Statement by H.E. Mr. Mendsaikhany ENKHSAIKHAN
Prime Minister of Mongolia at the general debate of the
51st session of the General Assembly of the United Nations
New York, 1 October 1996
Ladies and Gentlemen,
At the outset, I wish to extend my sincere congratulations to His Excellency Mr.Razali Ismail of Malaysia on his unanimous election to the high post of the Presidency of this Session of the General Assembly. I wish to express also my appreciation to His Excellency Dr. Freitas do Amaral for his excellent stewardship of the historic 50th session of the General Assembly.
The current session is being held at a time when the contours of a new international system are still being shaped. The twentieth century stands witness to the generation of enormous wealth. However, its distribution remains uneven among regions, individual States and among the groups within States. Scientific and technological breakthroughs brought along with tremendous strides in the advancement of the human society potentially disruptive threats to its survival. The trends towards globalization and integration are accompanied with the forces of fragmentation and marginalization. The winds of sweeping democratic changes have come to embrace a greater part of the family of nations. By and large, the world today finds itself at a momentous time full of both opportunities and challenges.
Today, no country can afford staying aloof from the ongoing tremendous transformations. In Mongolia, for one, this year has ushered in a new era in its history. As a result of general elections held last summer, the State power has been peacefully transferred to the democratic political forces for the first time in 75 years. It signifies the logical culmination of the 1990 democratic revolution, thereby laying a solid foundation for stable democratic development. It is also a result of simultaneous political and economic reforms pursued.
The reform process is complex, time-consuming and challenging. Mongolia is not alone in facing the challenges of laying the foundations of an open, democratic, just and humane society and creating conditions for accelerated social and economic development. Like many other developing countries undergoing fundamental changes, Mongolia is faced with a host of problems: low level of development, poverty, unemployment, external debt burden, underdeveloped structure of national economy vulnerable to fluctuations of the world market. Despite these hardships the Government of Mongolia is determined to undertake decisive measures to speed up the reform process.
The Government of Mongolia, while preserving the continuity of its multi-pillared foreign policy, is resolved to pursue an active, balanced foreign policy based on national interests. Mongolia will continue to strongly support the multi-faceted activities of the United Nations as one of the main pillars of its foreign policy.
A few days ago the international community has witnessed a landmark event aimed at attaining the goal of a nuclear-weapon-free world - the adoption by the General Assembly of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty. This motning I had the privilege of signing it on behalf of Mongolia. It is of paramount importance, in our view, that all the declared nuclear powers and threshold States accede to the Treaty so that the many years of hard work would yield tangible results. With a view to contributing to an effective implementation of this important Treaty, Mongolia will actively participate in its International Monitoring System.
We believe that creation of more nuclear-weapon-free zones in different regions of the world will contribute to the strengthening of regional and international peace and security. Therefore, we commend and support declaration of Africa and South-East-Asia as nuclear-weapon- free zones. In 1992 Mongolia declared its territory a nuclear-weapon-free zone, and I am pleased to emphasize that the nuclear weapon States as well as other countries have welcomed and supported our initiative. Mongolia intends to formalize and upgrade the status of the zone to the international level. In broader context, it is essential to provide assurances to non-nuclear-weapon States against the use or threat to use nuclear weapons in the form of an international instrument.
The advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice on the illegality of use or threat to use nuclear weapons as well as the important recommendations contained in the Report of the Canberra Commission could serve as a sound basis in further negotiations on non-proliferation and nuclear disarmament.
While expressing Mongolia’s satisfaction with the Chemical Weapons Convention coming soon into force, I would like to stress the importance of its ratification by States with substantial arsenals of chemical weapons so as to enable the Convention to be more effective in eliminating this type of weapon of mass destruction .
Turning to regional issues, I would like to especially underline our deep concern over the uncertain situations in the Balkans and on the Korean Peninsula. The recent events in the Middle East are fraught with adversely affecting the peace process underway. We believe that the parties concerned should exercise utmost restraint and resolve the problems by political negotiation, as envisaged in the Madrid and Oslo agreements.
