Cluster on Development - September Summit

Statement by Ambassador Ronaldo Mota Sardenberg

Permanent Representative of Brazil to the UN

 General Assembly, New York, 28 July  2005 


Mr. President,

At the outset, I would like to commend you and your Facilitators for the efforts in the preparation of this reviewed draft outcome document for the September Summit. This new version constitutes an improvement in most of the outstanding issues. 

I associate my statement with the one made by the President of the G-77 and China, Ambassador Stafford Neil. 

Mr. President,

On the section dedicated to development, we welcome, inter alia, the allocation of a specific section to address the quick wins, the references made to the situation of middle income countries, the condemnation of child labour and the recognition of financial support by international financial institutions for the scaling-up of South-South cooperation.

Brazil reaffirms the understanding that reference should always be made to “sustainable development” in order to stress that the three pillars of development – environmental, 
social and economic – are interconnected and must be pursued simultaneously. The concept of sustainable development should not be restricted to the “sustainable development process”,
narrowly interpreted as being the mere follow-up to the Rio and the Johannesburg summits. We therefore suggest that the title of the section on Global partnership be amended accordingly, to read “Global partnership for sustainable development”. In this same vein, we propose that paragraph 20 should read: “We reaffirm that each country must take primary responsibility for its own sustainable development, in its three pillars…”. 

Mr. President,

One of the main outcomes of the September Summit will be the confirmation of important commitments regarding ODA. It is therefore crucial that the Summit unequivocally advise to
those developed countries that have not yet done so to expeditiously set the required timetables. The target of allocating 0.7 per cent of their gross national product as ODA to developing countries and 0,15 to 0,20 per cent of GNP to least developed countries must be achieved by 2015.

In addition, our delegation reiterates the proposal to list all the mechanisms that have been discussed within the Action Against Hunger and Poverty and/or have been highlighted by
the Secretary-General’s report, by the Landau Commission, by the Commission established by the UK Government and by surveys undertaken under the aegis of the World Bank, the
IMF and the G-8. Those initiatives include, for example, the emission of special drawing rights for development purposes and the fight against fiscal evasion. We suggest that those
ideas be added to the mechanisms mentioned in the paragraph on refers to innovative financial mechanisms. 

Brazil has been fully engaged in efforts of debt alleviation of HPICs and is committed to contribute in this regard to the full extent of our capacity. However, 100% debt cancellation 
is an objective not yet achievable for Brazil, as a developing country. This would indeed demand changes in the pertinent Brazilian law. We would therefore suggest that the 
call for 100% debt cancellation of the official debt of HIPCs be clearly defined as a target for developed countries and for developing countries in a position to do so. 

The section on trade should spell out developments that are needed in concrete areas such as enhanced access for goods and services of export interest to developing countries to
the markets of developed countries, balanced rules and the complete elimination of trade distorting domestic support and export subsidies 

In the section on employment, Brazil suggests that a strong condemnation of forced labor be included. There must also be a caveat against any attempts of construing employment-
related aspects as protectionist measures. 

We suggest that the title of the section on “Sustainable development” be changed for “Sustaining our environment and natural resources base for development” 

We also favour the inclusion, in paragraph 33, on Sustainable development, of an explicit reference to the principle of sovereign rights of States over their natural resources.

In regard to climate change, Brazil proposes that the corresponding text should read: “Undertake concerted global action to mitigate climate change, including through meeting 
all commitments and obligations under the Kyoto Protocol, the UNFCCC and other relevant international agreements, increase energy efficiency, technological innovation, and to further
develop the international regime for climate protection beyond 2012 in consonance with the principles and guidelines of the UNFCCC and its Kyoto Protocol”, since those two instruments spell out measures to be taken by both developed and developing countries, according to the principle of common but differentiated responsibilities and therefore provide an adequate framework, intergovernamentally negotiated, under which further negotiations must be pursued. 

We propose that the paragraph on forests, that presently is focused on procedural aspects, would be changed to better address the ultimate objectives sought, in line with the proposal made by the President of G-77 and China. 

My delegation also supports the strengthening of  international environmental governance. Brazil has been actively involved in discussions under the aegis of UNEP and  has also participated in the discussions convened by France. We consider, however, that the strengthening of international environmental governance will prove to be an extremely
complex task, as different processes - with governance bodies of different structures and composition, different mandates and independent financial and regulatory mechanisms - are
involved.

In the paragraph referring to the holding of annual ministerial-level policy coordinating meetings to carry out substantive reviews of existing global policies under the aegis of ECOSOC, Brazil proposes that a reference to the participation of BWIs and WTO, in order to make those
exercises more meaningful and effective. 

In regard to migration, it would be appropriate to refer to the objective of facilitating and reducing the costs of migrant’s remittances and, for that purpose, my Delegation recommends the inclusion of a new paragraph 38Bis, which could read: “We recognize the need to work expeditiously, including through collaborating with pertinent institutions,  and through streamlining regulations, with a view to facilitating and reducing the costs of migrant’s 
remittances”. 

Brazil strongly supports the proposal to replace the expression “in a more effective and humane manner” for “takes into account the effective protection of migrants’ human rights”.

Mr. President,

Brazil is pleased to see that the matter on achieving universal access to education - the second Millennium Development Goal - has been taken up in the reviewed text. The document could still, however, benefit from improvement, particularly by highlighting innovative initiatives in this
respect. In this regard, the Brazilian “Bolsa Escola” programme - paying a government stipend to motivate low-income families to keep their children in school - is a case in point and could be considered as a “quick win”. 

Similarly, we welcome the inclusion of a reference to the elimination of child labor in the chapter under employment. We reiterate, however, the need to include a mention to the elimination of forced labor as well. 

As regards the chapter on HIV/AIDS, we recognize that the inclusion of references to the elimination of stigma and discrimination, to the implementation of the goals set out in 
the Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS and the Three One’s, and to the strengthening of health systems in developing countries have improved the text. We welcome, as well, the inclusion of a call towards the full implementation of the WHO revised International Health Regulations that, in our view, renders dispensable the reference to GOARN.

We acknowledge the value added in the section on gender equality and women’s empowerment by the strengthening of the language on the elimination of gender inequality in education and on women’s participation in government decision-making bodies. We also welcome the new references to women’s access to sustainable employment and adequate labor protections, as well as to ending impunity as a means to protect women from
violence. We regret, however, that the bullet on reproductive health has remained unaltered, when clearly a reference to access to “sexual and reproductive health services” would be more precise, in terms of what is truly needed to promote and protect the human rights of women.

Mr. President,

Brazil fully supports the call for special consideration of the needs of Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs), Small Island Developing States 
(SIDS) and countries emerging from conflict and recovering from disasters. Brazil also supports the commitment to urgently meet the special needs of Africa. 

Thank you.