STATEMENT BY H.E. MR. TSAKHIA ELBEGDORJ,
PRESIDENT OF MONGOLIA AT THE GENERAL DEBATE
OF THE 64TH SESSION OF THE
UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY
EFFECTIVE RESPONSES TO GLOBAL CRISES: STRENTHENING MULTILATERALISM AND DIALOGUE AMONG CIVILIZATIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL PEACE, SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENT
September 25, 2009 New York
Mr.President Ali Treki,
Mr. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon,
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Let me join others in extending our sincere congratulations to you, Mr. President, on your unanimous election to preside over this session of the General Assembly. I am confident that under your able stewardship this session will mark an important milestone in meeting the formidable challenges of our times.
And the challenges we face as a human family are unprecedented indeed. No nation, no country is left immune to the ruthless clutches of the multitude of global crises:
economy and finance,
fuel and food,
flu pandemic and climate change.
These and other global challenges require global solutions underpinned by a new multilateralism. Multilateralism that is effective, proactive and commensurate to the existing demands. Never has the world needed an effective multilateralism as we do now, as the Secretary-General has rightly put it “this is the ultimate multilateral moment”.
Mongolia highly commends the strong leadership of Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon towards making the world Organization the center of the new multilateralism. We also applaud his unwavering commitment to mobilize broad political support in addressing pressing challenges of today.
Upon the initiative of the Secretary-General on 22nd this month we have witnessed an unprecedented gathering of world leaders. It provided the necessary political impetus for Copenhagen. I have been both humbled and honoured to serve as one of the Co-Chairs of the round tables. As a result, we all agreed that in Copenhagen we must reach the long-awaited agreement. The political will was clearly displayed. The deal must be within our grasp.
Climate change poses a truly
existential threat to humanity. As a country intimately affected by climate
It has become increasingly evident that extensive effects of climate change have already occurred in most parts of the sub-region. It has become more exposed to:
increased occurrence of natural disasters,
melting of permafrost, glaciers and snow covers,
reduced water resources.
As a result, poverty, food shortage
and spread of infectious deceases would increasingly affect the sustainable
development of the countries in the region. Thus, the urgent need to take joint
efforts to redress the situation, mitigate risks and enhance their adaptive
capacity. We remain hopeful that the countries in the region will continue
their active engagement in the preparations in the run-up to the
Allow me to share briefly our views on issues we deem important as we collectively seek to identify effective responses to global crises.
First, my delegation believes that the multiple nature of the crises has to be taken into account in order to find an adequate response at the global level. This in itself is a daunting task demanding from us the courage to raise beyond simply national and/or group interests in order to collectively survive in our one-global-human village.
Second, in all our policies and actions we need to focus on people, on human costs of overcoming the dire consequences of multiple crises. According to the World Bank’s latest report released last week the ongoing global economic, financial and food crises plunged hundreds of millions additionally into the iron grip of poverty, hunger, unemployment, illiteracy and ill-health.
Despite this grim situation we are, nonetheless,
encouraged by a broadly shared recognition that the vulnerable countries,
including landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) ought to be assisted to
withstand harsh impact of the crises. In this regard, we look forward to the
G-20 meeting in
Every sixth member of the United Nations is a landlocked developing country with inherent development handicap. Indeed, lack of territorial access to the sea, remoteness from world markets, subsequent high transportation costs and undue delays are major impediments for LLDCs.
marginalization and inadequate representation of the developing world in
global decision-making is another drawback to the strength of the new
multilateralism. Thus, the need for a reformed global governance structures.
Our world Organization has embarked on a process of reform in order to better respond to the multi-faceted challenges. Important progress has been made in several reform areas, yet more efforts are needed to adapt the United Nations to the realities of the 21st century.
Here, we expect the General Assembly negotiations on the Security Council reform to make a meaningful progress at this session by meeting the demands of the overwhelming majority of Member States to expand the Council in both permanent and non-permanent categories.
A revitalized General Assembly,
increased role of the ECOSOC in global economic governance, enhanced UN
capacity in democracy and peace-building are also needed.
With a view to making our humble
contribution to promoting an effective international cooperation in economic,
social and related fields
Fourth, in order to find effective solutions to global crises we need to do away with triple deficits, namely:
deficit of political will and commitment,
deficit of implementation and
deficit of resources
that all too often have impeded the pursuit of our common efforts. Those are some of the issues that, in our view, warrant the kind consideration by the international community in order to formulate our collective approach to the pressing challenges at hand.
As a Northeast Asian nation with an internationally recognized
Yesterday the international community has witnessed another strong signal in strengthening multilateralism, particularly in the area of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. The Security Council’s summit chaired by President Obama confirmed the path towards a world free of nuclear weapons in its historic resolution.
year will mark the tenth anniversary of the renowned Brahimi Report, which
charted a renewed vision for UN peacekeeping operations. We are proud that
Later this year we will observe the 20th
anniversary of the onset of democratic transformation in my home country.
Democracy and respect of human rights have been, in our
view, inherently woven into the MDGs. Proceeding from this premise
We believe in international
cooperation and support to democratization efforts. In this regard,
For the past almost five decades
conclusion, may I reiterate