizing the draft outcome document entitled “A World Fit for Children” which is envisaged to become our new agenda for children. But further efforts need to be made in this regard. Indeed, we must continue to build on the momentum we had achieved in the promotion and protection of the rights of children, in building a better world for our future generation. In this connection, we welcome the organization in Yokohama next December of the Second World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children and express our hope that it will contribute to the promotion and protection of the rights of the child.
Like many other Member States Mongolia looks forward that the special session of the General Assembly on Children be held next year. We hope that the special session will offer us an opportunity to review the 1990 World Summit goals and adopt the new agenda for children at the highest political level.
Mongolia attaches particular importance to the children’s issues since nearly half of its population is under age of 18. Much has been accomplished in Mongolia in promoting the development of children within the framework of the National Programme of Action for the Development of Children in the 1990s, which was adopted in 1993 in response to paragraph 34 of the World Summit Plan of Action. The working committee headed by the Cabinet Member is now working on the review of its implementation and the further Programme for 2002-2010. Another significant source for the end-decade review was a series of “One World Conferences” carried out in 1999 and 2000. The idea behind these conferences, organized in close cooperation with the United Nations Country Team in Mongolia, was to raise the awareness of the conclusions and action agendas of the World Summits and Conferences held in the 1990s, to encourage and support greater participation of children in their follow-up activities.
Step by step measures have been undertaken in recent years to improve the legal framework for the promotion and protection of children in Mongolia. Today, Mongolia is a party to 30 international human rights treaties, including the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which was ratified in 1990. Last year the Parliament of Mongolia ratified the ILO Convention No. 182 on the Worst Forms of Child Labour. In the implementation the Millennium Declaration in which the world leaders resolved to encourage the ratification and full implementation of the CRC and its optional protocols, the Government of Mongolia is going to sign next month the two optional protocols to the CRC. During the past decade a number of national laws, including the Law on Education, the Health Law, the Law on Social Benefits, the Family Law, the Labour Code and etc., have been renewed taking into account the new circumstances in the country, as well as its obligations under the international treaties. Among them I wish to single out the importance of the Law Protecting Children’s Rights, adopted in 1996, which makes a particular emphasis on the protection of children living difficult circumstances.
Specific actions have been carried out by the Government of Mongolia for child survival, protection and development through various national programmes on poverty alleviation, promotion of education, health care, nutrition and social protection. Nevertheless, the country still faces serious difficulties in meeting the challenges of its transitional period. The growing number of street children, poverty and hunger stricken, school drop-outs represent a serious cause of concern. Therefore, my Government attaches high priority to its social policy, and is making every effort to redress the present situation and take concrete actions for further development of children.
I am pleased to note that in its efforts towards ensuring a better life for the future generation, the Government of Mongolia actively cooperates with international organizations, including UNICEF, UNDP, WHO, UNFPA, ILO, FAO, donour countries, international and national NGOs. UN organizations not only provides technical assistance through their programmes and projects implemented in Mongolia, but also actively cooperates in assessing the current situation and outlining perspectives for future actions. I wish to single out here the most recent UNICEF report on the situation of children and women in Mongolia. The report contains many important conclusions and recommendations that help the Government define its priority tasks and specific actions to improve the situation of children and women in Mongolia.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.