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Statement by H. E. Mr. Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva,
President of the Federative Republic of Brazil,
Security Council Summit

New York, September 14, 2055

“Threats to international peace and security”

Madam President,

I would like to congratulate you on the initiative of convening this meeting, which is held at a critical juncture for the future of the United Nations.

Efforts to strengthen the United Nations and its main bodies are being intensified.

We need to adapt the Security Council to the political and economic requirements of a world which is undergoing deep transformation.

This is only the third Security Council Summit in its sixty years of existence.

In 1992, we met to celebrate the end of the East-West confrontation, as new prospects dawned for the Council to act in the promotion of international stability. 

There were reasons to believe in the future of collective security.

In 2000, our meeting coincided with brutal acts of violence fuelled by racial and religious intolerance.

At that moment, we were striving to learn lessons from civil wars in former Yugoslavia and Rwanda, and to restore this Organization’s capacity to counter massive abuses of human rights.

Today we face threats of growing complexity.

Both resolutions we have just adopted are attempts to respond to these challenges.

Barbaric acts of terrorism continue to be perpetrated against innocent and defenseless people.

Combating this scourge demands resolve. 

Yet repression alone will not defeat it. 

We must prevent terror from breeding in hotbeds of hopelessness.

We must reject prejudice and discrimination, whatever their guise or pretext.

In combating irrational violence, the best means at our disposal are the promotion of  a culture of dialogue, the promotion of development and the unyielding protection of human rights.

 

Madam President,

The Council must also continue to devote attention to African issues.

During my visits to 14 African countries as well as in contacts maintained with many African leaders in Brasilia, I have witnessed major institutional and economic progress in the region.   

The firm political will of African leaders to overcome today’s conflicts and to cope with a legacy of dependency have culminated in the establishment of the African Union.

Their example should inspire parts of the world that are working towards integration to the international community in a sovereign and peaceful manner.

In Haiti, Latin America wants to prove that the United Nations is not doomed to simply cleaning up the wreckage of conflicts it could not prevent. 

The United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti offers a new paradigm of response to the challenges of conflict resolution and national reconstruction. 

We are contributing to the long-term stabilization of the country without resorting to the use of force on an excessive scale or any imposed solutions.

We encourage dialogue among all political actors and support institutional and economic reconstruction.

The establishment of a Peacebuilding Commission demonstrates that the international community shares this same view.

A better coordination between the Security Council and ECOSOC will ensure that situations such as those in Haiti, Guinea-Bissau and Burundi are adequately dealt with.

These are deep crises in societies that seek to find their way back towards development.

In questions such as these, the action of the United Nations is irreplaceable.

This is certainly the case of the Middle East conflict, where sensitive political issues need to be solved with credibility and transparency.

In this spirit, Brazil supports the efforts made by the Quartet to promote the implementation of the “roadmap”.

 

Madam President,

The United Nations reform, now under discussion, cannot be dissociated from the restructuring of this Security Council.

New responsibilities – many of them not anticipated by the UN Charter – have risen as a result of a wider agenda.

The Council must stop running such a deficit of transparency and representativity.

The values of good governance and the democratic principles we so cherish at home should lead us to embrace multilateralism and collective decision-making in multilateral institutions.

We have before us a historic opportunity to expand the Council in an equitable manner.

For the majority of UN member countries this means expanding the number of seats, with developing countries from all regions as both permanent and non-permanent Council members.

 

Madam President,

I am convinced that there will be no peace or security in the world as long as a billion people are oppressed by hunger. 

I insist that this evil can be considered the most devastating of all weapons of mass destruction.

Hunger and poverty affect people’s capacity to work, their health, their dignity and hopes.

They break down families, tear apart societies and weaken economies.

Hunger and poverty fuel a vicious cycle of frustration and humiliation that sets the stage for violence, crises and conflicts of all sorts.

I would like to reiterate that as far as Brazil is concerned this Council must continue to be the principal international body for the promotion of international peace and security – as defined by the United Nations Charter.

Brazil will not shirk its responsibilities in the promotion of the reforms needed to strengthen this institution.

A reformed Council will be better equipped to take the lead in facing the complex decisions imposed by this historic moment.

Thank you very much.