STATEMENT BY AMBASSADOR J.ENKHSAIKHAN IN THE
PLENARY ON AGENDA ITEM 33 entitled
"Support by the United Nations system of the efforts of Governments to promote and Consolidate new or restored Democracies"
New York, 23 November, 1998
My delegation welcomes the Secretary-General’s report on item, "Support by the United Nations Systems of the Efforts of Governments to Promote and Consolidate New or Restored Democracies" as contained in document A/53/554. We also welcome the outcome of the Ministerial meeting of participant countries of the Third International Conference of New or Restored Democracies, held on 22 September, at the United Nations.
As we all are aware, the meeting provided the opportunity for assessing the progress achieved in the implementation of recommendations of the Third International Conference and endorsed the follow-up mechanisms. As mentioned in the Secretary-General’s report, the follow-up mechanism underlines the progress made to improve coordination between representatives of the Governments, the United Nations system and the civil society.
My delegation also appreciates the creation of a Web site on
democratization and governance which is linked to the Web site created
by the UNDP.
With a view to contributing to the development of a plan of
action for the implementation of the recommendations of the Bucharest Conference,
the Government of Mongolia has been constantly taking measures to promote
democracy and democratization and to that end it has
widely disseminated the final document of the Bucharest Conference.
An international symposium on "Education for Democracy" with the support
of UNDP would be held soon. Publication of a book entitled Democracy
in Mongolia reflecting the Mongolia’s experience in major transformation
is underway. Mongolia will also fully implement the project on "Decentralization
and Democracy Support" in cooperation with the UNDP.
The Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action clearly points out that "democracy, development and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms are interdependent and mutually reinforcing. Democracy is based on the freely expressed will of the people to determine their own political, economic, social and cultural systems and their full participation in all aspects of their lives.” It is also stated in the "Agenda for Development" that efforts to promote democracy and good governance are fundamental for consolidation of peace and development.
International experience vividly demonstrates that
without good governance - without the rule of law, predictable administration,
legitimate power, and responsive regulation - no amount of funding, no
short-term economic miracle alone can set the developing world on
the path to prosperity.
Mongolia is continuing to pursue its policy of political and economic reforms. Mongolia’s commitment to the principles of democracy, liberalism and market economy is irreversible, despite the current difficulties of the transition period. Major policy priorities in the future would continue to be further strengthening of democratic institutions, broadening of the basis of political stability, further decentralization, acceleration of privatization in the economic field and fuller social protection of the population, especially its vulnerable groups.
Mongolia’s democracy is still in its maturation stage. Though the Government is fostering an open and participatory democracy, not all groups and individuals are yet able to realize their economic, social and political potential, and not all feel that they are sharing the benefits of an open and democratic society. Indeed, political democratization alone is not sufficient to ensure the participation of the poor and vulnerable in the economy, though it compels the government to take heed of these groups’ concerns. Weak economic and social infrastructures, and low incomes mean that many people in remote rural areas still live in isolation from the mainstream of economic and social developments.
In order to overcome the existing difficulties in a foreseeable
future, external assistance and support would remain important.
Mongolia agrees that democracy is not a model to be copied
or imposed, but rather a goal to be attained, and that the pace at which
democratization can proceed is dependent on a variety of political, economic,
social and cultural factors. In this respect, the Secretary-General has
rightly expressed in his statement that "there is no democratic model.
Every democracy, like each individual, has its own character-depending
on specific political, social and economic circumstances, cultures and
traditions. All democracies, like all human beings, have their own pace
of development. There will be progress, but there will also be setbacks
and periods of stagnation."
In conclusion, my delegation would like to thank the Government
of Benin for its gracious offer to host the Fourth International Conference.
Mongolia fully supports the convening of these international conferences
at regular intervals, seeing in them a valuable fora for exchange
of experience and for cooperation. Once again, I would like to express
Mongolia’s readiness to host one of the forthcoming conferences in Ulaanbaatar.
Finally, Mr. President, as a co-sponsor of the draft resolution A/53/L.38, that was introduced today by the distinguished representative of Romania, my delegation expresses the hope that it would be adopted without a vote, just like in previous years.
Thank You, Mr. President.