Statement by Mr. john D. Holum,
United States Under Secretary of
State for Arms Control and International Security,
on behalf of France, the People's Republic of China,
the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the
United States of America, in the United Nations
First Committee General Debate,

October 5, 2000, New York, N.Y.
 

Security Assurances for Mongolia



Mr. Chairman,

I am taking this floor on behalf of France, the People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America.

 It gives me pleasure to announce that our five countries have reached agreement on the text of a Statement concerning security assurances for Mongolia as regards nuclear weapons. With your permission, I would now like to read out the text of this Statement in order to place it on the official record of this Committee.

May I quote:

Statement on Security Assurances in Connection With Mongolia's Nuclear-Weapon-free Status

France, the People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America,

Welcoming the declaration by Mongolia of its nuclear-weapon-free status,

Taking into account Mongolia's status as a non-nuclear-weapon state party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, as well as its unique geographic status,

Welcoming Mongolia's policies of developing peaceful, friendly and mutually beneficial relations with the States of the region and other States,

Confirm the following:

1. France, the People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America reaffirm their commitment to Mongolia to cooperate in the implementation of UN General Assembly resolution 55/77D of December 4, 1998 with respect to Mongolia's Nuclear-Weapon-Free Status, in accordance, with the principles of the Charter of the United Nations.

2. France, the People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America reaffirm their commitment to seek immediate United Nations Security Council action to provide assistance to Mongolia, as a non-nuclear-weapon state party to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, in accordance with the provisions of UN Security Council resolution 984 of April 11, 1995, if Mongolia should become a victim of an act of aggression or an object of a threat of aggression in which nuclear weapons are used.

3. France, the People's Republic of China, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America reaffirm, in the case of Mongolia, their respective unilateral negative security assurances as stated in their declarations issued on 5 and 6 April 1995 and referred to in UN Security Council resolution 984 of April 11, 1995.

4. The People's Republic of China and the Russian Federation recall and confirm the legally-binding commitments undertaken by them with respect to Mongolia through the conclusion of bilateral treaties with Mongolia regarding these matters.

End of text.

Mr. Chairman, this Statement was prepared by our five countries on the basis of Mongolia's status as a non-nuclear state party in standing as regards the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. We believe that the unique geographic status of Mongolia made it appropriate for our five countries to provide security assurances in this way since Mongolia is unable to obtain the security assurances that are normally provided by protocols to nuclear-weapon-free zone treaties.

Having joined consensus on UN General Assembly Resolution 53/77D concerning Mongolia's International Security and Nuclear-Weapon-Free Status, the five nuclear-weapon states were pleased to work out an arrangement to provide these security assurances. It is our belief that the Statement I just read into the record fully meets this need. We also believe that our actions further strengthen the NPT by demonstrating our flexibility in responding to the security concerns of NPT non-nuclear-weapon states. In this regard, the nuclear-weapon states note that Mongolia's situation does not pertain to any other state.

The Statement is not eligible for registration under Article 102 of the UN Charter. We wish to state clearly for the record, however, that the five nuclear-weapon states stand fully behind the assurances provided in the Statement.

With the issuance of this Statement, our five countries believe that we have fully carried out the commitment to Mongolia that we undertook as nuclear-weapon states, consistent with the terms of UNGA Resolution 53/77D.

Mr. Chairman, our five countries plan to ask the President of UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council to circulate this Statement as an official document of their respective bodies. In addition, we will arrange for the Statement to be circulated as an official document of the Conference on Disarmament.