the informal consultations we hold today I would like to address some of the
concepts and ideas contained in the chapter “Freedom to live in dignity” of
the Secretary-General’s report “In larger freedom”. The Brazilian
Government is examining with attention and interest the recommendations in this
concur with the Secretary-General that we must persevere in the path towards
strengthening the rule of law at the international and national levels,
increasing the importance and structure of the human rights machinery and
supporting efforts to establish and deepen democracy all over the world. As the
SG has stressed in paragraph 132, “we must move from an era of legislation to
an era of implementation”.
the rule of law, the report affirms that nowhere is the distance between
rhetoric and reality so stark as in the field of international humanitarian law.
Indeed, in most contemporary conflicts humanitarian law is either neglected or
deliberately breached. If there is an over-widening gap between existing
international norms and respect for such norms, law must be translated into
concrete action. In our view, the General Assembly could examine in detail the
new concept of a “collective responsibility to protect”.
the international community has an important role to play in the fight against
impunity, in order to guarantee that flagrant and widespread human rights abuses
do not go unpunished. Brazil has wholeheartedly supported the creation of the
International Criminal Court as a permanent and independent tribunal to promote
the rule of law in case States do not fulfill their duty to exercise the
criminal jurisdiction over those responsible for international crimes. Now that
the Court is in full activity and is becoming able to provide long-term and
robust deterrence, the confidence we have placed in its effectiveness should be
has a historic and sound commitment to human rights, democracy and the rule of
law. We are parties to all main human rights treaties and we have significantly
cooperated with and benefited from the international human rights machinery.
It is in this context that we welcome the proposals contained in the
report of the SG towards the strengthening of the system. We believe that the
debate on this issue is also necessary and positive and we intend to actively
participate in the exercise.
proposal to establish a Human Rights Council deserves careful consideration. A
deeper reflection should encompass specific questions, such as its possible
nature, composition and functions, as well as the interaction with the States
and other UN bodies. A discussion on the issue should also take into account the
very fact that the special procedures of the Commission on Human Rights
represent a fundamental contribution for the promotion and protection of human
rights, given their independent and impartial character, and they must be
preserved in any case. We also recognize the value of openness for interaction
with civil society, which must be equally preserved. It will be important to
define, in a new structure, the role of the Office of the High Commissioner for
this respect, we support the call of the Secretary-General to strengthen, within
the possibilities the Office of the High Commissioner. In our view, the OHCHR
has a central role to play in the promotion and protection of human rights and
it should be invigorated not only in its activities of monitoring, but also in
those related to technical cooperation. Brazil shares the conviction of the SG
that it is necessary to increase the financing of the Office, which should be
done primarily through more allocation of regular budget resources, but also
through unearmarked voluntary contributions.
respect to the treaty bodies, Brazil agrees with the important observations
contained in the report. There is sufficient room for improving their methods of
work, especially in what concerns the presentation and evaluation of reports.
the proposal that the High Commissioner should play a more active role in the
deliberations of the Security Council, Brazil understands that further deepening
of such relationship should be considered with caution, with the special
preoccupation to avoid inadequate misunderstandings between the mandates of both
bodies, and in particular the functions and powers of the General Assembly.
Anyhow, this relationship must be seriously taken into account in cases where
situations of threat or breach of international peace and security are
associated with human rights questions.
addition to the recommendations contained in the report, Brazil considers the
proposal for the High Commissioner for Human Rights to prepare a global report
on the situation of human rights all over the world a most useful instrument
towards improving the UN human rights system. We are convinced that a global
report, as recognized by the High Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change,
will significantly contribute to guarantee the effectiveness and credibility of
I would like to underscore that “we will not enjoy development without
security, we will not enjoy security without development, and we will not enjoy
either without respect for human rights”.
you very much, Mr. Facilitator.