Statement by H.E. Ambassador Regina Maria Cordeiro Dunlop,
Deputy Permanent Representative and
Chargée d’affaires, a.i. of Brazil
to the United Nations
Debate of the Security Council on
“United Nations peacekeeping operations”
New York, 6 August 2010
I thank your delegation for organizing this debate and Under-Secretary-General Alain Le Roy for his briefing. We welcome the presence of Lieutentant General Obiakor among us today. I would also like to thank Major General Paul Cruz; Lieutenant General Babacar Gaye; Lieutenant General Sikander Afzal; Major General Moses Bisong Obi and Major General Robert Mood for their remarks. Taken together, they reflect many of the achievements and evolving challenges of UN peacekeeping today. Our guests, along with all the other Force Commanders and mission leaders, deserve our deep and heartfelt gratitude for the extraordinary job they do in difficult circumstances.
The presence of Force Commanders in the Council today brings to the fore an obvious but fundamental truth: peacekeeping happens on the ground. We must trust our mission leaders and not micromanage them. But we can and should give Missions the strategic guidance and multifaceted support they need. In this regard, today I will focus on where we stand and how we see the way forward in three critical areas: protection of civilians; the interaction between peacekeeping and peacebuilding; and field support.
The past year has seen a wealth of conceptual development and political support for the protection of civilians, in documents such as the OCHA/DPKO independent study, resolution 1894 (2009) and the report of the C-34. The focus now should be on producing concrete results on the ground. This is normally a daunting task, as evidenced by the cases of MONUSCO and UNAMID, but one the Organization must perform to the best of its ability.
In this context, priority should be given to the preparation of a strategic framework to guide mission leaders in setting up comprehensive protection strategies. They are needed to ensure that protection of civilians is not seen as a solely military task but, rather, as a Mission-wide endeavour.
Some of the most successful peacekeeping missions have been those where peacebuilding concerns have been most closely integrated into the mission’s work. Nevertheless, we still need to develop greater clarity on how peacekeepers can best contribute to peacebuilding.
Over the next twelve months, important documents will be released, namely the DPKO’s strategy for early delivery of peacebuilding tasks by peacekeepers; the World Bank’s report on conflict, security, and development; and the review of international civilian capacities. We must use the opportunity to have a detailed discussion on peacebuilding and peacekeeping, just as we did on protection of civilians.
This discussion should be action-oriented and aim at achieving three main goals by August of 2011: 1. a better understanding of the relationship between security and development; 2. a clearer picture of how peacekeeping and peacebuilding have interacted on the ground, both in current missions and in older ones; and 3. a practical agenda for the way forward, identifying the main challenges in the areas of field guidance; inter-actor coordination; and capacity development.
The Global Field Support Strategy received careful consideration and approval from both the C-34 and the Fifth Committee. My delegation applauds the efforts of Under-Secretary-General Susana Malcorra and her team to guarantee that Member States are fully engaged in this process, through retreats, briefings and workshops. This level of interaction must be maintained in the coming months, both with delegations in New York and with contingents and mission leaders. This is key to ensure that all stakeholders fully understand the impact of the proposed changes.
In taking forward the Global Field Support Strategy, the Secretariat should continue to bear in mind that the logistic aspects of peacekeeping missions can directly impact their ability to fulfill their mandates. This, in turn, relates directly to the Council’s effectiveness in addressing threats to international peace and security. For instance, modularization can allow civilian personnel to be safely deployed at an earlier stage with potentially important benefits to our efforts to bring stability to a given region or country. Here, efficiency gains mean a safer world and that is where the Strategy’s ultimate significance lies.
Before concluding, I would like to refer to the seminar titled “A New Horizon for UN Peacekeeping: Perspectives from the South” held in Rio de Janeiro last June. The seminar was a practical contribution to our collective thinking on how best to face the dilemmas of 21st century peacekeeping. Issues such as the linkage between peacekeeping and peacebuilding; the use of force; and relations between Missions and local populations were thoroughly discussed.
One of the key conclusions reached in Rio, the summary of which we will soon circulate to Member States, was that “exit strategies” must be based on effective “staying strategies” – not in the sense of overstaying, but of ensuring that the Mission’s achievements are preserved and built upon. We believe the current efforts in the Organization led by DPKO to improve peacekeeping go precisely in that direction. Brazil will continue to contribute to this endeavour.