DEBATE OF THE 62ND SESSION OF
UNITED NATIONS GENERAL ASSEMBLY
EXCELLENCY MR. ENKHBOLD NYAMAA, MP,
FOR FOREIGN AFFAIRS
New York, 1 October 2007
We are in the middle of
the road, halfway
towards the 2015 deadline for achieving the Millennium Development
Eight years left ‚€“ is it much? Are we
keeping the pace?
Measured against the
history of the human
race ‚€“ it is but a sand particle in an hourglass. Measured against the
and expectations of millions of people living in abject poverty, with
to clean water, for children with little prospect of gaining an
reaching their full potential in life, for women dying in childbirth,
who will never learn how to walk or talk, or write and read, taken away
preventable diseases ‚€“ this surely amounts to much more than a sand
By 2015 our peoples shall
make a judgment
if the pledges and commitments made by their leaders and the
community as a whole were genuine. They shall ascertain if the
illustrious gatherings of the world leaders stand for actual deeds or
if they equal
to empty words and hollow promises. The eight years towards 2015 are
litmus test of our credibility.
To pass this test or not
is, therefore, upon
We must deliver what we
pledged. We must
achieve the Millennium Development Goals and other internationally
developments goals. We must exert our best efforts individually as
must exert them collectively as international community.
In order to do so we must
now look back
at our individual progresses so far. We must take stock of what has
been achieved and what is yet to be done to achieve the Goals on time.
My country - Mongolia
is intimately monitoring
her progress on the path towards achieving the MDGs. Second National
MDGs Implementation in Mongolia
has only recently been considered by the national Parliament.
Implementation of the
MDGs is about
meeting basic needs of the people, securing their social and personal
and my Government is serious about delivering them for our people.
despite considerable efforts made, success is still far from assured on
number of goals and first and foremost on the goal to halve poverty.
On a global scale, the
MDGs progress report
of 2007 revealed the same mixed picture. The report made a strong case
concerted additional action to be taken immediately and sustained until
the world were to attain the MDGs. It argued that lack of any
increase in ODA since 2004 makes it impossible, even for well-governed
to meet the MDGs.
Against this backdrop, I
lend my full
backing and support to your proposal, Mr. President, to have an MDGs
Meeting here at the United Nations. Such a meeting must, in our view,
serve as a midterm review mechanism, it must also coin concrete
recommendations on the way forward.
We are fully aware of our
for our own development. Yet there are factors well beyond our control
impede progress and climate change figures prominently among them.
Climate change is
definitely no longer a
subject of pure scientific and academic discourse. Nations large and
coastal and landlocked alike, are feeling its effects on their
livelihoods of their peoples.
The recent report by the
Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) indicated that poor
will be the hardest hit by climate change effect in spite of the fact
contribute the least to the phenomenon.
Is this fair?
The contribution of my
country to global
warming is negligible at most. Yet Mongolia
severely affected by negative consequences of climate change. To give
but a few
the last 60 years the average temperature in Mongolia
has risen by almost 2¬įC,
compared to a rise in global mean temperature of about 1¬įC over the
85 percent of land surface has been degraded, mostly due to wind
combined with human activities, including mining and overgrazing by
Desertification is rampant. Pastures that support the semi-nomadic
Mongols, have decreased and become more fragile. Over the past 40 years
fertility has decreased 2-3 times.
country has been subject to ever more frequent occurrence of natural
like drought and dzud (cold winter with heavy snowfalls) in recent
had a severe impact on the pastoral economy of the country.
