STATEMENT BY H.E.MS.ENKHTSETSEG OCHIR,
AND PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF
THE UNITED NATIONS, AT THE GENERAL DEBATE OF THE FIRST COMMITTEE OF THE 64TH SESSION OF THE UN GENERAL ASSEMBLY
October 9, 2009
My delegation aligns
itself with the principled position of
Over the course of this week many delegations underscored, albeit to a varying degree of enthusiasm, the encouraging developments occurred on the international disarmament and non-proliferation agenda since we last met. The highlights include the Secretary-General’s five-point proposal, break-up of stalemate in the Conference for Disarmament, start of US-Russia talks on further reductions of their strategic offensive arms, entry into force of two NWFZs, holding of the first ever Security Council summit on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation and the recent CTBT’s Article XIV Conference.
Positive developments were also repeatedly mentioned on conventional arms control area, including issues related to cluster munitions, work toward an arms trade treaty, preparation for forthcoming meetings on land mine as well as regulating illicit trade in small arms and light weapons.
Yet, fundamental challenges and serious threats continue to hinder our efforts of building a more secure and safer world.
23,000 nuclear weapons and thousands of missiles and bombers to deliver them are still in possession.
Weapons of mass destruction treaties fall short of universal and strict adherence.
There are still no legally binding treaties to deal with missiles, trade in small arms and cutting off fissile-materials.
Past commitments, including the 13 practical steps towards nuclear disarmament from the 2000 NPT review conference, have yet to see their full implementation.
Hence, the outstanding issues on disarmament and non-proliferation agenda need to be addressed with renewed vigor and pragmatic approach. Here, my delegation would like to underscore the significance of establishing NWFZs. As long as nuclear weapon states argue for gradual and step-by-step nuclear disarmament, creation of NWFZs should be strongly encouraged as one of the most feasible and pragmatic approach. NWFZs not only complement global efforts towards nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation but they also strengthen the NPT regime. Therefore, we call on nuclear-weapon States that have not yet done so to sign and ratify the respective treaty protocols.
In the history of NWFZs
this year will go down as a remarkable one with two treaties entering into
force in Central Asia and
This year has also
witnessed some initial steps towards enhancing cooperation among NWFZs. At the
first meeting of focal points of NWFZs and
Having its status
recognized by the General Assembly since 1998 and assured by P-5,
Mongolia, as a
non-nuclear-weapon State with a unique location that does not permit it to be
part of any regional (traditional) NWFZs, is pursing the policy of
institutionalizing its nuclear-weapon-free status by concluding an appropriate
international treaty. We hope that the relevant trilateral meetings at
Looking back we could
conclude that declaring our territory nuclear-weapon-free in 1992 did not
weaken our security. On the contrary, as our Secretary of State pointed out at
the ARF Ministerial Meeting in
Another benefit worth mentioning in this regard is the fact that now we talk with comfort about peaceful use of nuclear energy. And no one frowns at us. On the contrary, everyone endeavors to support our modest ambitions. If it worked for us, there is no reason why it would not work for other countries be it in NEA or beyond.
Taking this opportunity,
I would like to express my delegation’s gratitude to the
I join other delegations in underlining that the chances for the CTBT’s entry into force today are higher than ever before. Its effective implementation and adherence is an imperative for the effective and viable NPT regime.
Apart from their primary
purpose, the CTBT’s International Monitoring Systems (IMS) proved to
be useful for broader civil and scientific applications.
In addition to its humble
efforts to promote global disarmament and non-proliferation,
In concluding, let me reiterate my delegation’s full support to your efforts, Mr.Chairman, to lead the work of this Committee to a meaningful conclusion.