“Briefings by chairmen of subsidiary bodies of the security council"
do pronunciamento brasileiro na sessão aberta do Conselho de Segurança
dedicada aos relatórios dos Presidentes dos Comitês do CSNU responsáveis pelo
combate ao terrorismo.
O Conselho de Segurança, em sua sessão aberta de 20/7, apreciou os relatórios dos Presidentes dos Comitês estabelecidos pelas Resoluções 1267 (Al Qaida e Talibã), 1373 (contra-terrorismo) e 1540 (armas de destruição em massa e atores não estatais).
Na oportunidade, o Emb. Sardenberg realizou intervenção com o seguinte teor:
is our first public meeting on terrorism after the tragic events in London
reminded us once again of that scourge, as well as of the urgency and necessity
of redoubling efforts to combat it.
Within the framework of the reform of the United Nations, we now have the
opportunity to reach an agreement on a definition of terrorism and to foster a
coordinated, comprehensive and integrated international response to that threat.
We welcome the suggestions presented by the Secretary-General and consider them
to be a good basis for a larger discussion about that issue.
A comprehensive anti-terrorism strategy should also tackle, in a proper
manner, the root causes of terrorism as a most appropriate way of reducing the
temptations to resort to that form of violence. Among possible techniques, such
a strategy might involve preventive diplomacy, crisis management and the
promotion of social and economic development. It is well known that situations
linked to political, cultural and social oppression foster an environment that
facilitates the development of extremism.
I should like to add our voice to the Secretary-General’s call in
inviting United Nations Member States to make a special effort to try to
conclude the needed convention on terrorism as soon as possible. That convention
should take into account the observance of international law, the rule of law
and due process. We consider that the ideas put forward by the High-Level Panel
on Threats, Challenges and Change are a useful starting point for that process.
Brazil believes that such an umbrella convention should be based on a clear and
agreed definition of terrorism.
We thank Ambassador Ellen Løj for her substantive briefing and for her
effective and dynamic conduct of the work of the Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC).
I would also like to take this opportunity to thank the Executive Director of
the Counter-Terrorism Executive Directorate (CTED), Mr. Javier Rupérez, and his
team. We also recognize that Ambassador Rupérez’s office is now understaffed,
but we hope that the problem will be remedied in the near future.
Brazil supports the current reform of the CTED and expects that it will
become fully operational as soon as possible in order to carry out its ambitious
work programme under the policy guidance of the plenary of the CTC. I take this
opportunity to reiterate the need to allow equitable representation of all
regions and legal traditions within its secretariat. It is necessary that the
CTED strengthen its capacity in order to better facilitate the provision of
technical assistance to all interested States. Brazil strongly encourages States
that might benefit from such cooperation to request assistance. The CTC should
be a policy-guidance organ — and effectively it is — and a competent
facilitator of assistance to Member States, which is to be obtained through an
increasing dialogue with States and interested international partners within
existing international law.
As mandated by resolution 1535 (2004), Brazil hopes that the visits to
States, with their consent, will provide the CTC with a more thorough
understanding of the situation in those countries, including further insight
into the difficulties States may face in implementing the resolution, as was
mentioned by Ambassador Løj this morning. It is essential that a proper
follow-up mechanism to those visits be put into place so as to ensure that
technical assistance and other needs identified during the visits are duly taken
My delegation thanks Ambassador César Mayoral for his briefing on the
activities of the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1267 (1999). We
share his perceptions on the recent episodes of terrorism and on their probable
impact on the work of the 1267 Committee. We are pleased by the good results of
his first visit to selected States, as mandated by resolution 1526 (2004). The
views expressed by the States on the quality of the Committee’s list of
individuals and entities associated with Al-Qaida and/or the Taliban, as well as
on the need to improve listing and delisting procedures, can help the future
work of the Committee. Work on improving listing, delisting and exemption
procedures must be undertaken, as proposed by Ambassador Mayoral. The
enhancement of such procedures will encourage reluctant States to submit names
for the lists.
The ongoing negotiations on a new resolution, pursuant to paragraph 3 of
resolution 1526 (2004), offer a privileged opportunity to improve the work of
the Committee and to focus on some of its most important tasks. The
establishment of a definition of the term “associated with Osama bin Laden,
Al-Qaida and the Taliban” will certainly help to refine the existing list of
individuals and entities. In tailoring that definition, we should be able to
balance the need to make it inclusive with the need to respect individual rights
and prevent errors. When dealing with the issue of reporting to the Committee by
States, we have to guarantee that the format and periodicity adopted will not
make the procedure excessively burdensome for Members that lack resources.
I also thank Ambassador Mihnea Motoc for his briefing on the activities
of the 1540 Committee. Based on Member States’ positive responses, the 1540
Committee has been able to make steadfast progress in the examination of the
relevant national reports. We are pleased to see that the consideration of the
whole first round of national reports is likely to be concluded shortly and that
the Committee will be in a position to provide a comprehensive report to the
Council in 2006.
My delegation joins the Chairman’s calls to encourage Member States
that have not yet submitted their reports to do so. I trust that the Committee
is willing to consider in full all requests for technical assistance in the
preparation of the reports or in implementing the provisions of the resolution.
Measures to strengthen the Committee’s capacity to react to those requests and
to facilitate assistance are, I believe, under way.
For Brazil, the very existence of weapons of mass destruction in the
hands either of non-State actors or of States themselves is a matter of grave
concern. As we continue to call for complete, verifiable and irreversible
disarmament of States that possess such arms, we believe that the threat posed
by terrorists having access to them is also important and requires appropriate
action. These issues seem to be inextricably linked.
Brazil believes that the General Assembly could benefit from the work
accomplished by the 1540 Committee if there is need to identify common standards
and best practices. My delegation was pleased to join the consensus in the
Assembly in April when it adopted the International Convention for the
Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism, which addresses the unlawful
possession or use of nuclear devices or materials by non-State actors. That
clearly showed the resolve of the United Nations to act on those matters and
demonstrates that space for debate and compromise is available. My delegation
would be ready to support consideration by the General Assembly of common lines
of action aimed at preventing terrorists from gaining access to weapons of mass
destruction. That would no doubt add unquestionable efficacy to our approach to
the threats in the same spirit that the 12 conventions have equipped us to
respond to international terrorism in all its aspects.”