Statement by H.E. Mr.
Permanent Representative of Mongolia at the plenary meeting of the UN General Assembly
Report of the Secretary-General:
In larger freedom: towards Development, Security, and Human Rights
/8 April 2005, New York/
1. At the outset, allow me to express sincere condolences of my delegation to the Permanent Observer Mission of the Holy See on the passing away of His Holiness, Pope John Paul II, and to the Permanent Mission of the Principality of Monaco on the sad demise of His Serene Highness Prince Rainier III. We share the grief over the tragic loss of these two leaders.
2. Let me begin by thanking you for giving us this opportunity to engage in yet another round of frank and open consultations in the lead-up to the September High-level Plenary Meeting. I also commend you for the leadership and the exemplary manner in which you are guiding our deliberations. Rest assured, Excellency, in my delegation’s full support and assistance to you in your important work.
3. My delegation broadly associates itself with the statements made by Malaysia and Jamaica on behalf of the Non-Aligned Movement and G-77 and China respectively.
The report of the Secretary-General is now being closely studied by the Government of Mongolia, I, therefore, would limit myself to some preliminary remarks on some issues of key importance for us, and shall express the position of my Government in more detail during the thematic consultations to be held by the Facilitators on the basis of 4 clusters contained in the report later this month. I shall also not repeat myself on what my delegation has already expressed on some of the issues before us during the previous round of consultations.
4. We consider the September Summit as a two-tied event. The primary purpose shall be to conduct a thorough review of the state of implementation of internationally agreed development goals, first of all the MDGs, with a view to agreeing and making decisions on the actions and commitments to fulfill these lofty goals within the set time-frame. The second purpose shall be to work out a common understanding of our collective response to the new and old challenges posed to world peace and security, as well as reform of multilateral institutions, first and foremost the United Nations, as the flagship, in order to make them more effective and relevant in dealing with the daunting tasks of today.
5. I am of the view that the Secretary-General has succeeded to a great extent in his task of presenting a balanced vision on how to tackle the key concerns of the international community. Mongolia warmly appreciates the determination and commitment of the Secretary-General to better equip the world organization in meeting the challenges and threats of the new Millennium, and welcomes his comprehensive report as a sound basis for our further consultations and negotiation.
6. Mongolia fully supports the equal emphasis of the Secretary-General on 3 main areas, namely development, security and human rights. Indeed, human rights cannot be separated from development and security - these are intrinsically interconnected and mutually reinforcing processes.
Freedom from Want
7. My delegation attaches utmost important to the development issues under cluster “Freedom from want”. We believe that the Secretary-General has brought forward a series of important but achievable recommendations which, if realized, could galvanize the international community to meet the development challenges which confront mankind. It is now up to the Member States to respond by supporting the proposals and to deliver the commitments.
The report emphasizes the urgent need for continued work toward alleviating poverty and meeting all the agreed objectives of development, embodied in the Millennium Development Goals. My delegation supports the Secretary General’s call for increased and more effective aid, openness to trade, and improved governance--including respect for the rule of law--all of which Mongolia staunchly advocates.
We echo the report's call for all countries to meet their promises to achieve effective governance and to accede fully to promises of aid, including at least initially a doubling of ODA, and debt relief--as reflected in the Monterrey Consensus. We also support its call to build capacity in developing countries, to strengthen national strategies, and to improve the private investment climate and scale up investments in infrastructure for economic growth in developing countries.
Freedom from fear
8. Mongolia supports the vision of collective security presented in the report of the Secretary-General. The report contains a number of very important and far-reaching recommendations pertaining to maintenance of international peace and security that deserve our most serious consideration.
We support the comprehensive strategy against terrorism based on five pillars. It is reassuring that the Secretary-General’s call to complete without delay, an international convention for the suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism has recently been met. The convention is to be adopted by the General Assembly in the nearest future and it is my sincere wish that it shall enter into force in a most expedient manner. We should, in the same spirit of compromise and consensus, hasten our work on the comprehensive convention on terrorism to be able to adopt it before the end of the 60th session, thus further strengthening the international legal framework against terrorism.
The report once again reiterated the importance of progress and genuine commitment to WMDs disarmament and non-proliferation. My delegation looks forward to the forthcoming NPT Review Conference that will provide us with a welcome opportunity to engage in in-depth consideration on the ways and means to address the challenges that are posed to the global nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime.
Freedom to Live in Dignity
9. Promotion and respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all were among the solemn purposes proclaimed by the peoples of the United Nations when they united in their resolve to create this world organization. These purposes, enshrined in the first Article of the Charter, are what Member States are obliged to honour in serving their peoples’ aspirations. Therefore, the attention given by the Secretary-General in his report to the issue of strengthening the human rights system and institutional framework is most timely. It is also worthy to note that even the fundamental principles enshrined in this Charter are purpose-driven principles.
Mongolia, as the host of the 5th International Conference of New or Restored Democracies and the participating state of the Community of Democracies, welcomes the importance attached to democracy in the report and the proposed Democracy Fund.
Strengthening the UN
10. There are some perennial issues that have been repeated endlessly over the course of many years. A few could argue, however, that such persistent repetition in itself is a worrying signal of something important being left unattended, of uncompleted work that has long been since overdue. One of the most prominent examples of that is indeed the Security Council enlargement, an issue talked over by many distinguished delegations during the course of more than ten years. But let me repeat once again the position of my country on this issue that is well-known to you all.
Mongolia has consistently stood for a just and equitable enlargement of the Security Council by increasing the numbers of both permanent and elected seats while ensuring a just share of ownership of the Council by countries from both developing and developed world.
The Secretary-General urged us, the Member States, to consider models A and B, proposed by the High-level Panel, or “any other viable proposals in terms of size and balance that have emerged on the basis of either model“. In other words, the two models A and B, are not presented as a “take it or leave it” package. It is gratifying to note that states supporting either of the models have started to engage in earnest consultations with a view to find an acceptable formula, through, for example, retention of the existing regional groups system or increase in the number of the proposed non-permanent seats. We stand ready to consider and support any proposal based on the Model A that would enjoy broad consensus or at least the widest possible support from the Member States.
In conclusion, let me stress my delegation’s position that it is absolutely imperative to make the September High-level plenary meeting a genuine success. It is essential that it puts us on course to achieve the Millennium Development Goals and places the United Nations and its system on the soundest possible footing for the twenty-first century. We may have different national positions, different perceptions on how to move forward, yet what we have in common is our shared goal to make our world a better, and more secure, just and prosperous place. Our work in the months ahead may be hard, painstaking and seem to lead nowhere, but lest never we forget that what we are doing is exerting all our efforts, borrowing the words of Secretary-General Kofi Annan, “to pass on to our children a brighter inheritance than that bequeathed to any previous generation”. My delegation looks forward to constructive and open consultations before September in a spirit of compromise and mutual respect and understanding.
I thank you.