"STATEMENT BY BRAZIL AT THE SECURITY COUNCIL OPEN BRIEFING BY THE WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME"
I would like to thank you for convening this
timely briefing, and extend my appreciation as well to Mr. James Morris,
Executive-Director of the World Food Programme, for the information he has
As we observed in the recent debate on the
protection of civilians in armed conflict, the number and scope of humanitarian
disasters provoked by post-Cold War conflicts is staggering.
Civilians have been increasingly victimised in armed conflicts, through
ethnic cleansing, displacement, deliberate targeting and, with devastating
The Security Council has paid due consideration
to the issue of humanitarian crises resulting from conflict, and we welcome this
opportunity to examine the correlation of famine and armed conflict, and how the
international community can coordinate its actions in order to best address this
The World Food Programme is the UN agency with
the greatest logistical capacity for providing direly needed foodstuffs to
people in emergency situations, both those related to natural causes and those
deriving from conflict, which is our primary concern in this instance.
Given Brazil’s involvement in Action Against
Hunger and Poverty, it will come as no surprise that we attach a great deal of
importance to the concept of food security, one of the pillars of the work of
WFP. Ensuring food security is a
moral imperative, both in emergency situations and on a permanent basis. We
fully endorse WFP’s “twin-track approach”, which addresses these two
parallel challenges through the implementation of both emergency and more
structurally oriented development operations.
The “twin-track approach” is necessary to
address the correlation between famine and conflict because, while achieving
food security is indispensable for creating the conditions in which
conflict-ridden societies may emerge from conflict, it is also true that the
failure to achieve food security renders peaceful societies more vulnerable to
conflict. The international
community needs to tackle the deep-rooted social and economic causes of conflict
and humanitarian crises in order to prevent the emergence, spread and recurrence
of conflict, and it is this context that WFP’s efforts for ensuring long-term
food security must be placed.
Lastly, we would like to point out that, in
order for WFP to fulfil its role of ensuring food security, it is necessary that
it be provided with reliable and predictable resources, without which, in the
definition of priorities, certain emergencies tend to be forgotten.
It is therefore essential to improve the financial mechanisms at our
disposal, while underlining that humanitarian assistance must be provided on the
basis of existing needs, and allocated on a non-discriminatory, balanced and
Thank you Mr. President.