H.E. Ambassador Maria Luiza Ribeiro Viotti,
Permanent Representative of Brazil
to the United Nations
Open Debate of the Security Council
on Women and Peace and Security
26 October 2010
I wish to thank the Secretary-General for his address. I would like to extend a special greeting to USG Michelle Bachelet, who joins us today for the first time in her capacity as head of UN-WOMEN. We are delighted at her appointment and pledge our full support to her.
I welcome the contributions of several Ministers and high-level officials. I also recognize the presence of Ms. Margot Wallstrom, SRSG on Sexual Violence in Conflict. I am grateful to Ambassador Hamidon Ali, to USG Alain Le Roy, and to Ms. Thelma Awori for their remarks.
Since its adoption ten years ago, resolution 1325 has sparked a revolution of ideas. It has placed women’s role as agents of peace at the forefront of the multilateral agenda. It has made the case for the appointment of women to positions of decision-making related to peace and security. It has galvanized civil society and transformed the way it interacts with the Council. It has helped us to understand the importance of women in peacekeeping missions and induced many governments to deploy more female troops or police officers, in some cases all-female units.
Yet much remains to be done. Sexual violence continues to be used as a weapon of war and peacekeeping missions still struggle to protect women. Participation and representation of women are still a small fraction of what should be expected. But at least today we have a much better understanding of the challenges we face and the goals we must meet. This is no small achievement that should be celebrated and built upon.
In the discussions of ways to enhance implementation of resolution 1325 (2000), the role of indicators has become a focus of attention. Indicators are an important tool to improve information on the impact of armed conflict on women and on the role they can play in peacebuilding. They will enable a more effective response and improve action in protecting women and involving them in peace processes. Brazil welcomes such an effort and will closely follow the Secretariat’s endeavor to render them operational.
Like much of resolution 1325, most of the indicators apply only to countries in conflict or emerging from it. Nevertheless, some indicators have a much wider applicability, such as the ones pertaining to UN field missions or investigation of allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse by peacekeepers. This gives the set of indicators a truly global character. In this context, we note with appreciation the wide-ranging consultations undertaken by the Secretariat with the regional groups while preparing the indicators.
Valuable as they may be, indicators are not enough. They are but a means to an end. We must work harder on effecting concrete changes through action.
It is important to get Governments concerned more engaged. National action plans are important vehicles in this regard, especially if they also involve a broad range of actors, including civil society. It is also important that action plans be supported by adequate funding.
If women’s concerns and needs in conflict situations are to be properly addressed and if women are to play an equal part in maintaining peace, they must be politically and economically empowered.
Representation at all levels of decision-making and access to economic opportunities are key in this regard. In post-conflict situations, where institutions are rebuilt and gradually consolidated, there is often a window of opportunity to surmount historical gender inequalities. In this context, it is essential that processes of constitutional, political and educational reform, as well as programs aiming at economic revitalization give special attention to the role of women.
Peacekeeping and peacebuilding are important ways by which the United Nations can strengthen the role of women as agents of peace. So much so that empowering women and protecting their rights should not be the exclusive task of gender advisers in peacekeeping operations, but rather a responsibility shared by all Mission components. Mission-wide strategies, encompassing UN country teams and other actors, whenever possible, can develop protection plans, ensure that the voices of women are heard, facilitate women’s participation in peace negotiations, foster women’s leadership and organization, and promote capacity building that will support women’s empowerment. We commend DPKO for the progress made in this regard and welcome the suggestions just offered by USG Alain Le Roy to further strengthen women’s role in peacekeeping.
In my own country, there has been compelling evidence that when women are empowered, they can act successfully to change their lives and the lives of those around them. Under the “Bolsa Família”, a conditional cash transfer program that lifted millions of Brazilians out of poverty, women are the preferred recipients of transfers. As a result, their bargaining power in family relations has increased and their influence has become stronger on issues such as family planning, education of children and use of the family’s income. Although Brazil’s reality differs greatly from those of post-conflict countries, we feel that our experience validates a principle that is essential to the promotion of women’s role in such societies.
This is why we are actively seeking to ensure that women and their needs are taken into account in our cooperation with post-conflict countries. Two examples come to mind, both regarding Haiti: our collaboration with UNFPA and OXFAM to support the implementation of Haiti’s National Plan for Prevention of Violence Against Women through capacity building and awareness-raising; and support to the establishment of a Trade and Services Vocational Training Center, which will have programs especially geared towards women.
In conclusion, Mr. President, Resolution 1325 has enabled us to gain a better understanding and appreciation of the transformative role women can play in conflict and post-conflict situations. We must strive to ensure that its goals are fully realized.