Her Excellency Ms.Enkhtsetseg Ochir,
Permanent Representative of Mongolia to the
United Nations, at the plenary meeting of the 63rd UNGA,
on Report of the Security Council ; Question of
equitable representation on and increase in the membership
of the Security Council and related matters ,
19 November 2008
Let me begin by thanking His Excellency Ambassador Urbina, Permanent Representative of Costa Rica, President of the Security Council during the month of November for presenting the Report of the Security Council to the General Assembly on behalf of the Council. My delegation would also like to thank H.E. Srjan Kerim, President of the 62nd session of the General Assembly and the members of his task force – the PRs of Bangladesh, Chile, Djibouti and Portugal, for their hard work to move the reform process forward during the last session.
The 62nd session of the UNGA made an historic breakthrough in the long stalled process of the SC reform with a unanimous adoption of the decision 62/557. It concluded our preparatory phase for launching intergovernmental negotiations. And now we believe the time has come to seize this momentum and move forward expeditiously.
Last 2 meetings of the OEWG have vividly revealed that the large majority of Member States are willing and ready to engage in the intergovernmental negotiations as soon as possible. In this respect, my delegation regrets that it was found somehow impossible to start the intergovernmental negotiations on 21 November this year as was originally proposed by H.E. Miguel D’Escoto Brockmann, PGA, in his letter of October 10 last. However, we remain hopeful that the intergovernmental negotiations will start sooner and are eagerly looking forward to new dates to be announced by the PGA as he has stated that and I quote: “… a better Council cannot wait until tomorrow, if we want to have a better tomorrow.” We also remain encouraged by the determination and commitment by the PGA to implement the letter and spirit of the GA decision 62/557.
My delegation shares the view expressed by many that having considered the question of equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council and related matters over the course of the last 15 years, the OEWG has already made its contribution to the process and largely exhausted its potential. If the OEWG would somehow come up with constructive recommendations over the next few weeks we would only welcome them. But either way, its outcome or no outcome, its work should not in any way stall the start and ensuing process of the intergovernmental negotiations of the comprehensive reform of the Security Council.
As we poised to enter into the intergovernmental negotiations, I would like to reaffirm the principled position of Mongolia on the SC reform. Mongolia has consistently stood for a just and equitable enlargement of the Security Council by increasing both permanent and non-permanent members while ensuring due representation of developing and developed countries.
We also believe that the SC needs further improvement of its working methods. They are part and parcel of a comprehensive reform package. Taking note of last August’s open debate of the Security Council on its working methods, we support the S-5 proposal aimed at enhancing the accountability, transparency and inclusiveness of the Council work with a view to strengthening its legitimacy and effectiveness. We also view that open debates and interactive briefings by the SC is a commendable practice to be further enhanced to the benefit of non-members.
As to the report of the Security Council we support the views that its contents need more in-depth analysis and that relevant amendments to that effect could be introduced in the provisional rules of procedure of the Security Council. We would also also like to commend the innovative efforts by the Permanent Mission of Vietnam in interacting with non-members before finalizing the report of the SC. We believe that this initiative needs to be further practiced by the incoming Presidents of the SC.
Mr. President, in concluding, I would like to assure you of my delegation’s full support of your efforts to move forward the Security Council reform through launching and steering the conduct of intergovernmental negotiations together with Ambassador Tanin in the spirit you have outlined as let us “come together, keep together, work together”.