Ambassador Raymond Wolfe
Permanent Representative of Jamaica to the United Nations
on behalf of CARICOM to the
Informal Plenary of the General Assembly on the Intergovernmental Negotiations
on the Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of
the Security Council and other Related Matters
Wednesday 2nd September 2009
It is my privilege to speak on behalf of the 14 Member States of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM). We again welcome this opportunity to participate in this informal plenary of the General Assembly in the second exchange of the third round, specifically relating to an expansion in both current categories of the Security Council. We express our sincere appreciation to you for your letter dated July 16th 2009. We are also grateful for your valuable efforts in guiding our deliberations so far.
At the outset, Mr. Chairman, CARICOM continues to reiterate our call for a compilation document containing the proposals and positions of all Member States as the basis for conducting open, inclusive and transparent negotiations, in a very focused, constructive and orderly manner. We believe that this is the best way to advance this intergovernmental process, if we are to avoid the perpetual cycle of repeated positions and proposals of Member States which are already well-known among us and which will only serve to dampen enthusiasm and put the brakes on the momentum generated over the past few Sessions.
At this stage of the process we should also be able to receive the Chair’s summary of the perspectives and stated preferences expressed by Member States in relation to the level of support has so far been extended for the various proposals and variants thereof which have been advanced for the reform of the Security Council under the five (5) clusters.
As we turn our focus to this key issue of expansion in both categories CARICOM continues steadfastly to be guided by the following:
a) The decision by our Heads, as contained in the 2005 World Summit Outcome Document in support of early reform of the Security Council in order to make it more broadly representative, efficient and transparent and thus to further enhance its effectiveness and the legitimacy and implementation of its decisions;
b) The important need to address the overarching issue of the democratic and representative deficit from which the Security Council suffers.
Today, as we did in March of this year during our initial exchanges, we have before us, for consideration a variety of competing options which require careful consideration, viz;
a) New permanent and new non-permanent members,
b) New non-permanent members only, and
c) New extended term members until Review (10 – 15 years) or a defined term between 2 and 15 years with possibility for immediate re-election and new non-permanent members.
CARICOM remains particularly disturbed at the latter two proposed options, and their variations, as these will most likely result in the balkanization of the non-permanent category. In particular, we are concerned that access to any extended term seats that would become available under this option, will most likely be dominated by larger more economically advantage States, while access for Smaller States and less economically advantaged States, such as those within CARICOM, will in all reality be confined to the usual two year term seats.
There is also the obvious question as to what criteria would be used to determine the eligibility of Member States for renewable extended terms.
Fundamentally, CARICOM does not believe that expansion only in the non-permanent category would effectively address the need for compressive reform of the Security Council in any meaningful manner.
We continue to therefore strongly support the position that expansion in the permanent and non-permanent category would be a far more democratic and inclusive manner to address the question of equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council, in keeping with contemporary realities.
In the statements made to date by the majority of States, and as you yourself noted in your letter dated 16th July, “the third round should revolve around what has commanded the most support from delegations speaking up during the meetings so far, namely the model with an expansion in both current categories including its different varieties, and on the other hand around what needs to be further explored, namely the intermediate model including its different its different varieties”. It is already clear that a vast majority of delegations support expansion in both categories, and therefore it is not necessary to delay the process by seeking further clarification on the intermediate model.
It is also important to note that in statements made by permanent members of the Security Council, who would normally be considered most resistant to the idea of change, there has been general acceptance of the need for expansion in the permanent category, as a means of making the Council more inclusive and representative. The Permanent 5 should therefore be held to these commitments.
Finally, Mr. Chairman, CARICOM would wish to emphasize that a reformed Security Council should provide for greater access and the effective participation of Small Island developing States, including CARICOM. Any proposal which seeks to exclude or marginalize us, will not, under any circumstances, gain our support.
I thank you, Mr. Chairman.