by H.E. Ambassador J. Enkhsaikhan,
Permanent Representative of Mongolia
to the United Nations, Agenda item 29,
Follow-up to the outcome of the Millennium Summit
Monday, 19 November 2001
the Millennium Summit all member states of our Organization pledged to achieve a
set of development objectives and reiterated their common vision for a
prosperous, peaceful and just world. They adopted the Millennium Declaration - a
historic blueprint for a common action in the new century. In this regard,
Mongolia highly commends an integrated and comprehensive approach outlined by
the Secretary-General in his report entitled “Road map towards the
implementation of the Millennium Declaration”.
My delegation finds the report very useful in
considering the ways and means of implementing the Millennium Declaration. We
agree at this stage what is needed is not more technical or feasibility studies,
but rather political will to carry out the commitments and to implement the
strategies already worked out. We find the structure of the report simple and
yet very informative. The eight goals, 18 targets and more than 40 indicators
given in the report are, in our view, a good basis for working out the criteria
against which the international community could assess the process of
implementation. The Mongolian delegation finds the background information,
including the statistical data, where available, that is provided for each
target, as very useful. Likewise, the strategies for moving forward, provided in
the report for attaining each goal, my delegations finds useful. On the other
hand, some of the goals we find too general and difficult to breakdown their
implementation in stages.
In his report, the
Secretary-General proposes that he submit annual reports and comprehensive
reports every five years. My delegation could agree with such approach.
As to the themes for the reports to be submitted in 2002, 2003 and 2004,
we believe that some additional consultations would required before the Assembly
takes a decision on it.
Government of Mongolia is fully determined to attain the goals of the Millennium
Declaration at the national level and has been taking concrete steps to that
end. I am pleased to inform this Assembly that we have submitted to the
Secretary-General our Government’s Memorandum on the implementation of the
Millennium Declaration on 5 November 2001.
measures towards the implementation of the Millennium Declaration have been
drawn from our past experience, as well as the discussions and recommendations
of a joint conference organized in September in Mongolia by the Government of
Mongolia and the United Nations under the theme “40 years of Mongolia-United
Nations cooperation: Implementation of the Millennium Declaration”.
The 1992 Constitution
of Mongolia reflects the vision of the fundamental values of freedom, equality,
solidarity, tolerance and respect for nature outlined in the Millennium
Declaration. Furthermore, the principle of shared responsibility has found
reflection in the basic concepts of national security and foreign policy adopted
back in 1994.
Over the past decade
the consecutive governments of Mongolia have promoted these goals by mobilizing
domestic resources and drawing on the external experience and assistance of the
international community. As a result, Mongolia has made real progress in its
As to economic reforms, substantial efforts have been made in
fostering a market economy, achieving macro-economic stability, advancing
privatization and improving the infrastructure. However, we admit that there
still much needs to be done.
In addition to its
difficulties associated with transition, the land-locked location and ecological
conditions pose a most fundamental challenge to Mongolia’s economic security
thus making her a prime case of economic vulnerability.
However, to attain to goals of the Millennium Declaration Mongolia
needs to accelerate its economic development. Due
to heavy dependence of the economy on a few export commodities, Mongolia’s
economy remains highly vulnerable to external shocks and harsh terms of trade.
Trade represents an important engine of growth and a means of developing
cooperation among nations. However, due to their geographical location, the
land-locked countries find themselves structurally disadvantaged to equally
benefit from trade liberalization. It is for this reason the Millennium
Declaration recognized the special needs and problems of the 30 land-locked
developing countries (LLDCs), half of which are also the least developed
countries. High transit costs of their exports and imports negate whatever
comparative advantage they could have in world trade.
The challenges that the LLDCs are facing have been clearly highlighted in para. 156 of the Secretary-General’s report. My delegation fully agrees with the conclusion that “the high transport costs of landlocked countries imports impose a significant economic burden on the economies of landlocked countries in the form of inflated prices of both consumer and intermediate inputs, such as fuel”. Though my delegation could agree with the 3 strategies given in the para. 157 of the report to address the above challenges and difficulties, and that proportion of ODA allocated for transport sector in landlocked countries could be taken as an indicator for attaining the target, we believe that some concrete statistical target or indicator should be developed so as to be able to constantly monitor and assess implementation of the goal. In this regard my delegation, together with other landlocked developing countries, could provide some specific proposals to the Secretary-General.
Poverty is one of the critical issues that Mongolia faces
today. Thirty six percent of the population lives in poverty - a phenomenon
that, unfortunately, accompanied the process of transition. The Government of
Mongolia implemented the 1994-2000 National Poverty Alleviation Program (NPAP)
with the support of the international community. The primary goal of the NPAP
was to halt the growing tendency of poverty in the country. To that end more
than 13.000 small scale projects have been undertaken with active participation
of the civil society. The national survey conducted in 2000 has shown that the
level of poverty has not increased despite the continued economic hardships.
In accordance with the
present poverty reduction strategy, which is harmonized with and supported by
broad-based, people-oriented and labor-intensive growth strategies, the
Government of Mongolia is aiming to reduce by year 2005 the number of people
living in extreme poverty by at least 25 percent, and half it by the year 2015
as envisaged in the Millennium Declaration.
Mongolia stands resolved to fully implement the Millennium
Declaration goals. Domestic resources to meet these goals are limited,
especially in light of growing concerns for world economic downturn exacerbated
by the terrorist attacks of 11 September. However, we have no doubt that the
continued support and assistance of the international community - both our
bilateral and multilateral development partners - will remain crucial in our
efforts to achieve the Millennium Declaration goals. Furthermore, Mongolia hopes
that the upcoming International Conference on Financing for Development and the
World Summit on Sustainable Development will provide fresh impetus to the
attainment of these goals.
has taken first steps to implement the goals of the Millennium Declaration. It
believes that with political will, resources, correct strategy and cooperation,
the noble goals of the Declaration are attainable. The spirit of partnership and
shared responsibility that has shaped the Millennium Declaration are also
essential to translate the vision into reality. To this end Mongolia is prepared
to closely cooperate with the UN family organizations, its fellow members and
international financial and economic institutions.