STATEMENT BY THE REPRESENTATIVE OF
MONGOLIA ON AGENDA ITEMS 103 AND 104:
"ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN" AND "IMPLEMENTATION OF THE OUTCOME OF THE
FOURTH WORLD CONFERENCE ON WOMEN"
/Third Committee of the 53rd UNGA
New York, 15 October 1998/
At the outset, let me extend my delegations sincere congratulations to your assumption of the Chairmanship of the Third Committee. Our felicitations also go to the other members of the Bureau.
At the outset I would like also express my delegations gratitude to Mr. Alessandro Busacca for his able guidance of the work of the Third Committee during the 52nd session. My delegation wishes to thank also Ms. Angela King, Ms. Noeleen Heyzer, and Ms. Salma Khan for their very useful introductory statements.
As indicated in the Secretary-Generalís report (A/53/308), indeed the advancement of women, the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action adopted by the Fourth World Conference on Women and gender mainstreaming were prominent themes at the sessions of ECOSOC this year.
My delegation welcomes the results of the Special session of ECOSOC, which was devoted to the integrated and coordinated implementation and follow-ups of major UN Conferences and Summits.
My delegation also wishes to underline the important work done by the United Nations and the organizations of its systems in implementation of the decisions of the Beijing Conference.
Like many other countries, following the recommendations of the Fourth World Conference on Women the Government of Mongolia has adopted and is implementing the National Programme of Action for the Advancement of Women (NPAAW).
The Programme identifies 10 critical areas of concern, including women and economic development, the status of rural women, violence against women and human rights etc.
The time bound target is the year 2000. The Programme also targets the population under poverty to less that 10 per cent, including women by 50 per cent.
The National Plan of Action is implemented through reflection of the programme objectives in laws, regulations, policies, decisions , projects, as well as planning and executing specific activities. For example, the objectives of the "Women and Reproductive Health" have been reflected in greater detail in the Population Policy of Mongolia and the National Programme on Reproductive Health and Health of Girls and Adolescence.
The Government takes measures to involve women nation-widely in the project activities and training by focusing upon the creation jobs and income generation, which are being administrated in co-operation with the Asian Development Bank, the UNDP, UNFPA, EU TACIS, ILO and UNESCO.
Proposals and initiatives of NGOs on creating jobs for women receive wide support. The representatives of the Liberal Womenís Brain Pool and the Mongolian Womenís Federation have set-up the Coordination Committee and are implementing a project known as "Income Generation ".
In support of the initiative of the Mongolian Womenís Federation, the Minister of Health and Social Welfare and the Chairman of the National Council for Womenís Issues passed last year decisions to conduct each year a nation-wide monthly campaigns on protection of womenís health, support to family well-being, population and human development and prevention from HIV/AIDS and STD.
On the initiative of the Mongolian Liberal Womenís Brain Pool, one of the most active NGO organizations, the 3rd East Asian Womenís Forum was successfully held recently in Ulaanbaatar.
My delegation would like also to note that INSTRAW is planning to conduct national training seminar next March in collaboration with the Government of Mongolia on "sex-disaggregated data and the use of statistics and indicators on gender issues in policy design".
Ensuring equal rights of men and women within the framework of social, economical, political, cultural and family relations has always been one of the fundamental principles of the State policy.
As stated in the Constitution of Mongolia, "the State shall be responsible to the citizens for prevention of violation of human rights and freedoms, and restoration of infringed rights". According to the criminal Code of Mongolia, forcing young girls into marriage, forcing women to have abortion, involving women and girls in prostitution, are considered as crimes and liable to imprisonment.
Judging from data collected by law-enforcement agencies, violence rate against women and domestic violence have been rapidly growing. Heavy consumption of alcohol and worsening poverty are identified as one of the major causes of crime. Women NGOs, the police, the judiciary, other law enforcement officers closely collaborate in providing medical and moral support, legal advise etc.
Like many other countries, in their transition period, Mongolia is facing different challenges in the social field. Especially the vulnerable groups of the society, children and women are suffering most. In order to overcome all these difficulties, the Government mobilizes all internal resources and possibilities, implements various programmes and projects. In the foreseeable future external assistance and support would also remain important. We are most grateful to the donor countries, international financial institutions as well as the United Nations organizations for their active support to Mongolia.
In conclusion, my delegation would like to inform this Committee that the Government of Mongolia has already submitted its third periodic report to the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women.
As mentioned in the Secretary Generalís report (A/53/318) entitled "Status of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women", Mongolia is one of the 22 States Parties that has deposited with the Secretary-General instrument of its acceptance of the amendment to article 20, paragraph 1 of the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women. My delegation would like to appeal to other States parties to do likewise for the common cause.