STATEMENT BY H. E. AMBASSADOR MARIA LUIZA RIBEIRO VIOTTI,
PERMANENT REPRESENTATIVE OF THE FEDERATIVE REPUBLIC OF BRAZIL, 
AT THE DEBATE OF THE SECURITY COUNCIL ON THE 
UNITED NATIONS INTERIM ADMINISTRATION MISSION IN KOSOVO 
(UNMIK)

New York, 16th February 2011



I welcome H.E. Mr. Vuk Jeremic, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia, and thank him for his statement.

I also thank the Special Representative Lamberto Zannier for his briefing and Ms. Vlora «itaku for her remarks.

The stability in the Balkans is a matter of serious concern for Brazil. We see progress and commend efforts that have been made to ensure that the region remains stable and on its way towards further integration and cooperation.

Brazil continues to believe that resolution 1244 offers the adequate framework for a negotiated settlement of the dispute. 

We are confident that a fair and legitimate solution can be reached under the auspices of the Security Council, consistent with its authority and primary responsibility in matters pertaining to international peace and security. 

Brazil supports the invaluable work carried out by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo in implementing its Security Council mandate. 

UNMIK has a key role to play in Kosovo, under the framework of resolution 1244 (1999), particularly in promoting engagement between Pristina and Belgrade and other relevant stakeholders.

I wish to comment on recent political developments on the ground, which may have an impact on efforts towards a final settlement. 

The 12th December elections for the Kosovo Assembly were held in a peaceful atmosphere, as stressed in the report of the Secretary-General. 

We are concerned, however, by the fact that UNMIK did not participate in the preparation for these elections, nor were they called for by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General. 

It is worth recalling that, under resolution 1244, the holding of elections is one of the main responsibilities of the international civil presence in Kosovo. 

Attention needs also to be paid to the remarks made by international observers regarding complaints and allegations of irregularities in the voting. The accusations that the elections in Kosovo failed to meet international standards need to be investigated.

The Secretary Generalís report also highlighted a number of violent incidents affecting members of the international community in Kosovo. 

Although the overall security situation in Kosovo remains relatively calm, attacks targeted specifically against international officers and UN staff cannot be tolerated. 

Brazil shares the Secretary-Generalís concern with the continued misrepresentation of UNMIKís activities in Northern Kosovo and open challenges to its authority. This situation poses a concrete risk to UN personnel and creates difficulties for the fulfillment of UNMIKís mandate.

We also take note of Minister Jeremicís comments regarding the investigation of allegations of inhuman treatment of people and illicit trafficking in human organs in Kosovo. The severity of such allegations cannot be overlooked. A proper and credible investigation must be carried out.

It would be interesting to explore possible options that take into account the need to involve various jurisdictions and the importance of ensuring consistency with resolution 1244.

In conclusion, we are convinced that this Council should continue to keep political developments in Kosovo under close review. 

It is our hope that the European Union-facilitated dialogue between Pristina and Belgrade can take place without further delay.

As envisaged in the General Assembly resolution adopted last September, it is vital that these negotiations bear fruit. 

Dialogue is the best way to resolve outstanding issues and ensure peace, security and stability in the Balkans.