Excerpts from the Statement by
Ambassador J. Enkhsaikhan in introducing draft resolution
"Mongolia's international security and nuclear- weapon-free status
( A/C.1/53/L.10/Rev.1 )
In the General Debate of the First committee
/53rd Session of UNGA, New York, October 29, 1998/
I have the honor to introduce draft resolution entitled "Mongolia's international security and nuclear-weapon-free status", contained in document A/C.1/53/L.10/Rev.1. Since my delegation has spoken on a related issue a few days ago as part of its deliberations in the thematic discussion, I shall be quite brief.
This draft resolution is a product of long, serious consultations and delicate negotiations. The fact that a revision of the document has been issued this morning is an example thereof. The draft addresses Mongolia's declared nuclear-weapon-free policy which enjoys widespread international support, including of the entire non-aligned movement as well as of the nuclear-weapon States. The negotiations have shown that the hitherto accepted and followed formula of creation of nuclear-weapon-free zones does not seem to be, at present, fully applicable when it comes to single States, and especially with respect to a State situated between two nuclear-weapon States. However this did not discourage us, Mongolians, and our negotiating partners.
As a result of the consultations and negotiations mentioned above, we have come to a conclusion that for a small State geo-politically located like Mongolia, its nuclear-weapon-free status would be stronger and durable if its over-all security is internationally recognized and guaranteed. That understanding is the basis of the concept of the draft resolution and, in fact, of the very approach to this question. My delegation believes that given such an understanding, and with necessary political will, we can arrive quite soon at a concrete, special arrangement that could accommodate both the particular needs and interests of Mongolia, including strengthening of its nuclear-weapon-free status, as well as the legitimate interests of its neighbors and of stability in the region in general.
In its preambular part, the resolution would take note of the support that Mongolia's initiative already enjoys and that nuclear-weapon-free status is one of the means of ensuring the national security of States.
In its operative part, the resolution would welcome declaration by Mongolia of its nuclear-weapon-free status. It would also endorse and support Mongolia's good-neighborly and balanced relationship with its neighbors as an important element of strengthening regional peace, security and stability.
Operative para.3 is, so to speak, the soul of the resolution. It proceeds from the notion that nuclear-weapon-free status is part of Mongolia's over-all security and that therefore consolidation and strengthening of Mongolia's international security is a sine qua non for ensuring its nuclear-weapon-free status. Therefore operative para.3 would invite all States concerned to cooperate with Mongolia in this respect.
Since the appropriate arrangements to consolidate and strengthen Mongolia's international security and nuclear-weapon-free status are yet to be defined, the resolution would ask the Secretary-General of the United Nations and relevant United Nations bodies to provide the necessary assistance to Mongolia and report thereon at the fifty-fifth session of the General Assembly. By its operative para. 7 the General Assembly would include the question in its provisional agenda of the fifty-fifth session.
My delegation expresses the hope that the draft resolution would be adopted by consensus, which would reflect the spirit of negotiations.