by H.E. Ambassador Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti
Representative of Brazil to the United Nations
Security Council - The question concernig Haiti -
I thank Under-Secretary-Generals Alain Le Roy and Valerie Amos for their comprehensive briefings.
One year after the earthquake and its devastating toll, compounded by the tragic loss of lives to the cholera epidemic, the situation in Haiti remains extremely difficult.
We are following closely the latest developments in Haiti, in particular those related to the political process and the humanitarian situation.
The current political crisis demands a solution that is both legally sound and politically viable, the ultimate goal being the consolidation of democracy, stability and institutions in Haiti. To this end, it is crucial that the electoral process be allowed to run its course in a transparent and effective manner, with full respect for the pertinent legislation.
As importantly, it is up for Haiti itself and its leaders to ensure that the will of the people in the polls is fully respected. It is also incumbent on them to help maintain calm, including by refraining from all acts of provocation or violence, regardless of political developments. It is the collective responsibility of all Haitian political actors to preserve the stability achieved in recent years.
The international community has supported Haiti in all these areas and, Brazil believes, is ready to continue to do so. In this regard, we commend MINUSTAH, the OAS and bilateral and multilateral partners for their invaluable contribution, especially in the current stage of the electoral process.
The OAS has been particularly active in its efforts to assist the electoral process and the Haitians with the verification process. We are confident that the report prepared by its Verification Mission, which has now been officially submitted to the Provisional Electoral Council, will prove useful in its deliberations regarding the future of the electoral process.
The role of MINUSTAH will also remain critical. We commend the Missionís support for the electoral process and its continued engagement with the authorities, particularly the PNH, to ensure a stable environment in the difficult circumstances that followed the announcement of preliminary results of the first round. We are confident that the Mission will continue to play its part.
Electing a new president and installing a new Parliament are important not only for democracy in Haiti, but also for the reconstruction of the country.
Recovery is under way and we commend partners, donors and the Interim Haitian Recovery Commission for their commitment to achieving concrete results sooner rather than later. More is needed, however. Disbursements continue to be insufficient and adequate funding for critical activities, such as cash-for-work programmes, is lacking. Partners will have to step up their support if we are to achieve the Commissionís strategic targets in key areas in 2011.
Humanitarian assistance also remains a priority while efforts continue to effectively address the political crisis. Regarding the cholera epidemic, Brazil has contributed 2 million US dollars to the Pan American Health Organization to enable the procurement of medical supplies and equipment. We have also shipped nearly 2.5 tons of medical and non-medical supplies; and have sent medical teams to help provide treatment to people affected by cholera and training to local staff. We welcome the Secretary-Generalís decision to set up an independent panel of experts to look into the cholera outbreak in Haiti. Transparency, in all contexts, is key to the ability of the UN to address security and humanitarian concerns.
We are pleased to note the significant decrease in the population living in camps. This is a positive fact, but one that renders cooperation with Haitian authorities even more urgent to overcome existing obstacles to the safe and dignified return of internally displaced persons. It is crucial that the needs of the displaced and the returnees concerning food, water, sanitation, housing, protection and health are met.
In all these areas, elections, recovery, security and humanitarian assistance, the importance of national ownership can hardly be overemphasized. Haitiís future prosperity and peace depend on the strengthening of the national State and institutions. In all our collective and individual efforts, this imperative must guide our action.