Fair or not, no country
can stand aside
or afford inaction in the face of truly global challenges like climate
all must carry our share of the common endeavor. Yet, it is only
those who contribute the most to global warming must carry the bulk of
burden. Hence, the industrialized countries should fulfill their
take the lead in reducing their greenhouse gases emissions and provide
financial resources and transfer clean technologies to developing
implementation of the
UNFCCC (the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) and
Kyoto Protocol remains a priority even as the international community
on the road towards shaping the post-Kyoto
framework. The post-Kyoto
framework should be flexible and diverse,
taking into consideration circumstances in each country. It must
include all the
major emitters and achieve compatibility between environmental
economic growth by utilizing advances in technologies to the greatest
The United Nations
Conference to be held in Bali in
have a crucial role in shaping such a future framework. We must seize
opportunity and fully utilize the current session of the General
Assembly to build
the groundwork for the Bali
Regional and sub-regional
should also be mobilized as complementary and supplementary instruments
global efforts. Mongolia
Northeast Asian country - attaches particular importance to developing
cooperation mechanisms in the sub-region as dust and sand storms
the expanding Gobi desert have become a familiar phenomenon for
inhabitants of Beijing, Seoul, Tokyo
is one of the most dynamic and diverse regions of the world. It
of the world‚€™s major economic powerhouses such as China,
of Korea and Russian Federation, along with smaller
vulnerable economies of Mongolia
and the Democratic People‚€™s Republic of Korea.
is also home to a quarter of the world‚€™s population. The sheer size and
of the sub-region mean that climate change manifestations are
they are intimately felt in each and every country.
Mongolia has, therefore, come up with
initiative to hold a Northeast Asian Summit on Climate Change in the
future. We hope that such a high level event would make a breakthrough
regional cooperation on climate change and serve as a tangible
the global efforts.
has been making
to address the challenges posed by climate change by appropriately
its legal environment and actively implementing various programs and
In 1996 a National Action Plan
Desertification was adopted.
1999, we established a National Climate Change Committee entrusted with
formulating national policy on adaptation to climate change and
greenhouse gases, preparing the reports on the national greenhouse
inventories, policies and measures.
2000, the Government of Mongolia launched its National Action Program
Climate Change aimed not only to meet the UNFCCC obligations, but also
priorities for action and to integrate climate change concerns into
national and sectoral development plans and programs.
Furthermore, our MDG-based
National Development Strategy, the draft of which was recently
submitted to the
Parliament for its consideration and approval, contains a separate
environmental policy. It identifies protection of nature and
use of natural resources and climate change concerns among national
goals. The draft strategy is expected to be approved by the Parliament
On a more
side, in 2005, my Government launched a major program on agroforestry
entitled ‚€œGreen Belt‚€Ě
attempt to combat desertification, stop sand movement, reduce
dust and sand storms. Upon its completion a great
Green Wall will extend for
2,500 kilometers from the east to the west of the country shielding the
steppes from the Gobi
In the energy sector,
which is mostly
based on fossil fuels, particularly coals, the Government makes
efforts to introduce an alternative or renewable source of energy. To
effect, construction of hydro power
plants has started along with the implementation
the ‚€œ100.000 solar ger‚€Ě program.
landlocked geographical situation of my country is an additional hurdle
development efforts and MDGs implementation. Indeed, lack of
to the sea, remoteness from world markets, subsequent high
and undue delays are major impediments to trade of landlocked
countries (LLDCs). Higher trade costs reduce a country‚€™s welfare and
economic growth by making imports expensive and exports uncompetitive.
together with other like-minded countries has endeavored to raise the
of the international community of the need for support and assistance
and promote the common position and interests of the Group at both the
Nations and WTO. Here, I wish to highlight the importance of the
of LLDCs Trade Ministers and the Thematic meeting of Landlocked
and their transit neighbors on trade and trade facilitation issues held
Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia last month, for setting priorities of the Group
context of the Doha Round of multilateral trade negotiations and in the
to the mid-term review of the Almaty Program of Action.
continue to affect
Despite our best efforts,
around us is still not a safe place for many. Millions suffer on a
from hunger, illnesses, insecurity and threat of violence. Thousands
perish in sectarian violence, terrorist attacks and internal conflicts,
thousands more having fled violence, thus augmenting the growing ranks
refugees and internally displaced persons. All this invariably takes a
toll on the developmental aspirations of the affected countries.
