the military coup of May 1997 the Security Council determined that the situation
in Sierra Leone constituted a threat to international peace and security and in
October 1997, by resolution 1132, it imposed an embargo on the supply of arms,
petroleum and related products to Sierra Leone. A travel ban was also imposed on
members of the military junta and relatives.
March 1998, by resolution 1156, the Council lifted the oil embargo and, by its
resolution 1171 (1998) of June 1998, it confirmed the removal of sanctions on
the Government and reimposed the embargo on arms to Sierra Leone other than to
the Government, as well as the travel ban on leading members of the
Revolutionary United Front and of the former military junta.
July 2000, by resolution 1306, the Security Council imposed an embargo on rough
diamonds from Sierra Leone for 18 months, except those controlled by the
Government of Sierra Leone through the certificate of origin regime. In 2001 the
Council’s measures regarding the import of rough diamonds from Sierra Leone
were extended for 11 months by resolution 1385 and for a further
6 months in 2002, by resolution 1446.
in light of Sierra Leone’s full participation in the Kimberly Process the
Council decided that the Government was able to ensure proper control over
diamond mining areas and signaled its intention not to renew the import of rough
diamonds from the country. This was done through a Press Statement (SC/7778) on
was appointed Chairman of the 1132 Sanctions Committee for Sierra Leone for
2004-2005. Only the arms embargo and travel restrictions remain in force.
Following consultations within the Committee in two occasions, some eighteen
names of individuals affected by sanctions were removed from the list and its
last revised version was published in September 2004.
Brazil’s two-year term, we have consulted with members of the Committee and of
the Security Council also on the need to streamline the legal basis for
sanctions in Sierra Leone. This has not been discussed in detail within
the Committee, as it is primarily a matter for the Security Council and
the Committee has also recognized the need to safeguard the sensitive work of
the Special Court.
our view, the expertise of the sanctions committees should feed into
decision-making process in appropriate ways. There are often overlaps in
the responsibilities of sanctions committees and the Council and they should be
handled with some degree of flexibility, while recognizing that it is solely the
Council that is responsible for decisions related to the actual scope and design
his twenty-seventh report on the United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL)
(S/2005/777), that the Council will consider tomorrow, the Secretary-General
indicates that over its six years of operation, the mission has forged effective
partnerships and placed Sierra Leone “on a firm path to post-conflict
Government has made further progress towards consolidating constitutional order
and assuming full responsibility for the maintenance of security in the country.
In spite of the challenges still presented by many root causes of the conflict
in Sierra Leone and its fragile socio-economic situation, we trust the
prevailing stable environment will allow for increasing international
involvement and long-term sustainable peace dividends. The presence of the
United Nations Integrated Office in Sierra Leone (UNIOSIL) from 1 January 2006
will greatly contribute to that result.
that context, it is my view that as UNAMSIL completes its draw down, the
Security Council may soon start reviewing the Sierra Leone sanctions regime with
a view to updating its legal basis, streamlining and updating the measures
currently in place, as well as the Committee’s mandate. Consultations within
the Sanctions Committee and with the Government of Sierra Leone will contribute
to that end.
Brazil comes close to the end of its tenure in the Security Council and as
Chairman of the 1132 Sanctions Committee, let me thank through you, Mr.
President, the fellow permanent representatives of Algeria, who served as
vice-chairman of the Committee during these two years, and of Argentina in the
current year and of Pakistan in 2004.
cannot conclude without extending my appreciation for the members of the
Secretariat who have assisted us in this task, in particular the Secretary of
the Committee, Mr. James Sutterlin, whose readiness to assist and experience in
the subject-matter have been an essential asset in the work of the Committee.
you very much.