should like to thank you on behalf on the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM),
for convening this open debate on a question that is very
important to all Member States of the United Nations and the
international community at large. The
position of NAM on the question of the acquisition of weapons of mass
destruction (WMD) and their means of delivery by non-state actors, in
particular terrorists, is encapsulated in paragraph 100 of the Final
Document of the XIII Conference of Heads of State or Government of NAM
held in Kuala Lumpur in February 2003.
The paragraph reads as follows:
Heads of State or Government expressed their satisfaction with the
consensus among states on measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring
WMD. They welcomed the
adoption by consensus of the General Assembly Resolution 57/83 entitled
“Measures to prevent terrorists from acquiring WMD” and underlined
the need for this threat to humanity to be addressed within the United
Nations framework and through international law.
While stressing that the most effective way of preventing
terrorists from acquiring WMD is through the total elimination of such
weapons, they emphasized that progress was urgently needed in the area
of disarmament and non-proliferation in order to help maintain
international peace and security and to contribute to global efforts
against terrorism. They
called upon all member states to support international efforts to
prevent terrorists from acquiring WMD and their means of delivery. They also urged all member states to take and strengthen
national measures as appropriate, to prevent terrorists from acquiring
WMD, their means of delivery and materials and technologies related to
It is clear from this statement that the NAM Member Countries
welcome international efforts to prevent terrorists and other non-state
actors from acquiring WMD and their means of delivery.
The draft resolution presently under discussion in the Council is
one of those efforts. While
we do not dispute its intent, we still have questions, doubts and our
own views and comments regarding its content.
I should like to convey the sincere appreciation of NAM to the
sponsors of the draft resolution for their initiative as well as their
preparedness to engage the larger membership of the United Nations in
consultations on this very important question and not just confining
discussion to only among members of the Security Council.
We found the informal consultations between the NAM members and
the co-sponsors held on 6 April 2004 to be a very useful effort.
We would welcome further consultations on this issue before the
Council takes a decision on it.
We would also welcome consultations between Council members and
NAM on other issues of global concern and interest in future in the
spirit of promoting dialogue, transparency and accountability in the
work of the Security Council.
The Non-Aligned Movement sincerely hopes that the sponsors and
Council members would continue to take into consideration the views and
concerns expressed by NAM member countries.
We believe that it is important to ensure that the final product
is realistic, generally acceptable and implementable.
After all, in this regard governments, national legislatures and
for that matter the private sector in all member countries are expected
to cooperate and take appropriate measures, including the enactment of
new legislation and the streamlining or amending of existing ones where
Council must give ample time and opportunity for governments to
cooperate fully in ensuring the implementation of the resolution.
While fully recognizing the importance and urgency of dealing
with the issue of the threat of use of WMD by non-state actors, NAM also
feels that the manner in which the international community responds to
this threat should be equally important.
Therefore, we would counsel the need for further consultations
and request that the Security Council not rush into making a decision.
I now wish to highlight specific points, as follows:-
firmly believes that non-proliferation should be addressed together with
disarmament and the continued possession of any type of WMD which is in
fact a threat to international peace and security.
This should be adequately reflected in the draft resolution, not
only in the preambular section but also in other parts to provide the
necessary balance. There
could also be references to the establishment of a WMD-free zone in the
Middle East in line with relevant resolutions already adopted by the
NAM hopes that the definitions of terms could be made clearer, such as,
but not exclusively confined to, “means of delivery” and “related
materials”. There may be
other important terms identified as appropriate that require defining.
A clearer definition of terms could help avoid unnecessary
difficulty for Member States to implement the provisions of the
resolution once it is adopted.
lack of clarity and vague definitions could result in time-consuming and
painstaking interpretation at the national level, especially when
legislation and national action are required.
the text of the resolution should conform to Article 25 of the Charter
of the United Nations. While
NAM agrees that preventing non-state actors from acquiring WMD is an
issue of paramount importance and is in accordance with efforts to
address threats to international peace and security, NAM believes that
this objective can still be achieved without resort to Chapter VII of
in view of the importance of all provisions stipulated in the draft
resolution, the proposed follow-up mechanism to monitor the
implementation of the resolution should be provided with a
clearly-defined mandate and terms of reference, including its
we are of the view that the substance of the resolution, once adopted by
the Council, should form a useful basis for Member States of the United
Nations to consider formulating in due course a comprehensive
multilaterally-negotiated legal instrument to address the specific
question of preventing the acquisition of WMD by non-state actors in all
The Non-Aligned Movement is convinced that the draft resolution
as intended, could help to fill the lacunae currently existing in
international non-proliferation regimes concerning the actions of
non-state actors relating to WMD. We
urge the Security Council to take into consideration our concerns in
view of the far-reaching and wide-ranging implications of the decision
which the Council proposes to take.
you, Mr. President.