UNGA 57th session
Plenary. Agenda item: 22
“Cooperation between the
United Nations and regional
and other organizations”
STATEMENT BY AMBASSADOR
PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF MONGOLIA
TO THE UNITED NATIONS
2O November, 2002
At the outset I wish to join the preceding speakers
in expressing my delegation’s appreciation to the Secretary-General for the
preparation of the reports on the current agenda item “Cooperation between the
United Nations and regional and other organizations”.
Mongolia attaches great importance to cooperation between the United Nations and
other international organizations. The relevance of regional organizations in
strengthening international peace and security, in conflict prevention, in
promoting mutual understanding and cooperation, etc. is undeniable, since they
are uniquely placed to deal with region-specific issues and problems, by
providing the necessary expertise to complement that of the United Nations. The
reports demonstrate that the United Nations continues to make considerable
progress in deepening and expanding its relations with regional and other
international organizations on a mutually beneficial basis.
Bearing in mind the time factor and that many
delegations have spoken at length on UN’s cooperation with other organizations,
I shall focus on U.N.’s cooperation with two organizations: the
Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) and the Asian-African Legal Consultative
My delegation is pleased to note that the
Secretary-General’s report on cooperation between United Nations and the IPU is
broad-ranging and substantive. I share the view expressed by the
Secretary-General that the parliamentary voice – the voice of the people – must
be an integral component of the work of the United Nations. Though these two
bodies have organizational and structural differences,
the report demonstrates that they are able to fruitfully cooperate. The
Secretary-General’s report deals with the contribution of the parliaments to
major UN events, including to multilateral negotiations, to the Special Session
of the General Assembly on children, to the World Summit on Sustainable
Development, to the UN Commission on Human Rights, etc. It covers almost all the
areas of United Nations’ activities.
Cooperation between the United Nations and IPU has
started as far back as in 1947. It has further developed with the signing of the
cooperation agreement in 1996. The inclusion of the issue of cooperation of the
two organizations as an item of consideration at sessions of the General
Assembly since 2001, is a demonstration of the collaborative spirit of both the
UN and the IPU.
it is seen from the report, the two organizations share common goals, agenda and
concerns: strengthening of international peace and security, ensuring the
support of human rights, encouraging and supporting of democratic changes,
promoting sustainable development, reducing poverty and
ensuring social progress. We concur with the view that parliaments and
the IPU can serve as a bridge between the global and the local. While addressing
the question of cooperation we need to focus on comparative advantages of the
two organizations and on rational division of labor. Thus the IPU could raise
parliamentary awareness and promote support of UN’s work in national parliaments
and thus help governments. One area of fruitful cooperation could be conducting
genuinely democratic elections. Another important area is in promoting
democracy, strengthening human rights,
representative democratic institutions and the rule of law.
The IPU has agreed, for example, to make its contribution to the Fifth
International Conference of New or Restored Democracies, which is scheduled to
be held in June Next year in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. The main theme of the
conference is promoting good governance and strengthening the role of the civil
Being the legislative bodies of States, parliaments
can play an important role in strengthening international law, especially by
promoting its progressive codification, by speedy ratification
and universalization of the basic international treaties, including those
dealing with human rights, terrorism, arms control and environmental protection,
and their full implementation.
We welcome the input of IPU to the successful
holding of the Millennium Summit through the contribution of the first-ever
Conference of Presiding Officers of National Parliaments. We expect IPU and
national parliaments also to be instrumental in achieving the Millennium
Developmental Goals in the agreed time frame.
Mongolia is proud to serve on the executive body of the IPU. Bearing in mind the
constructive role that IPU could play in promoting the goals of the United
Nations, my delegation has co-sponsored the draft resolution contained in
document l. 38 that is before the plenary. We support the recommendation that
the IPU be given a standing invitation to observe the work of the United Nations
and the right to circulate documents in the General Assembly.
Turning to the AALCO, my delegation would like to express its satisfaction with
the growing cooperation since 1980.
AALCO through its programs is very effectively contributing towards
strengthening the role of this Organization and its various organs, including
the International Court of Justice. The AALCO continues to orient its work
program on priority areas of the United Nations, for which my delegation is
AALCO has left its imprint in the largest
progressive codification process of the past century - the codification of law
of the sea. That enables us to mark next month the twentieth anniversary of the
signing of the Montego Bay Convention that regulates almost
2/3 of the Earth’s surface. Since the convention’s entry into force the AALCO
has been closely monitoring the work and functioning of the International
Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and the International Seabed Authority.
In 1990s the AALCO has been actively participating
in the programs of the United Nations Decade of International Law, in programs
on environment and sustainable development, in helping delegations to prepare
for negotiations on the establishment of the International Criminal Court.
Bearing in mind that still many States have not yet ratified and acceded to the
Rome Statute, my delegation believes that AALCO could play an important
supportive role in the efforts of speeding up the ratification processes,
perhaps by focusing on the areas of possible concern for States and producing
its well-known notes and comments.
Likewise, it could be instrumental in promoting the objectives and
principles set out in the Millennium Declaration by promoting wider acceptance
of multilateral treaties deposited with the Secretary-General.
My delegation commends that apart from the field of
international law, the AALCO is also active in the fields of international
economic cooperation, fight against corruption, environment, refugees,
protection of migrant workers, promotion of human rights, etc. It wishes the
AALCO further successes in promoting the goals of the United Nations. That is why Mongolia would like to co-sponsor draft resolution
In conclusion, my delegation would like to express
the hope that the United Nations would further deepen and expand its mutually
beneficial cooperation with other international organizations. Its cooperation
with regional organizations, hopefully, will soon be expanded to include the
ASEAN Regional Forum, while cooperation with international legal bodies would
include the International Criminal Court.