UNGA 59th session
Agenda item: 148
Measures to eliminate international terrorism
STATEMENT BY H.E. MR. CHOISUREN BAATAR
PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF MONGOLIA
TO THE UNITED NATIONS
19 October 2004
Since I am taking the floor for the first time, let me congratulate you and the rest of the Bureau on your election, and assure you of my delegations full support in discharge of your duties. I am confident that under your able stewardship this committee will be able to attain its goals.
I will be brief, and will not repeat once again my country’s principled position of denunciation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, as that has been stated on a number of occasions at the highest level, and was, most recently expressed in a statement by the State Secretary for Foreign Affairs of Mongolia, Mr. R.Altangerel, during the General Debate of this session.
Mongolia has consistently underlined the central role and unique positioning of the United Nations for developing a comprehensive strategy to uproot international terrorism through global and concerted action.
The role of the UN Security Council, as the principal organ with primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security, and especially of its resolutions adopted under Chapter VII of the Charter, and thus mandatory upon the general UN membership, cannot be underestimated. Mongolia is committed to the full implementation of the UNSCR 1373 and is taking every necessary measure to implement its provisions at the national level. We support the efforts of the Counter-terrorism Committee (CTC) aimed at its revitalization, and are looking forward to seeing the Counter-Terrorism Executive Directorate in operation. The 1267 al-Qaida and Taliban Committee also plays an important role and Mongolia will continue its cooperation with it.
Mongolia takes note of the adoption on 8 October this year of the UNSCR 1566 against terrorism, we particularly welcome its emphasis on “enhancing dialogue and broadening the understanding among civilizations, in an effort to prevent the indiscriminate targeting of different religions and cultures, and addressing unresolved regional conflicts and the full range of global issues, including development issues”, which in turn “will contribute to international cooperation, which by itself is necessary to sustain the broadest possible fight against terrorism.” The new resolution will hopefully inject new energy into and enhance the international cooperation in the fight against terrorism.
The fight against terrorism must be led within the clear borders set by and in strict conformity with the international law. And the United Nations General Assembly had played a central role in development of such body of law. Today, almost all of the 12 international conventions and treaties dealing with different aspects of terrorist acts that were adopted by this body, command virtually universal adherence with more countries keep on signing and ratifying them. My country is no exception; in December 2003 the State Great Khural (Parliament) of Mongolia ratified the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism of 9 December 1999, thus bringing the number of our ratifications to 10 out of 12.
It is also imperative that other bodies of law, such as the international humanitarian and human rights law are fully complied with while countering the terrorism.
The existing international anti-terrorist legal framework is ought to be further strengthened, and its loopholes and gaps filled. Mongolia attaches, therefore, great value to the work of the Ad Hoc Committee established by General Assembly Resolution 51/270 to elaborate the draft comprehensive convention against international terrorism and the draft international convention for the suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism. And we welcome the call on the member states, contained in the UNSCR 1566, to “cooperate fully on an expedited basis in resolving all outstanding issues with a view to adopting by consensus” the above two draft conventions. That should truly be our priority.
Indeed, no matter how we perceive the current tendency within the Security Council to increasingly resort to adoption of international norm setting resolutions that impose treaty-like obligations on the Member States, first of all it is a consequence of the inability or even failure of the General Assembly itself to fully play its role as the legislative body. It is only in the absence of a widely recognized and negotiated legal definition of “terrorism”, development of which is our responsibility, that the UNSCR 1566 contains the definition of what it understands under terrorism. The speedy conclusion of the draft comprehensive convention against international terrorism and the draft international convention for the suppression of acts of nuclear terrorism would not only be in the interest, and reflect the views of all Member States, but will also greatly facilitate the work of the Security Council by further enhancing the legal framework upon which it would base its resolutions.