Peaceful advancement of the human family and its safe livelihood can no longer be sustained in a world impregnated by abject poverty, external debt burden, growing technological and economic gap between the rich and the poor, wide-spread hunger and malnutrition, increasing violence and discrimination, crimes and drug use. It would be probably axiomatic to say that no one can ensure its own security at the expense of others. However, mere recognition of this fact can hardly help solve the problem. There must be a real determination and political will coupled with a collective action to face the challenges ahead.
The recent international conferences on children, the environment, human rights, population, social development and human settlements, organized under the auspices of the United Nations, have forged a clear vision and a forward-looking strategy for our common and concerted action toward the betterment of human condition. Mongolia holds the view that this new framework for international development cooperation should find its due reflection in the Agenda for Development which would ensure their integrated and comprehensive implementation and follow-up. Vital, in this regard, is a coherent coordination of the policies and activities of the various entities of the United Nations system and those of the Bretton Woods institutions at the global and national levels.
The implementation of the decisions of the above conferences requires a genuine political commitment on the part of the international community and its individual members to substantially increase the resources for sustainable human development. We believe that mobilization of added financial resources can be made possible by reducing global military spending and capturing the resultant peace dividend for human priority needs. Our common, shared future calls for the donor countries, that have not yet done so, to honour their long-standing commitment to the 0.7 per cent target.
We welcome and support the World Trade Organization as a multilateral forum to define the international trade policy aimed at coordinating and promoting interests of countries with different level of development. Mongolia will shortly join this Organization, which allows her greater involvement in the world trade and economic integration. Likewise, Mongolia will actively endeavour to secure its proper place in the Asia-Pacific integration, the region characterized by high economic development and overall political stability.
Handicapped by their geographical location, the land-locked developing countries face particular difficulties in their development efforts. Their disadvantaged position entails the risk of further isolating and marginalizing these countries from the globalization process. In this connection, I wish to emphasize the practical importance of implementing the Global Framework for transit transport cooperation between the land-locked, the transit developing countries and the donor community endorsed by the General Assembly at its last session.
South-South cooperation has become a potential instrument of accelerating effective integration of developing countries into the global economy. I believe that the Conference on Finance, Trade and Investment to be held in Costa Rica next January will help to further enhance South-South cooperation by identifying its future priorities.
With the acceleration of scientific and technological progress, the question of protecting the environment from mercantile human activities is acquiring an ever increasing importance. Effective international cooperation aimed at offsetting adverse effects of industrialization on countries, especially in environmentally sensitive regions, preserving their unique nature and eco-balance, shielding them from natural disasters and mitigating the inflicted damages is in the order of the day. Furthermore, this requires an allocation of additional resources and their effective utilization. Elaboration of the national strategy for sustainable development in line with the Earth Declaration and the Agenda 21, is well underway in my country. Mongolia attaches particular importance to the special session of the General Assembly scheduled for 1997 to review the implementation of the Agenda 21. In preparation for that session a study could be made on the rootcauses of the considerable increase in natural disasters over the recent years, as noted in the Report of the Secretary-General on the work of the Organization (A/51/1).
Today, it is vital to foster respect for and compliance with the norms of the international law. In this regard, Mongolia welcomes the establishment of the International Seabed Authority and supports the creation of an International Criminal Court. We believe that the international community should elaborate the guiding principles of conducting international negotiations - the main instrument of bilateral and international diplomacy.
Mongolia fully shares the view that the United Nations should be restructured, its activities modified and democratized, its effectiveness and efficiency improved along the lines of the objectives set forth in the Declaration on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the United Nations. I hope that the ongoing deliberations in the high-level working groups of the General Assembly will result in the adoption of specific action-oriented recommendations, that would make the United Nations better equipped, financed and structured to serve the ideals enshrined in the Charter.
The Security Council reform, through the introduction of greater transparency into its activities and democratization of its working methods, should be intensified. The expansion of its composition has to ensure a fair and equitable representation of various regions and groups of States as well as its increased effectiveness and efficiency.
It goes without saying that in the final analysis the world Organization can be as good as its Member States allow it to be.
Less than 4 years separate us from the next millennium. Time has come for resolute action.
Time has come to collectively undertake radical change. Time has come to fulfill the dreams
of our forefathers to build a better future for our children.