Brazil welcomes the initiative of the Romanian
Presidency to convene this open debate on women and peace and security. This is
a proper and timely occasion to discuss the implementation of resolution 1325,
five years after its adoption of a text of great significance. We join other
delegations in expressing our appreciation to the distinguished speakers for
The importance of the full and effective
implementation of the resolution is outlined in the 2005 World Summit Outcome.
We need to continue to persevere in our efforts to empower women’s role in the
various branches of UN peace and security activities, from conflict prevention
to post-conflict reconstruction.
Over the last quinquennial, the Council has dealt
with gender issues not only in its periodic thematic debates but also in
tackling country specific situations. Progress has been made in integrating
gender perspectives into peacekeeping operations, with concrete repercussions in
While acknowledging the essential contributions
made by women as peacemakers and peacebuilders in many settings, we are
confronted with the reality of under-representation of women in peace processes
as a whole. We have therefore to promote change in order to ensure full-fledged
or at least an increased ratio of female participation in decision-making, not
only in cease-fire negotiations but also in transitional processes.
The special needs of women and girls should be
addressed in actions such as disarmament, demobilization and reintegration. With
regard to transitional justice, the UN can work closely with national
authorities in establishing programs aimed at ensuring accountability of
perpetrators of human rights violations, including gender-based violence.
In this respect, it is deeply regrettable that
women continue to be seriously affected by conflict. The despicable and
recurrent practice of gender-based violence, especially rape and other forms of
sexual abuse, is one of the worst challenges we face in terms of protection.
The issue of sexual abuse and exploitation by all
categories of personnel in UN peacekeeping missions is also disturbing. We must
condemn, in the strongest terms, all acts of sexual misconduct and implement
codes of conduct and disciplinary procedures to prevent such acts from happening
again and ensure full accountability. We support the measures undertaken by DPKO
on this issue.
To face these and other gender challenges in
peace and security, comprehensive strategies must be pursued and concrete
targets must be met.
My Delegation is grateful to the
Secretary-General for submitting to the Council an action plan aiming at the
implementation of resolution 1325 across the UN system. Initiatives such as
training not only for women’s organizations but also for peacekeeping
personnel and capacity-building could be certainly intensified. We also
recognize the importance of identifying women candidates for senior and
decision-making positions, including special representatives and envoys, with
due regard to equitable geographical distribution. The report also mentions that
it is necessary to increase financial support for implementation of resolution
1325, including through extrabudgetary resources.
In addition, the contribution of civil society,
especially women’s organizations, is fundamental in this process. Apart from
the engagement with civil society at the national and regional levels, there
have been increased informal exchanges between the Council and civil society
organizations. In this respect, we thank Denmark for having organized an Arria
Formula meeting, which helped to prepare this discussion.
As for intergovernmental oversight, one cannot
disregard the possibility of cooperation between the Security Council and the
ECOSOC, under article 65 of the Charter. The Peacebuilding Commission can
contribute to the implementation of resolution 1325 and it will benefit from
women’s skills and perspectives in peacebuilding processes.
Finally, Mr. President, the “Five Years On”
report of the NGO Working Group on Women, Peace and Security notes that “when
women are excluded … from peace negotiations and peacekeeping initiatives…,
peace will, categorically, not work for women”. The Security Council
needs to ensure that gender concerns continue to be included in new peacekeeping
mandates. In doing so, we will strengthen our commitment to gender mainstreaming
and reaffirm once again the fundamental role of women in the prevention and
resolution of conflicts and in peacebuilding.