Points at the informal plenary on the
Intergovernmental Negotiations on the

Security Council reform, 7 April 2009





  1. We acknowledge overall agreement of MS on enlargement of the Security Council since nobody opposes it.  


  1. We are open to new and creative ideas on the size of the enlarged SC. Any abstract number should not be an obstacle to our negotiations.


  1. My delegation views that with necessary flexibility we could reconcile our divergent views on today’s subject of negotiations. The flexibility and middle ground need to take into account many factors, including the followings.


    1. Since the proposed figures most commonly range between 20-26 we need to balance between limited expansion and considerable enlargement.


    1. We need to understand underlying interests of those who advocate low 20s and high 20s. Advocates for high number emphasize improving legitimacy and representativeness of the SC, while proponents for limited expansion stress effectiveness and efficiency of the SC.  


    1. The heads of state and governments directed us in 2005 from the World Summit to reform the SC in order to make it more broadly representative and efficient.


    1. A number of issues and concerns (criteria: representation, effectiveness, contribution and etc.) have been outlined in determining the size of an expanded SC.


  1. Mongolia prefers the size of the enlarged SC to be at the range of 24-25[1]. Why?  


    1. The size at 24-25 improves the ratio of the membership of the SC against the general membership of the UN. In 1945 the ratio was 1:5 and today it went down to 1:13. Expanded SC with 24 would bring back the ratio to the level of 1965, which was 1:8. Preferably, in accordance with the original ratio the number of the SC would have been 38 (1:5 -> 192:5=38.4). But it is perfectly understood that such a high number will risk efficiency and effectiveness of the Council.


    1. Setting the ratio at 1:8 will reconcile concerns of MS that advocate efficiency and agility of SC as well as those MS that worry about remedy of the underrepresentation of developing countries in the SC.


    1. The ratio at 1:8 is feasible. It was maintained in 1965 and could be repeated.


Working methods


  1. On the question of the working methods we do sense again convergence of the views. Our common interest, whether it is inside or outside of the SC, lies in improving the working methods of the SC in order to “make it more broadly representative, efficient and transparent and thus to further enhance its effectiveness and the legitimacy and implementation of its decisions[2].” 


  1. We recognize that in past years, many informal improvements have been made to the transparency and accountability of the Security Council’s deliberative and decision-making procedures as well as addressing concerns of participation of non-Council members, including troop contributors. Role and contribution of non-permanent members have been significant. We particularly commend work done by Japan as a chair of Council’s Informal Working Group on Working Methods in 2006. 


  1. Unfortunately, the above incremental improvements have been mainly ad hoc and not fully formalized. We believe that the sheer fact that the rules of procedure of the SC remain provisional makes obscurity and lack of transparency inherent in the Council’s work. At some point, it may be advisable for the SC to formalize its provisional rules of procedure.


  1. As the workload increased rapidly, nowadays the SC, which for decades met only infrequently and mainly in public, became virtually continuously in session with many consultations in the form of “informal,” “Arria-formula” or “expert meetings.” These kind of private and closed consultations maybe productive but they lead to less visibility of the SC work and further raise problems of openness and transparency. (For example, non-Council members are not permitted to participate in “informal consultations of the Security Council as a whole.”)  


  1. Mongolia’s stance on the question on the table is that we need to further democratize the working method of the SC through increased transparency and openness of the Council’s work.


  1. We support the S-5 proposal as a good start to enhancing the accountability, transparency and inclusiveness of the Council work with a view to further enhancing its legitimacy and effectiveness. We look forward that the S5 will further elaborate in their proposal the subject of improving access of non-Council members into the work of the SC.


  1. Better access of non-Council members to the work of the Council is of essential importance. Because it touches interests of over 90% at the current structure of the SC and nearly 80% of membership of the UN in case of the SC expansion. We welcome efforts of past and current non-permanent members of SC in improving access of non-Council members through various means including information-sharing, consultation and cooperation. We would also like to commend the innovative efforts by the Permanent Mission of Vietnam last year in interacting with non-members before finalizing the report of the SC to the GA. We hope that briefing by Vietnam and Japan on the SC work in the Asian Group earlier this year would be continued. 


  1. Mongolia being one of the fifty largest troop-contributing Member States[3] to peacekeeping operations, attaches particular importance in further improving opportunity and participation of TCC (troop contributing countries) in relevant decision-making of the SC at an early stage. Because any decision affects issue of life and death of our military personnel we urge the SC to improve its working method in this regard and move beyond merely ritual involvement and commit to more interactiveness with TCC.


  1. We understand that members of the SC are increasingly overloaded with wide ranging issues of the international peace and security and they want efficiency and effectiveness in their work. Thus, we strongly believe that if we could make the SC’s working method more democratic, transparent and open it would be beneficial to all and especially members of the SC.  

[1] А хувилбараар 24, Дөрвийн бүлгинхээр 25

[2] 2005 World Summit Outcome

[3] http://www.un.org/Depts/dpko/dpko/contributors/ as of 28-Feb-09 манай улс 44-т бичигдсэн буй