Statement by Mrs. Ts. NYMSUREN on
Agenda ITEM 110(a) Human rights questions: "Implementation of human rights instruments"
New York, 30 October, 1998
The celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and as well as the fifth anniversary of the adoption of the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action are an events of special significance. They are connected with the tremendous changes that have taken place over the last half a century in the concept and practice of ensuring human rights. Thanks to the Declaration new, unprecedented high standards have been set for protecting human dignity. Since the adoption of the Declaration in 1948, those standards have been strengthened and broadened by numerous treaties and conventions and have become truly universal.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child is an illustration thereof. So is the Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women.
My delegation welcomes the progress achieved by the Member States
in increasing the number of ratifications of human rights treaties
and conventions after the Vienna World Conference on Human Rights.
A legal basis of protection and promotion of international standard of human rights was laid down in Mongolia by its Constitution of 1992. It has been further developed in relevant legislation and the established administrative and legal machinery and guarantees. They include, first of all, an overwhelming majority of UN treaties and conventions on human rights and humanitarian issues that Mongolia joined.
The establishment of the National Human Rights Commission in Mongolia is under consideration. A relevant draft law has been submitted to the Parliament for its adoption.
A National Commission headed by the Minister for Justice was set
up to coordinate activities related to the nation-wide celebration of the
50th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
Since 1961, after joining the United Nations, Mongolia has acceded to over twenty UN treaties and conventions on human rights and humanitarian issues and is implementing their provisions in the national context. All these adequately demonstrated Mongolia’s determination to promote and protect human rights.
Last year the Parliament of Mongolia has ratified the amendments to article 43 of Convention on the Rights of the Child and as well as to article 20, paragraph 1 of the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women.
This year the Government of Mongolia has already submitted
its national reports to the committees on the Elimination of Discrimination
against Women, on Human Rights and on the Elimination of
Mongolia was among the first to sign the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the initial report of Mongolia on the implementation of the Convention has been successfully considered by the Committee on the Rights of the Child in 1996.
Since 1990 Mongolia is pursuing democratic reforms and renovations in the political and economic spheres. Mongolia today is a country with parliamentary system of government. The President and the Parliament are elected directly by the people.
While having these positive results in the political fields, like in most of developing countries, the economy is weak, social development pressures and problems are very enormous. During this transition period the living standard of a sizable portion of the population has fallen, while poverty and unemployment have increased. Especially the vulnerable groups of the society, i.e. children, women, disabilities are suffering most. Judging from the data collected by the law-enforcement agencies, violence rate against women and domestic violence are growing. Heavy consumption of alcohol and worsening poverty are identified as one of the major causes of increase in crime.
Also the prison facilities are very poor, as a result disease and malnutrition are the major causes for concern in prisons.
In order to overcome all these and other difficulties, the Government
is mobilizing all the internal resources and possibilities, implementing
different programmes and projects. For these reasons in foreseeable future
external assistance and support would also remain important.
Last year in this very Committee, Mme. Mary Robinson, UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, mentioned in her statement that her Office’s work of human rights promotion and protection has taken them away from Geneva to the field. My delegation is happy to note that the above mentioned is also true with respect to Mongolia. For example, in 1995 the Office of Human Rights was established in Mongolia.
In 1996, a Memorandum of Intent was signed between the Government of Mongolia and the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). This provided for the continuation of the programme until March 1997 including administration of justice and institution building, information and education and strengthening of civil society.
This year the Government of Mongolia and the OHCHR
have signed a project document titled ”Programme for
strengthening national infrastructure for the promotion and protection
of human rights in Mongolia”.
This project is intended to strengthen awareness of human rights norms and guarantees among the civil society in Mongolia. The project is designed to assist in establishing an independent National Human Rights Commission to foster promotion and protection of human rights. The project component of prison reform is aimed at bringing the existing legislation into conformity with relevant international standards and train prison staff accordingly.
As mentioned in the Report of the UN High Commissioner for Human
Rights (A/53/36), indeed, the human rights issues are increasingly
integrated in the work of the United Nations system. My delegation
welcomes the work of UN Executive Committees, Departments and Programmes
and Specialized Agencies in particular the UNDP, UNICEF,
UNFPA, and WHO all include human rights in their work through
regular coordination with OHCHR and through the signature of memorandums
of understanding. All these activities give effect to what
the Secretary-General has repeatedly stressed, i.e., promoting
human rights not as separate from the Organization’s other activities,
but as a common thread running through all of them.
Thank you, Mr. Chairman.