Statement by H.E. Ambassador Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti

Permanent Representative of Brazil to the United Nations

Security Council 
Letter dated 6 February 2011 from the Permanent Representative of Cambodia

New York, 14th February 2011

I am grateful to Mr. Pascoe for his very useful briefing. 

I am pleased to welcome Mister Marty Natalegawa to the Council.

I am grateful for the information he has provided us and appreciate his good offices as Chair of ASEAN.

I wish to join previous delegations in thanking Deputy Prime-Minister Hor Namhong, of Cambodia, and Minister Kasit Piromya, of Thailand, for their presence and their statements.

Brazil followed, with concern, the recent armed clashes between Thailand and Cambodia, close to the temple of Preah Vihear. 

We deeply regret the loss of lives and the impact the clashes had on civilians. We are encouraged by the signs that the ceasefire is being respected.

By convening this meeting, the Council aims at supporting a peaceful resolution of the matter.

It also aims at conveying support for the good offices at regional level.

Brazil is convinced that only dialogue and negotiation can lead to a sustainable solution to the dispute.

We are confident that both countries will heed the Council's call and refrain from any action that can lead to a resumption of violence. It is also important that the military presence on the border be reduced and that bilateral mechanisms of communication and negotiation be enhanced, with the support of regional facilitation and mediation. 

We encourage the two governments to maintain communications at a high political level. We call on officials from both sides, mindful of their responsibilities as leaders of peace-loving countries, to seek a peaceful resolution of the dispute, on the basis of international law. 

Brazil supports the good offices Minister Natalegawa has undertaken as Chair of ASEAN. We encourage him to continue to facilitate the political dialogue between the parties. 

Such efforts have had a positive impact on the situation, by fostering understanding and promoting restraint. It is our view that the parties should resort to this facilitation whenever necessary. We welcome the meeting of ASEAN Foreign Ministers to be held on 22 February. 

We are convinced that enhanced dialogue between the parties, with the support of regional mediation, will pave the way for reconciliation and a peaceful settlement of current differences.

Thank you