Statement by Ambassador Ronaldo Mota Sardenberg
 Permanent Representative of Brazil to the UN
 Security Council, New York, June 30, 2005


Mr. President,


I would like to thank you for convening this timely briefing, and extend my appreciation as well to Mr. James Morris, Executive-Director of the World Food Programme, for the information he has provided us.


As we observed in the recent debate on the protection of civilians in armed conflict, the number and scope of humanitarian disasters provoked by post-Cold War conflicts is staggering.  Civilians have been increasingly victimised in armed conflicts, through ethnic cleansing, displacement, deliberate targeting and, with devastating consequences, starvation. 


The Security Council has paid due consideration to the issue of humanitarian crises resulting from conflict, and we welcome this opportunity to examine the correlation of famine and armed conflict, and how the international community can coordinate its actions in order to best address this issue.


The World Food Programme is the UN agency with the greatest logistical capacity for providing direly needed foodstuffs to people in emergency situations, both those related to natural causes and those deriving from conflict, which is our primary concern in this instance. 


Given Brazil’s involvement in Action Against Hunger and Poverty, it will come as no surprise that we attach a great deal of importance to the concept of food security, one of the pillars of the work of WFP.  Ensuring food security is a moral imperative, both in emergency situations and on a permanent basis. We fully endorse WFP’s “twin-track approach”, which addresses these two parallel challenges through the implementation of both emergency and more structurally oriented development operations. 


The “twin-track approach” is necessary to address the correlation between famine and conflict because, while achieving food security is indispensable for creating the conditions in which conflict-ridden societies may emerge from conflict, it is also true that the failure to achieve food security renders peaceful societies more vulnerable to conflict.  The international community needs to tackle the deep-rooted social and economic causes of conflict and humanitarian crises in order to prevent the emergence, spread and recurrence of conflict, and it is this context that WFP’s efforts for ensuring long-term food security must be placed.


Lastly, we would like to point out that, in order for WFP to fulfil its role of ensuring food security, it is necessary that it be provided with reliable and predictable resources, without which, in the definition of priorities, certain emergencies tend to be forgotten.  It is therefore essential to improve the financial mechanisms at our disposal, while underlining that humanitarian assistance must be provided on the basis of existing needs, and allocated on a non-discriminatory, balanced and proportionate manner.


Thank you Mr. President.