UNGA 60th session
Agenda item: 108
Measures to eliminate international terrorism
6 October 2004
STATEMENT BY H.E. MR. CHOISUREN BAATAR
PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF MONGOLIA
TO THE UNITED NATIONS
Let me congratulate you and the rest of the Bureau on your election, and assure you of my delegations full support in discharge of your duties. I am confident that under your able stewardship this committee will be able to attain its goals.
First of all, I would like to express that the Government of Mongolia strongly condemns recent terrorist attack in Indonesia, causing deaths and injuries to innocent civilians. I convey my deep condolences to the families of victims of these attacks.
Three weeks ago the world leaders gathered here for a Summit meeting unanimously voiced their concern that the international terrorism constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security and strongly condemned terrorism in all its forms and manifestations committed by whomever, wherever and for whatever purposes. They also welcomed the Secretary General’s identification of elements of a counter-terrorism strategy. My delegation attaches utmost importance to the abovementioned accord of the world leaders considering it as an important consensual framework for a definition of “terrorism” and finalizing the work on a Comprehensive Convention on international terrorism during this 60th session of the GA. This work should be truly our main priority.
As we know, terrorism is a particular type of violence with a political, religious or ideological purpose to persecute ordinary people and influence social and political systems, state governance and public psychology. Terrorism and other crimes are now organized, transnational, inter-related and mutually supportive. The world community has been seeking ways to prevent, combat and eradicate these crimes which run contrary to the purposes and principles of the UN Charter. We need to combat this grave violation of human rights collectively, along with other crimes, in a comprehensive manner within social, political, economic, intellectual and even ecological spheres.
But the fight against terrorism must be led within the legal obligations under and in strict conformity with the international law, in particular human rights and other international humanitarian law. On the other hand, if we want to prevail in the fight against terrorism, we should promote as widely as possible dialogue, tolerance and understanding among civilizations. My delegation supports the idea of convening a high-level conference under the auspices of the UN to formulate an international response to terrorism.
The role of the UN in fight against terrorism is well-known. The GA had played a central role in setting international norms and developing the body of international law and the Security Council in monitoring and enforcing the laws. The adoption of the international Convention for the suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism last April by consensus was a good example of the role played by the GA. However, my delegation is of the view that there is a need for streamlining the antiterrorism mechanisms within the organization and strengthening of the organization’s capacity-building role. The UN also should play a leading role in enhancing governmental capacity in developing countries to counter terrorism.
The Government of Mongolia has always detested and strictly condemned terrorism and has expressed its firm opposition to terrorism in all its forms in its official statements. Mongolia has to date joined all 12 conventions against terrorism, signed the UN Convention against Corruption, and last July submitted its recent report under the Security Council Resolution 1373. My government is going through the internal process of ratifying the Convention for the suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism. It also held a national seminar on the implementation of the international Conventions and Treaties dealing with terrorism in August this year. My country has been providing political, diplomatic and humanitarian support by participating in various actions against terrorism.
In conclusion I want to stress that adoption of laws against terrorism and other crimes is certainly an important step in combating such crimes. However, only by bringing domestic laws into conformity with international standards will it be possible to prosecute any crime established by a convention in national territory. In other words, the ultimate significance of such international instruments will be in their implementation. The same logic applies to the Summit outcome in regard of fight against terrorism and agreement and conclusion of the Comprehensive Convention on international terrorism during this 60th session will be the practical implementation of the Summit decision. If we fail in this, it will be interpreted as a failure of the UN against terrorism. It is our earnest hope that we will succeed in it and the Ad Hoc Committee established by the GA will play decisive role in elaborating an acceptable draft.
I thank you.