Many of us come from
ravaged by conflicts or from regions that lay thousands of miles away
conflict zones. Yet, in this age of globalization, none of us could
Record-hitting oil prices
the situation in the Middle East have
profound impact on the world economy. Small, vulnerable and commodity
economies, like Mongolia,
are hit the hardest along with other oil-importing developing
However, it is ordinary
people in the Middle East that bear
the brunt of the suffering. The
international community must deliver a promise of peace and security to
people of Iraq, Israel, Palestine,
Darfur and other conflict zones.
We must continue our
global fight against
terrorism with the United Nations at the helm of this collective
recent hostage crisis in Afghanistan
came as a sobering reminder of the threat still posed by Taliban. It
proved that terrorists prey on those who cannot fight back. Thus, it is
solemn duty to offer protection to those who cannot defend themselves.
Mongolia - a country with an
recognized nuclear-weapon-free status ‚€“ is pleased with the progress
in the Six-Party Talks on the denuclearization of the Korean
Peninsula, the latest round of
took place last week in Beijing.
As its contribution towards advancing the Six-Party Talks, Mongolia hosted a bilateral working
session on the normalization of relations between Japan
and the DPRK from 4 to 5
September this year and stands ready to continue such efforts in the
Mongolia is heartened at the news
forthcoming inter-Korean Summit
meeting starting tomorrow. We are hopeful that it will contribute to
of bringing about peace, security, and eventually a peaceful
light of the promising
political dynamics in the sub-region, Mongolia
is optimistic that its early call for a multilateral security
mechanism in Northeast Asia would
for support in the sub-region and beyond.
of countries having embarked over the last decades on a path towards establishing modern
democratic societies built upon the principles of pluralism, respect
rights, freedom of the press, and democratic governance, democracy has
firmly established as a truly universal value.
We in Mongolia
believe that democracy is
the best possible environment for sustained economic growth. Democracy
respect of human rights have been, in our view, inherently woven into
Proceeding from this premise Mongolia
was the first country to adopt in 2005 its MDG-9
on ‚€œStrengthening human rights and
fostering democratic governance‚€Ě.
Mongolia is proud of her successful
transition with major gains in the political, economic, social and
areas of our societal life. Yet, as a young democracy, my country is
intimately aware of the complex challenges faced by countries in
We believe in
and support to democratization efforts. In this regard, Mongolia
applauds the increased role of the United Nations in fostering
good governance, not only through assistance in holding credible
through a wide range of activities to promote democratic institutions
practices. The UN Democracy Fund, which has already funded over 100
around the globe, is a notable example. The United Nations has also
important stakeholder in the success of the new or restored democracies
Global challenges require
approaches, and no other body is better equipped to serve as the
of the collective efforts of the international community than the
Nations. The United Nations is the world‚€™s most universal, legitimate
authoritative organization. It is a true political center of global
cooperation. It gives us legitimacy. It gives us legality.
Our World Organization
has embarked on a
process of reform in order to better respond to the multi-faceted
both existing and emerging, in this era of rapid globalization
growing complexities. Progress has been made in several reform areas,
efforts combined with stronger political will is needed to follow
reforms related especially to system-wide coherence of the United
the Security Council. Mongolia
has full confidence in H.E. Mr. Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the
Nations, and supports his efforts aimed at improving the management,
and internal cohesion of the United Nations system.
Our success as a
community of nations in
tackling the challenges of climate change, achieving the MDGs and other
internationally agreed development goals, countering terrorism,
promoting democracy and human rights and effectively addressing other
issues of today largely depends on the success of this transformation.
The clock is ticking. We
continuing the business as usual. If we are to honour, in good faith
time, the pledges and commitments we made to our peoples, we must
concerted efforts to win this historic race.
you for your attention.