/as delivered /
UNGA 60th session
Agenda item: 10
“Support by the United Nations system of the efforts of
Governments to promote and consolidate new or restored democracies”
INTRODUCTION OF RESOLUTION A/60/L.53
“SUPPORT BY THE UNITED NATIONS SYSTEM OF THE
EFFORTS OF GOVERNMENTS TO PROMOTE AND CONSOLIDATE
NEW OR RESTORED DEMOCRACIES”
BY H.E. MR. BAATAR CHOISUREN,
AMBASSADOR, PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF MONGOLIA
TO THE UNITED NATIONS
2 April 2006, New York
I have the distinct honour to introduce draft resolution entitled “Support by the United Nations system of the efforts of Governments to promote and consolidate new or restored democracies” on behalf of the co-sponsors listed in document A/60/L.53 and additional co-sponsors Armenia, Australia, Brazil, Cape Verde, Denmark, Djibouti, Gabon, Georgia, Indonesia, Iraq, Kyrgyzstan, Liechtenstein, Nepal, Nicaragua, San Marino, Sri Lanka, Switzerland, Tajikistan, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Timor Leste, Yemen, Zambia, Indonesia, Kyrgyz Republic, Liechtenstein, San-Marino, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Yemen and Zambia.
The international conferences of new or restored democracies (ICNRD) have been an important force in building up the global momentum towards democratization. These conferences served as a source of inspiration for many fledgling democracies in their struggle to establish modern and functioning democratic societies built upon the principles of pluralism, respect for human rights, freedom of the press, and democratic governance; and facilitated in the exchange of views, experiences and lessons-learnt amongst themselves and with more mature democracies.
The intergovernmental process of ICNRDs has a rich experience of fruitful cooperation with the United Nations system. It should, as such, play its role in translating into reality the commitments made by world leaders at the 2005 World Summit to support democracy by strengthening countries’ capacity to implement the principles and practices of democracy, and strengthen the capacity of the United Nations to assist Member States.
The text before us reaffirms, therefore, the commitment of the international community to democracy and the important role of the United Nations in providing timely, appropriate and coherent support to the efforts of Governments to achieve democratization and good governance within the context of their development efforts. It encourages the Secretary-General to continue improving the capacity of the Organization to respond effectively to the requests of Member States including, inter alia, through the activities of the Democracy Fund at the United Nations.
This draft resolution places strong emphasis on the follow-up to the Fifth International Conference of New or Restored Democracies, inviting all stakeholders to inform the Secretary-General of the actions taken to that end. This provision reflects the significance that Mongolia, as host and Chair of the Fifth International Conference, attaches to ensuring effective and efficient follow-up to the recommendations adopted there.
As you are aware, among the major activities being implemented by Mongolia in this respect is the development of Democratic Governance Indicators (DGIs) for the country to measure its democratic performance. This along with a Country Information Note will lay the basis for a National Plan of Action aimed to help consolidate democracy in Mongolia. This program, we believe, will facilitate the design and piloting of methodologies which other new or restored democracies can use for the preparation of their national action plans, country information notes and democracy indicators’ databases as agreed under the Ulaanbaatar Plan of Action.
Mongolia will also be hosting an International Follow-Up Conference on New or Restored Democracies in Ulaanbaatar on 1-2 June this year with a view to sharing her follow-up experiences with other countries. This event will gather ICNRD stakeholders along with international democracy experts to take stock of the follow-up activities and to engage in discussions on how to institutionalize these innovations into the ICNRD movement.
The comprehensive tri-partite conference structure – that includes governments, parliaments and civil society - was pioneered at the Fifth International Conference in Ulaanbaatar. It constituted a major step forward in progressive development of the ICNRD process by allowing for greater interaction and cooperation of different stakeholders in the common effort of promoting democracy. This aspect has found its due reflection in the text in the context of both the follow-up to the Fifth International Conference and the arrangements for upcoming Sixth International Conference.
The Sixth International Conference of New or Restored Democracies will be held soon in Doha, Qatar from 30 October to 1 November this year. Hence, importance of support by Member States, the United Nations system, the specialized agencies and other intergovernmental organizations for the holding of that conference as expressed in the resolution. The conference in Doha will be an event of immense significance both coming against the backdrop of the World Summit outcome, and marking the first time that a conference of new or restored democracies is held in the Middle East. Mongolia wishes every success to Qatar as next Chair, and pledges her active cooperation in the lead-up to the Doha Conference.
The draft resolution that we are to adopt today was subject to very careful examination by Member States in 4 rounds of informal consultations. Taking this opportunity I would like to express the sincere gratitude of my delegation to delegations that took active part in the drafting and had been with us throughout the consultations and negotiations process, for valuable inputs and constructive ideas that helped us shape the present draft. This active participation and interest, as well as the large number of co-sponsors of this resolution, demonstrate the continued validity and relevance of the ICNRD process and bode well for success of the upcoming Doha Conference. I hope that many more countries will join in co-sponsoring this resolution today, thus further reinforcing the message of the resolution on democracy promotion to the international community.
On behalf of all the co-sponsors may I express our hope that this resolution will command, as in the past, unanimous support of this Assembly and be adopted without a vote.
I thank you.