Statement by H.E. Ambassador Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti
Permanent Representative of
Brazil to the United Nations
Peace and Security in Africa
New York, 19 May 2010
I welcome H.E. Mr. Ismail Omar Guelleh, President of the Republic of Djibouti, and thank him for his presentation.
I would like to commend Djibouti for its role in the Horn of Africa and for its efforts to promote peace and stability in Somalia.
President Guelleh's sobering remarks about the situation in Somalia deserve careful consideration by this Council, especially at a time of rising divisions within the TFG.
The upcoming Conference in Istanbul on Somalia is an opportunity for a reflection on how best to reinforce our actions and strengthen the assistance to the TFG.
Brazil welcomes Djibouti's attachment to a peaceful solution to the border conflict with Eritrea, its continued restraint on the ground and its full compliance with the Council's presidential statement and two resolutions concerning the issue.
With the African Union, the League of Arab States and the Organization of the Islamic Conference, we call upon the Eritrean Government to recognize the conflict and engage with Djibouti to effectively find a mutually acceptable solution.
Brazil is also concerned with the situation of Djiboutians made prisoners during the 2008 hostilities. We urge Eritrea to provide information on their situation and grant ICRC access to them.
Resolution 1907 (2009), which established sanctions on Eritrea, created an opportunity for a review of the issue within 180 days of its adoption. The date is fast approaching. We encourage Eritrea not to miss this window of opportunity.
The Security Council must take a balanced and consistent approach to peace, stability and territorial integrity throughout the Horn of Africa. Without prejudice to the particular characteristics of each conflict, we should consider the regional dimensions and the interplays among the various situations in the Horn of Africa.
This means that the Council also needs to effectively address the border dispute between Ethiopia and Eritrea. A solution to the problem has been lacking for too long. At stake are long-term peace and security in the region and the credibility of the Council.