14 November 2007

Mr. President,
I am taking the floor today to express my Government’s position on the issue of structural reform of the Security Council.

Mr. President,
Mongolia stands for an early reform of the Security Council in order to make it more broadly representative, efficient and transparent and thus to further enhance its effectiveness, and the legitimacy and implementation of its decisions.

My country believes in a just and equitable expansion of the Security Council in both its permanent and non-permanent categories of membership, ensuring due representation of both developing and developed countries.

Expansion in the permanent members’ category should address the dichotomy in the composition of the Council and the geopolitical realities of the day. Factors such as global outreach of a country, its economic and political weight must therefore be taken into consideration. Permanent membership, after all, is not only a privilege; it is also a heavy responsibility. Mongolia thus supports the aspirations of Japan, Germany and India who are willing, and we believe, are well positioned to serve as new permanent members of the Security Council. Moreover, Africa and Latin America should also be adequately represented on the Council.

My delegation supports creation of additional non-permanent seats that would reflect the changes in the membership of the Organization over the last decades, and give small states better possibilities to serve on the Council. In the same vein, my delegation does not support proposals to amend Article 23 of the Charter. The provision that retiring members of the Security Council shall not be eligible for immediate re-election has been instrumental in ensuring rotation of Council members and election of more countries to the Council than otherwise would have been the case. Needless to say, smaller states have been the main beneficiary of this rule. 

I would like to add that we find objectionable any proposals that entertain ideas of establishing a third tier of membership in the Security Council. We believe that it would result in devaluation of the role and sidelining of the existing non-permanent members’ category and is not, as such, in the best interest of small states.

Mr. President,

Improving of working methods of the Security Council is an essential element of the reform process and one that is of particular significance for the majority of Member States. My delegation notes in this respect
the work of the Informal Working Group on Documentation and Other Procedural Questions to improve the working methods of the Security Council. Increased transparency, openness of the Council’s work as well as better access for States not members and enhanced accountability to the membership can only enhance the authority of the Council and augment the legitimacy of its decisions.

Mr. President,

Our deliberations over the years have revealed that all Member States share a view that no reform effort of the United Nations is complete without the Security Council reform. Another point of universal convergence happens to be the necessity to make progress on the Security Council reform track, as everyone agrees that the current status quo in unacceptable.

I take this opportunity to commend your predecessor H.E. Haya Rasheda Al-Khalifa, President of the 61st session of the General Assembly, for her remarkable leadership in steering the work of the General Assembly in moving forward this vital reform dimension. Indeed, her efforts and those of the Facilitators, were instrumental in generating a unique momentum that has carried over to this session as exemplified by the number of delegations that are taking the floor in this debate.

The last session of the General Assembly was marked by an extensive process of consultations that allowed delegations to engage in focused exchange of views on every aspect of the Security Council reform.  But ever more importantly, this process resulted in adoption by the General Assembly of a resolution in which it decided that the question of Security Council reform should be considered during the current session of the General Assembly, so that further concrete results may be achieved, including through intergovernmental negotiations, building on the progress achieved so far, particularly at the 61st session, as well as the positions of and proposals made by Member States.

My delegation takes the current debate as a beginning of the process that should yield concrete results over the course of this session. We look forward to hearing your suggestions and proposals on the way to proceed.

Rest assured, Excellency, that my delegation shall spare no effort to assist you in your efforts. 

I thank you.